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Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. &. Hook. f. ex A. Gray
SOUTH AFRICA DAISY
Goldweed; Golden Crownbeard; Wild Sunflower; Dogweed; Ximenesia enceliodes Cav

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Verbesina


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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Calliopsis argentina @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Calliopsis crypta @ BBSL (3)

Calliopsis pectidis @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (1)

Calliopsis rozeni @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Perdita albipennis @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Perdita albovittata @ AMNH_BEE (38); UCRC_ENT (15)

Perdita beata @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Perdita utahensis @ UCRC_ENT (9)

Perdita verbesinae @ UCRC_ENT (48)

Protandrena barberi @ BBSL (1)

Protandrena bicolor @ BBSL (1)

Protandrena boylei @ BBSL (12)

Pseudopanurgus aethiops @ BBSL (7); AMNH_BEE (6)

Pseudopanurgus barberi @ I_JSA (1)

Pseudopanurgus boylei @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Pseudopanurgus fraterculus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Pseudopanurgus illustris @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Pseudopanurgus pectidellus @ AMNH_BEE (12)

Pseudopanurgus pectiphilus @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Pseudopanurgus perarmatus @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (2)

Pseudopanurgus verticalis @ UCRC_ENT (3)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Apidae  Anthophora curta @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (3); LACM_ENTB (1)

Anthophorula compactula @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus opifex @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Bombus sonorus @ AMNH_BEE (51)

Diadasia diminuta @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Diadasia ochracea @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Diadasia rinconis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Doeringiella crassicornis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes gilensis @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes glenwoodensis @ BBSL (2)

Melissodes limbus @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Melissodes montana @ BBSL (2)

Melissodes paroselae @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Melissodes submenuacha @ BBSL (4); AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes thelypodii @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes tristis @ BBSL (2); I_JSA (2)

Melissodes @ I_JSA (1)

Neolarra verbesinae @ BBSL (1)

Nomada texana @ AMNH_BEE (4); I_JSA (3)

Svastra machaerantherae @ AMNH_BEE (8)

Syntrichalonia exquisita @ BBSL (2)

Triepeolus grandis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Triepeolus verbesinae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Xeromelecta californica @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Xylocopa splendidula @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Chrysomelidae  Metaparia @ UCRC_ENT (3)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium viguierae @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Colletes compactus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Colletes gypsicolens @ BBSL (2)
Coreidae  Thasus neocalifornicus @ UCR_ENT (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (2)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon angelicus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Agapostemon obliquus @ I_JSA (3)

Agapostemon tyleri @ I_JSA (3)

Dieunomia heteropoda @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Halictus ligatus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Halictus tripartitus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Megachilidae  Anthidium maculosum @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Anthidium vigintiduopunctatum @ BBSL__LACMENT (1)

Ashmeadiella bigeloviae @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCRC_ENT (2)

Ashmeadiella occipitalis @ UCRC_ENT (21)

Coelioxys edita @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dianthidium ulkei @ AMNH_BEE (2); I_JSA (2); UCRC_ENT (7)

Heriades crucifer @ BBSL (1)

Heriades crucifera @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Megachile agustini @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCRC_ENT (2)

Megachile albitarsis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Megachile exilis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile fidelis @ BBSL (2)

Megachile gentilis @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Megachile inimica @ AMNH_BEE (3); I_JSA (2); UCRC_ENT (5)

Megachile lippiae @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile parallela @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (2); I_JSA (5); UCRC_ENT (34)

Megachile policaris @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Megachile rossi @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Megachile sidalceae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile soledadensis @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Paranthidium jugatorium @ BBSL (2); I_JSA (1); UCRC_ENT (1)
Melittidae  Hesperapis rhodocerata @ BBSL (1); UCRC_ENT (4)

Hesperapis @ I_JSA (1)
Membracidae  Publilia modesta @ AMNH_ENT (37)
Miridae  Reuteroscopus ornatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Slaterocoris apache @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Nymphalidae  Chlosyne @ I_JSA (1)

Danaus gilippus @ I_JSA (1)
Peronosporaceae  Plasmopara halstedii @ BPI (3)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia abrupta @ BPI (1)

Puccinia cognata @ BPI (2)

Puccinia diaziana @ BPI (1)

Puccinia melampodii @ BPI (1)

Puccinia verbesinae @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Phymata americana @ UCR_ENT (9)
_  Scoliidae @ I_JSA (2)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 106, 107, 108 , 109 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Verbesina

4. Verbesina encelioides (Cavanilles) Bentham & Hooker f. ex A. Gray in W. H. Brewer et al., Bot. California. 1: 350. 1876.

Ximenesia encelioides Cavanilles, Icon. 2: 60, plate 178. 1793 (as enceliodes); Verbesina encelioides subsp. exauriculata (B. L. Robinson & Greenman) J. R. Coleman; V. encelioides var. exauriculata B. L. Robinson & Greenman

Plants 10—50(—120+) cm (annuals, internodes not winged). Leaves all or mostly alternate (proximal usually opposite); blades deltate-ovate or rhombic to lanceolate, 3—8(—12+) × 2—4(—6+) cm, bases broadly cuneate to ± truncate, margins coarsely toothed to subentire, apices acute to attenuate, faces strigoso-scabrellous to sericeous. Heads usually borne singly, sometimes 2—3+ in loose, cymiform or corymbiform arrays. Involucres ± hemispheric to saucerlike, 10—20+ mm diam. Phyllaries 12—18+ in 1—2 series, ± erect to spreading, lance-ovate or lance-linear to linear, 6—8+ mm. Ray florets (8—)12—15+; laminae 8—10(—20+) mm. Disc florets 80—150+; corollas yellow. Cypselae dark brown to blackish, narrowly obovate, 3.5—5+ mm, faces ± strigillose; pappi 0.5—1(—2) mm (0 on ray cypselae). 2 n = 34.

Flowering Aug—Oct. Swales, disturbed sites; 10—2500 m; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Fla., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., La., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Wyo.; Mexico; West Indies; South America; introduced in Asia, Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Australia.

Native distribution of Verbesina encelioides in the flora area is uncertain. Plants of Verbesina encelioides from ca. 100°W (e.g., c Texas) and eastward usually have auriculate petiole bases and have been called var. encelioides ; plants from the west usually lack auricles and have been called var. exauriculata .

Updated: 2024-05-18 02:46:16 gmt
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