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Zaprora silenus Jordan, 1896
PROWFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Zaproridae   Zaprora


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Zaprora silenus   Jordan , 1896

Prowfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Zaprora silenus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Zaprora silenus (Prowfish) Zaprora silenus
Picture by Bryan, D.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Zaproridae (Prowfish)
Etymology: silenus: Named after Silenus, a drunkard demigod who fell in a marsh on a revel and became covered with slime (Ref. 6885 ) .   More on author: Jordan .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 675 m (Ref. 50550 ), usually 0 - 500 m (Ref. 28981 ).   Boreal; 0°C - 4°C (Ref. 56462 ); 66°N - 34°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and western Kamchatka, Russia to Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea, Attu Island in the Aleutian chain and San Miguel Island, California, USA.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 57.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 88.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850 ); common length : 42.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56462 ); max. published weight: 7.0 kg (Ref. 56462 ); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 56462 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 54 - 57; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 29 - 30. Caudal rounded.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur near bottom (Ref. 2850 ). Young to 7.2 cm are pelagic or bathypelagic, usually associated with jellyfish (Ref. 6885 ). Juveniles take shelter under the medusae and are often mistaken for medusafish Icichthys lockingtoni (Ref. 50276 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann , 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

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Length-weight
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 1.4 - 8.9, mean 4.7 (based on 1470 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00680 - 0.04443), b=2.97 (2.75 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm= 5.1; K= 0.18). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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