Information on record INAT1160276

iNaturalist database
ID_parent INAT1160276
occurrenceIDhttp://www.inaturalist.org/observations/1160276
basisOfRecordHumanObservation
modified2017-11-28T13:49:49Z
institutionCodeiNaturalist
collectionCodeObservations
datasetNameiNaturalist research-grade observations
catalogNumber1160276
referenceshttps://www.inaturalist.org/observations/1160276
occurrenceRemarksThe ants are small [2+ mm] and yellowish to yellow-red, with the anterior of the gaster a darker brown. They live in very large colonies with several queens [who are up to about 5 mm long], and spread by colony budding, where queens run out with the workers and establish new nests at the food source. Although they have stings they cannot penetrate human skin, but that said they are much more aggressive than other Monomoriums and will swarm all over you if disturbed. They are often confused with Fire ants (Solenopsis geminata) because their colouring and colony-sizes are very similar, but you can easily tell them apart in two ways: [a] Solenopsis have a range of worker sizes or castes, from tiny 1.5 mm to about 3.5 mm, and [b] with magnification you can see that the club or thickened end of the antenna has three segments in Monomorium, but only two in Solenopsis. First collected in Egypt in 1758, hence the name. A seriously dangerous invader of temperate coastal regions around the world, the Pharaoh ant (Monomorium pharaonis) was collected in Cape Town by Mayr as early as 1862; he corrected Linnaeus’s name Formica pharaonis to Monomorium pharaonis. Despite that it is not very commonly seen in Cape Town any more, and it may be that it cannot survive competition from the later Argentine invader, Linepithema humile. It is still found on the mountain fringe in Bishopscourt, Constantia and Tokai. Read more at www.ants.org.za
occurrenceDetailshttp://www.inaturalist.org/observations/1160276
recordedByPeter Slingsby
establishmentMeanswild
eventDate2014-12-03
verbatimEventDate2014-12-03
verbatimLocalityTokai Plantation, Table Mountain National Park
decimalLatitude-34.0557
decimalLongitude18.4299
MAPdecimal latitude_longitude ••• -34.0557_18.4299
countryCodeZA
stateProvinceWestern Cape
identificationID2114194
dateIdentified2015-01-04T14:46:50Z
taxonID69320
scientificName Monomorium pharaonis
taxonRankspecies
kingdomAnimalia
phylumArthropoda
classInsecta
orderHymenoptera
familyFormicidae
genusMonomorium
licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
rights© Peter Slingsby some rights reserved
rightsHolderPeter Slingsby
inaturalistLoginpeterslingsby

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