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Prionurus laticlavius (Valenciennes, 1846)
RAZOR SURGEONFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Acanthuridae   Prionurus

Prionurus laticlavius
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Prionurus laticlavius

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Prionurus laticlavius
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Prionurus laticlavius
Prionurus laticlavius
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Prionurus laticlavius

Prionurus laticlavius
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Prionurus laticlavius
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • dark bars: eye and shoulder
  • few dark spots rear body
  • tail fin yellow
Dorsal rays VII-VIII, 27-28; anal rays III-IV, 23; 3 bony knobs on tail base.

Generally grey with bright yellow tail fin; a few black spots on tail base; a dark bar through eye and another through shoulder; small juveniles are mainly yellow.

Maximum size, about 60 cm.

Habitat: rocky reefs; often occurs in large schools.


Depth: between 0-30 m.

Costa Rica to Ecuador, plus the Galapagos Islands, Cocos, Malpelo, with stragglers at the Revillagigedos and the mouth of the Gulf of California.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 30 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: benthic macroalgae; benthic microalgae.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=25; Southern limit=-3; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=28; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Herbivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 60 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Edgar, G.J. Banks, S., Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M. and Martínez, C., 2004., Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago., Journal of Biogeography, 31:1107-1124.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , and McGregor,., 1898., List of fishes collected at the Revillagigedo archipelago and neighboring islands., Rept. U.S. Fisheries Comm., 24:271-284.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1975., Fishes collected at Malpelo Island. In Graham, J.B. (ed.) The Biological Investigation of Malpelo Island, Colombia., Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 176:91-93.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Fishes collected from the Revillagigedo Islands during the 1954-1958 cruises of the "Marijean."., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 4:10pp.
  • Valenciennes, A., 1846., Table + Ichthyology Pls. 1-10. In: A. du Petit-Thouars. Atlas de Zoologie. Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate "Vénus," pendant les années 1836-1839., Voyage Venus,.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prionurus+laticlavius&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prionurus+laticlavius&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Prionurus laticlavius%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Prionurus laticlavius
Prionurus laticlavius
Yellow-tail Surgeonfish
ID: 0000 0000 0206 0029 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Prionurus laticlavius
Prionurus laticlavius
Yellow-tail Surgeonfish
ID: 0000 0000 0206 0030 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Prionurus laticlavius
Prionurus laticlavius
Yellow-tail Surgeonfish
ID: 0000 0000 0206 0031 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Prionurus&speciesname=laticlavius ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Prionurus-laticlavius.html
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Prionurus-laticlavius.html

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