Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.
FRASER FIR
Pinus fraseri
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Abies

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Abies fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Abies fraseri

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Abies fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Abies fraseri
Abies fraseri, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, whole tree - general

Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Abies fraseri, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, whole tree - general
Abies fraseri, cone - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, cone - male

Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Abies fraseri, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, bark - of a large tree

Abies fraseri, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, whole tree - general
Abies fraseri, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, leaf - entire needle

Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Abies fraseri, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies fraseri, twig - showing attachment of needles

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ NCSU_ENT (30)

Mindarus abietinus @ NCSU (24)

Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (5)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca fabae @ III (2)
Cronartiaceae  Peridermium @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces palmatus @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Dermea balsamea @ BPI (3)
Diaspididae  Dynaspidiotus californicus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (9)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium @ BPI (2)

Nectria balsamea @ BPI (12)

Nectria cinnamomea @ BPI (1)

Nectria cucurbitula @ BPI (2)

Nectria neomacrospora @ BPI (1)

Nectria pinea @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (2)
Nitschkiaceae  Coronophora occulta @ BPI (2)
Orbiliaceae  Orbilia coccinella @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Stegonsporium cenangioides @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes pini @ BPI (1)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (4)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus balsameus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (1)

Poria tenuis @ BPI (1)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Uredinopsis americana @ BPI (2)

Uredinopsis mirabilis @ BPI (5)
Rhytismataceae  Bifusella faullii @ BPI (1)

Hypodermella abietis-concoloris @ BPI (2)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (2)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (3)
Strophariaceae  Flammula sapinea @ BPI (1)
Syrphidae  Milesia fructuosa @ BPI (11)
Valsaceae  Cryptospora @ BPI (1)

Cytospora pinastri @ BPI (1)

Valsa @ BPI (2)
Venturiaceae  Phaeocryptopus nudus @ BPI (1)

Rhizosphaera pini @ BPI (2)
_  Adelopus balsamicola @ BPI (2)

Adelopus nudus @ BPI (1)

Bothrodiscus pinicola @ BPI (6)

Clithris crispa @ BPI (1)

Metarhiziopsis microspora @ BPI (2)

Phialea crocea @ BPI (1)

Rehmiellopsis balsameae @ BPI (1)

Rhabdogloeum balsameum @ BPI (1)

Scoleconectria balsamea @ BPI (1)

Thyronectria balsamea @ BPI (1)

Toxosporium camptospermum @ BPI (1)

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.
Fraser fir

Image of Abies fraseri

General Information
Symbol: ABFR
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

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Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA, Mount Rogers. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NC, Avery Co. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 63. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PIFR Pinus fraseri Pursh

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Abies Mill. – fir
Species Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. – Fraser fir

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Tennessee Fraser fir Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ABFR)
Flora of North America (ABFR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ABFR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIFR)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ABFR)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ABFR)
Native Plants Network (ABFR)
The Center for Plant Conservation (ABFR)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ABFR)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ABFR)
Related Websites
CT-UConn Plant Database (ABFR)
Forestry Images (ABFR)
MO-Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (ABFR)
NC-Plant Fact Sheets (NCSU) (ABFR)
UK-Plants For A Future (ABFR)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (ABFR)
VA-Virginia Tech VTree ID (ABFR)
www.conifers.org (ABFR)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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5. Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poiret in Lamarck et al., Encycl. 5: 35. 1817.

Fraser fir, southern balsam fir

Pinus fraseri Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 2: 639. 1814

Trees to 25m; trunk to 0.75m diam.; crown spirelike. Bark gray, thin, smooth, with age developing appressed reddish scales at trunk base. Branches diverging from trunk at right angles; twigs opposite, pale yellow-brown, pubescence reddish. Buds exposed, light brown, conic, small, resinous, apex acute; basal scales short, broad, equilaterally triangular, glabrous, resinous, margins entire, apex sharp-pointed. Leaves 1.2--2.5cm × 1.5--2mm, 2-ranked, particularly in lower parts of tree, to spiraled, flexible; cross section flat, grooved adaxially; odor turpentinelike, strong; abaxial surface with (8--)10(--12) stomatal rows on each side of midrib; adaxial surface dark lustrous green, sometimes slightly glaucous, with 0--3 stomatal rows at midleaf, these more numerous toward leaf apex; apex slightly notched to rounded; resin canals large, ± median, away from margins and midway between abaxial and adaxial epidermal layers. Pollen cones at pollination reddish yellow or yellowish green. Seed cones cylindric, 3.5--6 ´ 2.5--4cm, dark purple overlaid with yellowish green bracts, sessile, apex round; scales ca. 0.7--1 ´ 1--1.3cm, pubescent; bracts exserted and reflexed over cone scales. Seeds 4--5 ´ 2--3mm, body brown; wing about as long as body, purple; cotyledons ca. 5. 2 n =24.

Mountain forests; of conservation concern; 1500m; N.C., Tenn., Va.

Some (e.g., B.F. Jacobs et al. 1984) have argued that Fraser fir is at the end of a disjunct cline of balsam fir and perhaps does not deserve separate specific status. A.E. Matzenko (1968) took the opposite view, classifying Fraser fir and balsam fir in different taxonomic series of the genus.

Updated: 2019-02-21 18:17:10 gmt
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