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Alphestes immaculatus Breder, 1936
PACIFIC MUTTON HAMLET
Pacific mutton-hamlet

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Alphestes

Alphestes immaculatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Alphestes immaculatus

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Alphestes immaculatus
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Alphestes immaculatus
Alphestes immaculatus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Alphestes immaculatus

Alphestes immaculatus
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Alphestes immaculatus
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Resumen
  • barras oscuras + manchitas blancas + puntos negros
  • pectoral: filas de manchitas

Guaseta cherna, Guaseta del Pacífico Oriental

Radios dorsales XI, 18; radios anales III, 9; radios pectorales 17; branquiespinas en el primer arco 21-24; una sola espina fuerte dirigida hacia adelante en el ángulo posteroinferior del preopérculo.

Color café herrumbre con manchas café más oscuras formando barras irregulares en los costados; también numerosas manchas pequeñas color crema y café oscuro y manchas de mayor tamaño color crema en la cabeza y el cuerpo; aletas pectorales con filas de manchitas oscuras.

Tamaño: alcanza 30 cm.

Hábitat: depredadores nocturnos sigilosos, que se esconden en hendiduras de rocas o entre la vegetación durante el día.

Profundidad: 3-32 m.

El sur de Baja y el Golfo de California a Perú central, y las Galápagos, Isla Malpelo e Isla del Coco.

Muy relacionado, y algunas veces se confunde, con A. afer del Oeste del Atlántico.


Attributes
Abundance: Común.
Cites: No listado.
Climate Zone: Templado Norte (Provincia de California y/o norte del Golfo de California); Subtropical Norteño (Provincia de Cortez + Brecha de Sinaloa); Tropical Norteño (Provincia Mejicana hasta Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Ecuatorial (Costa Rica hasta Ecuador + Galápagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); Templado Sureño (Provincia Peruviana).
Depth Range Max: 32 m.
Depth Range Min: 3 m.
Diet: peces óseos; crustáceos móviles bentónicos (camarones/cangrejos).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=30; Southern limit=-13; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-76; Latitudinal range=43; Longitudinal range=39.
Egg Type: Pelágico; Larva pelágica.
Feeding Group: Carnívoro.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Pacífico Oriental Tropical (POT) endémico; Pacífico Este endémico; Todas las especies.
Habitat: Macroalgas; Asociado a arrecife (arrecife + bordes-columna de agua y fondo suave); Rocas; Arrecife (rocoso y/o coralino); Arrecife solamente.
Inshore Offshore: Costeros; Solamente Costeros.
IUCN Red List: No evaluado / Listado.
Length Max: 30 cm.
Regional Endemism: Isla (s); Continente; Continente + Isla (s); POT endémico; Todas las especies.
Residency: Residente.
Salinity: Salobre; Marino.
Water Column Position: Fondo; Fondo solamente;


Names
Scientific source:

Vinculos a otros sitios

Literatura
  • Aburto-Oropeza , O. and Balart, E. F., 2001., Community structure of reef fish in several habitats of a rocky reef in the Gulf of California., Marine Ecology, 22:283-305.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Edgar, G.J. Banks, S., Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M. and Martínez, C., 2004., Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago., Journal of Biogeography, 31:1107-1124.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Heemstra , P.C. and Randall, J.E., 1993., Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue Vol. 16., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 125:I-viii, 1-382.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Hooker, Y., 1998., Fauna asociada a las aguas cálidas presentes en la Bahía de Pucusana durante El Niño 1997-98, Junio a Julio de 1997., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 85:3-20.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

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Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Alphestes immaculatus   Breder, 1936

Pacific mutton hamlet Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Alphestes immaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos     Google image Image of Alphestes immaculatus (Pacific mutton hamlet) Alphestes immaculatus
Picture by Lavan, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Alphestes: Greek, alphestes, -oy = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 89707 ).   Tropical; 32°N - 13°S, 115°W - 76°W (Ref. 5222 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: northern Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5222 ); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-19; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9. Preopercle rounded, the posterior edge distinctly serrate, with a large spine (usually covered with skin) projecting downward and forward at the angle. Color in life: head and body marbled reddish brown, with obscure bars and small dark and pale spots all over the head, body and median fins. Pectoral fins with 7 or 8 irregular transverse series of small dark spots (Ref. 5222 ); further characterized by having body depth less than or equal to head length, depth contained 2.3-2.8 times in standard length; caudal peduncle depth 11-12% of SL; eye diameter subequal to snout length, contained 4.1-5.5 times in HL; color in market: similar to color in life but color may fade to a buff, reticulations on pectoral fins usually remain (Ref. 89707 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A shallow water, cryptically colored, secretive species that inhabits seagrass areas. Also found in rocky reefs in depths of 1-50 m (Ref. 89707 ). Sedentary during the day, hiding in crevices or lying among seaweed, and rely on their effective camouflage to escape detection. Sometimes partly covering itself with sand. Nocturnal predators feeding mainly on benthic crustaceans.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall , 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 20.6 - 28.4, mean 25.9 (based on 66 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00560 - 0.02353), b=3.05 (2.89 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming Fec > 10,000). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .

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