D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Amanita muscaria (L. :Fr.) Lam. _ERROR_subsp. flavivolvata Singer
Life   Fungi   Basidiomycota   Amanitaceae   Amanita

Amanita muscaria, Fly Amanita
© Copyright Gail Starr 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria, Fly Amanita

Click on map for details about points.

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria

Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria

Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria

Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria

Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria

Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria

Amanita muscaria
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria, Fly Amanita
© Copyright Gail Starr 2011 · 4
Amanita muscaria, Fly Amanita

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Substrate @ BPI (105)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Hypocreaceae  Hypomyces hyalinus @ BPI (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from MushroomObserver.org
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://mushroomobserver.org/name/show_name/373

Following modified from MykoWeb
   Top | See original

California Fungi—Amanita muscaria Amanita muscaria
(Photo: © Michael Wood)

Amanita muscaria (L. per Fr.) Hooker
Flora Scotland 2: 19. 1821.

Photo: Amanita muscaria var. flavivolvata

Common Name: fly agaric

  • Pileus

    Cap 6-39 cm broad, rounded at first, then plane in age, surface viscid when moist; margin striate often with adhering partial veil fragments when young; cap red, usually with white warts but in one variety, yellow warts.

  • Lamellae

    Gills adnexed to free, white to cream, edges roughened.

  • Stipe

    Stipe white, 7-16 cm long, 2-3 cm thick, tapering to a bulbous base; partial veil membranous, breaking to form a superior skirt-like veil. Volva consisting of two to three concentric rings at the stipe base.

  • Spores

    Spores 9-13 x 6.5-9.5 µm elliptical, smooth, nonamyloid. Spore print white.

  • Habitat

    In the California, Amanita muscaria occurs primarily under pines, especially Monterey and Bishop pine. Fruitings occur in early winter, and can be spectacular, with large groups or rings brightening the woods. The Fly Agaric shares the pine habitat with the much sought after King Bolete, Boletus edulis . Some mushroom hunters thus use Amanita muscaria as an indicator species.

  • Edibility

    Toxic Toxic when raw. Contains ibotenic acid and muscimol.
    Edible The toxins are water soluble. Many persons have eaten this fungus, without ill effect, after parboiling the sliced mushroom and discarding the liquid. For more edibility information, see Rubel & Arora, Economic Botany 62(3), 2008 (the printed article has a mistake...it states "250 g or 4 oz", which are not equivalent, correction from Arora):

    "Cut the A. muscaria cap and stalk into thin slices (no more than 3-4 mm or 1/8" thick) to hasten dissolving of the active constituents. For each 110 g or 4 oz of mushroom, use 1 liter or quart of water with 1 teaspoon salt. Garlic and bay leaf can be added to the water for flavoring. Bring the water to a rolling boil, then add the sliced mushrooms. Begin timing the cooking once the water returns to a boil. Boil for 10-15 minutes, until the mushroom is soft, then drain and rinse."

  • Comments

    With its bright red, sometimes dinner plate-sized caps, Amanita muscaria is one of the most striking of all mushrooms. The white warts that adorn the cap, white gills, well developed ring and distinctive volva of concentric rings separate the Fly Agaric from all other red mushrooms. There are several color varieties of A. muscaria in the U.S. ranging from red to orange, yellow and white, but only two occur commonly in the Bay Area, Amanita muscaria var. muscaria with a red cap and white warts, and A. muscaria var. flavivolvata , with a red cap and yellowish warts. Photo at top is variety flavivolvata .

  • References

    Ammirati, J.F., Traquair, J.A. & Horgen, P.A. (1985). Poisonous Mushrooms of the Northern United States and Canada. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN. 396 p.
    Benjamin, D.R. (1995). Mushrooms: Poisons and Panaceas. W. H. Freeman: New York, NY. 422 p.
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Duffy, T.J. (2008). Toxic Fungi of Western North America. MykoWeb .
    Geml, J., Laursen, G.A., K., O., Nusbaum, C. & Taylor, D.L. (2006). Beringian origins and cryptic speciation events in the fly agaric ( Amanita muscaria ). Molecular Ecology 15: 225-239.
    Jenkins, D.T. (1977).
    A Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Study of the Genus Amanita and Section Amanita for North America. J. Cramer: Vaduz. 126 p.
    Jenkins, D.T.
    (1986). Amanita of North America. Mad River Press: Eureka, CA. 197 p.
    Jenkins, D.T. & Petersen, R.H. (1976). A neotype specimen for Amanita muscaria . Mycologia 68: 463-469.
    Rubel, W. & Arora, D. (2008). A Study of Cultural Bias in Field Guide Determinations of Mushroom Edibility Using the Iconic Mushroom, Amanita muscaria , as an Example. Economic Botany 62(3). ( PDF )
    Smith, A.H. (1949). Mushrooms in their Natural Habitats. Sawyer's Inc: Portland, OR. 626 p.
    Spoerke, D.G. & Rumack, B.H. (1994). Handbook of Mushroom Poisoning: Diagnosis and Treatment. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL. 456 p.
    Thiers, Harry D. (1982). The Agaricales (Gilled Fungi) of California. 1. Amanitaceae. Mad River Press: Eureka, CA. 53 p.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1996-2018 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens
A MykoWeb Page

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 73
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Amanita muscaria%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 6250 3041 1190 0083 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 9187 3302 4603 0040 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 9187 3302 4603 0044 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 9187 3302 4603 0041 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 6250 3041 1190 0085 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 1335 3153 0213 0010 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 6250 3041 1190 0084 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0103 0100 [detail]
© 2000 Jerry Murray

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 8203 3241 1758 0019 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 8203 3241 1758 0021 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 8203 3241 1758 0018 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0304 0493 [detail]
© 2004 Rex Bartlett

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 8203 3241 1758 0022 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly-agaric Mushroom
ID: 0000 0000 0900 0136 [detail]
© 1999 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 9187 3302 4603 0043 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 8203 3241 1758 0017 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 8203 3241 1758 0023 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly-agaric Mushroom
ID: 0000 0000 0900 0135 [detail]
© 1999 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 9187 3302 4603 0039 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0062 [detail]
© 2005 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0498 [detail]
© 2005 Dee E. Warenycia

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0196 [detail]
© 2007 John Pelafigue

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0611 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Wakelin

Amanita muscaria
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0612 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Wakelin

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+formosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+formosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Amanita muscaria var. formosa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Fly Amanita, Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0606 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Wakelin

Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Fly Amanita, Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0607 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Wakelin

Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Fly Amanita, Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0608 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Wakelin

Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Fly Amanita, Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0609 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Wakelin

Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Amanita muscaria var. formosa
Fly Amanita, Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0610 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Wakelin

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+alba&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+alba&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Amanita muscaria var. alba%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Amanita muscaria var. alba
Amanita muscaria var. alba
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1456 [detail]
© 2007 Ron Wolf

Amanita muscaria var. alba
Amanita muscaria var. alba
Fly Agaric, Fly Amanita
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1457 [detail]
© 2007 Ron Wolf

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+muscaria&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+muscaria&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Amanita muscaria var. muscaria%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Amanita muscaria var. muscaria
Amanita muscaria var. muscaria
ID: 9187 3302 4603 0042 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+guessowii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amanita+muscaria+var.+guessowii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Amanita muscaria var. guessowii%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Amanita muscaria var. guessowii
Amanita muscaria var. guessowii
American Eastern Yellow Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0515 2962 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Amanita muscaria var. guessowii
Amanita muscaria var. guessowii
American Eastern Yellow Fly Agaric
ID: 0000 0000 0515 2963 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2020-02-19 06:46:11 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation