Amaranthus hybridus L.
PRINCES FEATHER
Amaranth; Slim Amaranth; Spleen Amaranth; Wild Amaranth; Panicled Amaranth; Redshank; Wild Cabbage; Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd; Amaranthus patulus Bertol; Green Amaranth; Amaranthus paniculatus; Rough pigweed
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Amaranthaceae   Amaranthus

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Amaranthus hybridus
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus, habitat
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Amaranthus hybridus, habitat

Amaranthus hybridus, leaves
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Amaranthus hybridus, leaves
Amaranthus hybridus
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Amaranthus hybridus

Amaranthus hybridus
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus, branch and leaves
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Amaranthus hybridus, branch and leaves

Amaranthus hybridus
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Amaranthus hybridus

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo amaranthi @ BPI (3)

Albugo bliti @ BPI (21)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca plebeia @ III (2)
Glomosporiaceae  Thecaphora amaranthi @ BPI (1)

Thecaphora amaranthicola @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Taylorilygus apicalis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Amaranthus hybridus L. Smooth Amaranth
Amaranthaceae — Amaranth family
Non-native
Amaranthus hybridus
The backyard
October 2001

Search Google Delaware USDA

Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Amaranthus hybridus  L.

Green Amaranth

Amaranthus hybridus plant

Family - Amaranthaceae

Habit - Annual monoecious forb.

Stems - Ascending to erect, to 2 m, pubescent, unarmed.

Amaranthus hybridus stem Stem.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Blades 2-15 cm long, lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, bluntly or sharply pointed, often minutely notched at the tip, narrowed or tapered at the base, the surfaces sparsely to moderately pubescent, mostly along the veins with inconspicuous, crinkled, multicellular hairs, the upper surface sometimes glabrous or nearly so.

Amaranthus hybridus leaves Leaves.

Inflorescence - Dull or grayish green, occasionally reddish-tinged, axillary and terminal, the axillary inflorescences short spikes or less commonly dense globose clusters, the terminal inflorescence usually a panicle with numerous clusters of short, dense spikes branching along most of the axis, the flowers mostly continuous along the spikes, the tip often curved or nodding, the main axis and branches moderately to densely pubescent with mostly crinkled, multicellular hairs. Bracts 2-4 mm long, the main body similar in size to the fruits, but the entire structure (including the awnlike extension of the midrib) conspicuously longer than the fruits, lanceolate to ovate, narrowed or tapered to a sharply pointed tip, with a strongly thickened green midrib and narrow or broad, thin, papery margins, the midrib usually extending beyond the main body as a short awn, spinelike at maturity.

Amaranthus hybridus inflorescence A mature inflorescence.

Flowers - Staminate flowers with 5 sepals, these 1.5-2.3 mm long, straight, elliptic to oblong-ovate, sharply pointed, usually tapered to a short, awnlike extension of the midrib. Pistillate flowers with 5 sepals, these 1.5-2.3 mm long, otherwise similar to sepals of staminate flowers. Petals absent. Stamens 5. Stigmas 3, erect or less commonly somewhat spreading. Ovule 1.

Amaranthus hybridus flowers Flowers.

Fruits - Fruits 1.2-2.0 mm long, with circumscissile dehiscence, the surface finely wrinkled above the midpoint when dry. Seeds 0.8-1.2 mm in diameter, rounded along the rim, the surface reddish brown to more commonly black, shiny.

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Waste ground, cultivated fields, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to the U.S.?

Other info. - This weedy species can be found throughout Missouri and is quite common in the habitats mentioned above. The plant can get quite robust and attain a height of around 1 m.

A. hybridus is an edible plant which is best eaten when young. Traditionally the plant was used to treat a variety of ailments. A tea made from the leaves was thought to stop bleeding from ulcers and cure diarrhea.

Photographs taken off Main St., Ellington, MO., 7-18-04.


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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AMHY4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AMHY4
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Amaranthus hybridus × hypochondriacus [unnamed hybrid]
Plainsman amaranth


General Information
Symbol: AMHY4
Group: Dicot
Family: Amaranthaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : None
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Amaranthaceae – Amaranth family
Genus Amaranthus L. – pigweed
Species Amaranthus hybridus × hypochondriacus [unnamed hybrid] – Plainsman amaranth

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

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Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 411, 415, 421, 422, Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Amaranthaceae | Amaranthus

14. Amaranthus hybridus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 990. 1753.

Smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed, green amaranth, green pigweed, hybrid amaranth

Plants glabrous or glabrescent, or distal parts of stem and branches slightly pubescent when young. Stems erect, green or sometimes reddish purple, rarely under-developed plants ascending, branched to nearly simple, 0.3-2(-2.5) m. Leaves: petiole 1 /2 as long as to equaling blade; blade ovate, rhombic-ovate, or lanceolate, (2-)4-15 × (1-)2-6 cm, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margins entire, apex acute to obtuse, with mucro. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, erect or reflexed, occasionally nodding, green or olive green, occasionally with silvery or reddish purple tint, leafless at least distally, terrminal inflorescence often slightly nodding with numerous shorter branches at base. Bracts lanceolate-linear to subulate, 2-3.5(-4) mm, subequal to or 2 times as long as tepals } , apex spinescent. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, lanceolate to lanceolate-linear, subequal or unequal, 1.5-3 mm, membranaceous, apex acute or acuminate, gradually narrowing into aristate tip; style branches erect, shorter than body of fruit; stigmas 3. Staminate flowers at tips of inflorescences; tepals 5; stamens (4-)5. Utricles obovoid or elongate-ovoid, 1.5-2.5 mm, shorter than tepals, smooth proximally, lid verrucose or rugose, dehiscence regularly circumscissile, or rarely in some presumably hybrid forms, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. Seeds black to dark reddish brown, lenticular to lenticular-globose, 1-1.3 mm, smooth, shiny.

Flowering summer-fall. Waste places, agricultural and fallow fields, railroads, roadsides, riverbanks, other disturbed habitats; 0-2500 m; B.C., Man., N.S., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America; widely introduced or naturalized in tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate regions worldwide.

Originally a riverside pioneer in eastern North America, now Amaranthus hybridus is extremely abundant in agricultural fields and other disturbed habitats. Related cultivated species have been reported from the flora area, including A. caudatus, A. hypochondriacus , and A. cruentus ; there is no evidence that they are established; specimens identified as these species are often variants of A. hybridus .

Distribution of Amaranthus hybridus in North America needs clarification because the name was misapplied to other species, notably A. powellii, and specimens of A. retroflexus, A. powellii, and A. hybridus are frequently interchangeably misidentified. Forms of A. hybridus and A. powellii with reddish inflorescences are often misidentified as escaped and hence presumably naturalized, cultivated species A. caudatus Linnaeus, A. hypochondriacus Linnaeus, and A. cruentus Linnaeus.

Amaranthus hybridus is extremely variable. In particular, there are numerous North American specimens with subobtuse tepals and thick inflorescences, suggesting hybridization with A. retroflexus . In Europe such presumably hybrid forms are known as A. × ozanonii Thellung (A. Thellung 1914-1919).

A new, presumably hybridogenous taxon, Amaranthus × tucsonensis Henrickson, was recently described from Arizona (J. Henrickson 1999). It was suggested that one of its parents is A. hybridus ; the other parental species (probably a species with obtuse or spatulate tepals) remains unknown. The problem of proper taxonomic position and origin of A. × tucsonensis needs further study.

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amaranthus+hybridus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amaranthus+hybridus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 12
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Amaranthus hybridus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Redstem Poke
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0988 [detail]
© 2006 Adonis (Don) Tate

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Redstem Poke
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0990 [detail]
© 2006 Adonis (Don) Tate

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Redstem Poke
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0992 [detail]
© 2006 Adonis (Don) Tate

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Pigweed, Slim Amaranthus
ID: 0000 0000 0216 2273 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Pigweed, Slim Amaranthus
ID: 0000 0000 0216 2274 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Green Amaranth
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0754 [detail]
© 2016 Jean Pawek

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Green Amaranth
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0755 [detail]
© 2016 Jean Pawek

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Green Amaranth
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0756 [detail]
© 2016 Jean Pawek

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Green Amaranth
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0757 [detail]
© 2016 Jean Pawek

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Green Amaranth
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0758 [detail]
© 2016 Jean Pawek

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Green Amaranth
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0759 [detail]
© 2016 Jean Pawek

Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus hybridus
Green Amaranth
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0760 [detail]
© 2016 Jean Pawek

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