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Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810)
BULLET TUNA
Corseletted Frigate Mackerel; Long Corseletted Frigate Mackerel; Maru Frigate Mackerel; Auxis thazard Lacépède, 1800; Auxis ramsayi Castelnau, 1879; Auxis thynnoides Bleeker, 1855; Scomber rochei Risso, 1810; Bullet Mackerel

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scombridae   Auxis

Auxis rochei eudorax
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Auxis rochei eudorax

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Resumen
  • extensión posterior de corselet de escamas ancha
  • dorso: parche de líneas no alcanza debajo d1 o sobre pectoral

Barrilete melvera

Con dos aletas dorsales bien separadas, la primera con X-XI espinas largas; segunda aleta dorsal seguida por 8 aletitas; aletas pectorales cortas, no llegan a una línea vertical desde el margen anterior del área sin escamas del dorso; aleta anal seguida por 7 aletitas; cuerpo sin escamas, excepto por el corsé bien desarrollado, extension posterior del corsé es ancha.

Dorso azulado oscuro; parche de 15 o más barras oscuras más o menos anchas, casi verticales en el área sin escamas arriba de la línea lateral, empieza detrás de la 1ra aleta dorsal y la pectoral; vientre blanco.

Tamaño máximo, 55 cm.


Habita en aguas costeras y oceánicas, formando grandes cardúmenes.

Profundidad: 0-200 m.

Distribución mundial en mares tropicales y subtropicales. La subespecie A. rochei eudorax sólo se localiza en el Pacífico oriental; de California a la boca del Golfo de California a Perú, las islas Galápagos, Isla del Coco y Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Común.
Cites: No listado.
Climate Zone: Templado Norte (Provincia de California y/o norte del Golfo de California); Subtropical Norteño (Provincia de Cortez + Brecha de Sinaloa); Tropical Norteño (Provincia Mejicana hasta Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Ecuatorial (Costa Rica hasta Ecuador + Galápagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); Templado Sureño (Provincia Peruviana).
Depth Range Max: 200 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: peces óseos; pulpos/calamares/sepias; crustáceos pelágicos.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=-12; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-76; Latitudinal range=45; Longitudinal range=42.
Egg Type: Pelágico; Larva pelágica.
Feeding Group: Carnívoro.
FishBase Habitat: Pelágico.
Global Endemism: Pacífico Oriental Tropical (POT) endémico; Pacífico Este endémico; Todas las especies.
Habitat: Columna de agua.
Inshore Offshore: Oceánicos; Solamente Oceánicos.
IUCN Red List: No evaluado / Listado.
Length Max: 55 cm.
Regional Endemism: Isla (s); Continente; Continente + Isla (s); POT endémico; Todas las especies.
Residency: Residente.
Salinity: Marino; Solo Marino.
Water Column Position: Media Agua; Cerca de la Superficie; Superficie; Columna de agua solamente;


Names
Scientific source:

Vinculos a otros sitios

Literatura
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Collete , B. B. and Aadland, C. R., 1996., Revision of the frigate tunas (Scombridae, Auxis), with descriptions of two new subspecies from the eastern Pacific., Fishery Bulletin, 94:423-441.
  • Collette , B. B. and Nauen, C. E., 1983., Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. FAO species catalogue Vol. 2., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 125.
  • Collette, B.B., Reeb, C. and Block, B.A., 2001., Systematics of the tunas and mackerels (Scombridae)., Fish Physiology, 19:1-33.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Grove , J.S. and Lavenberg, R. J., 1997., The fishes of the Galápagos islands., Stanford University Press:863 pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Joseph , J. , Klawe , W. and Murphy, P., 1988., Tuna and Billfish - fish without a country., Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission:69.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Schaefer, K. M., 2001., Reproductive biology of tunas., Fish Physiology, 19:225-270.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1e725ffb-3288-48b6-be54-a23a98aada15 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1e725ffb-3288-48b6-be54-a23a98aada15
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » SCOMBROIDEI (Suborder) » SCOMBRIDAE (Family) » Auxis Cuvier, 1829 (Genus) » Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810)

Species Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810)

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CAAB : 37441027 Taxon concept Auxis_rochei last modified 2013-10-09 10:07:52.756

Species Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810)

Bullet Tuna , Corseletted Frigate Mackerel, Long Corseletted Frigate Mackerel, Maru Frigate Mackerel


Compiler and date details

8 May 2012 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, & John R. Paxton & Matthew M. Lockett

20 December 2006 - Dianne J. Bray, Douglass F. Hoese & John R. Paxton

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

 

Miscellaneous Literature Names

 

Introduction

Long confused with Auxis thazard , records of A. rochei from the southern coast of Australia may be misidentified A. thazard (Gomon 2008). See also Collette & Aadland (1996).

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Circumaustralian; tropical, temperate, circumglobal.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Timor Transition (1), Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northwest Province (4), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7), Southern Province (8), West Tasmania Transition (9)

Ecological Descriptors

Epipelagic, marine, neritic, oceanic province, pelagic.

 

General References

Collette, B.B. 2001. Scombridae. pp. 3721-3756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3729]

Collette, B.B. & Aadland, C.R. 1996. Revision of the frigate tunas (Scombridae, Auxis ), with descriptions of two new subspecies from the eastern Pacific. Fishery Bulletin (U.S.) 94 (3): 423-441 figs 1-13 [437] (recognises Indo-west-central Pacific form as A. rochei rochei )

Collette, B.B. & Nauen, C.E. 1983. FAO species catalogue. Scombrids of the world . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 2. Rome : FAO. 137 pp. 81 figs [29]

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast . Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [783-784]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [114] (761, as A. thynnoides )

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide . Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp. [98]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [443]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [443]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [48] (1405, as A. thynnoides )

 

Common Name References

Collette, B.B. & Nauen, C.E. 1983. FAO species catalogue. Scombrids of the world . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 2. Rome : FAO. 137 pp. 81 figs [29] ( Bullet Tuna , Long Corseletted Frigate Mackerel)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [114] (Maru Frigate Mackerel)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [443] (Corseletted Frigate Mackerel)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Bullet Tuna )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-May-2013 15-May-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Last modified: Wednesday, 9 October 2013 10:07:52 AM AEDT

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Scombridae  
 Genus Auxis  
  Auxis rochei rochei    rochei  (Risso, 1810) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Auxis bisus Auxis maru Auxis ramsayi Auxis rochei Auxis thazard Auxis thynnoides Auxis vulgaris Scomber bisus Scomber rochei Thunnus rocheanus Thynnus rocheanus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body robust, elongate and rounded. Teeth small and conical, in a single series. Body naked except for corselet, well developed in its posterior part, extending beyond of second dorsal-fin origin. Two dorsal fins, the first with X to XI spines, separated from the second by a long interspace, the second with 10 to 12 rays followed by 7 to 9 finlets; anal fin with 12 to 13 rays followed by 7 finlets; pectoral fins short, not reaching vertical line from anterior margin of scaleless area above corselet. A strong central keel on each side of caudal fin base between 2 smaller keels. Swimbladder absent. Back bluish, turning to deep purple or almost black on the head; belly white; a pattern of 15 or more fairly broad, nearly vertical dark bars in the scaleless area. 
Habitat: Adults are principally caught in coastal waters and around islands. Forms schools. Feeds on small fishes, particularly anchovies, crustaceans and squids. 
Distribution: Widespread in warm waters of Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans including the Mediterranean Sea. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in southern and eastern part. 
Utility: Marketed fresh and frozen and also dried or salted, smoked and canned. 
Name Code: 382485
  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Auxis&speciesname=rochei ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Auxis-rochei.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Auxis rochei   (Risso, 1810)

Bullet tuna Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Pictures | Google image Image of Auxis rochei (Bullet tuna) Auxis rochei
Picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Auxis: Greek, auxis = a variety of tunna (Ref. 45335 ) .

Issue
Issue on validity of subspecies: subspecies considered as valid in FB, elevated to species rank as Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810) in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Mar. 2011: Ref. 86697 ). Please send references, or more studies are needed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 10 - ? m (Ref. 9340 ).   Tropical; ? - 28°C (Ref. 168 ); 61°N - 51°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific (Western): including the Mediterranean Sea. The eastern Pacific population is recognized as subspecies Auxis rochei eudorax (Ref. 32349 ). Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 35 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-13; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 12 - 14. Back bluish, turning to deep purple or almost black on head. Scaleless area with pattern of 15 or more fairly broad, nearly vertical dark bars. Belly white. Pectoral and pelvic fins purple, their inner sides black. Body robust, elongate and rounded. Teeth small and conical, in a single series. Pectoral fins short, not reaching vertical line from anterior margin of scaleless area above corselet. A large, single-pointed flap (interpelvic process) between pelvic fins. Body naked except for corselet, which is well developed in its posterior part 9 more than 6 scales wide under second dorsal-fin origin). A strong central keel on each side of caudal-fin base between 2 smaller keels (Ref 9684).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are principally caught in coastal waters and around islands (Ref. 9340 ). Form schools. Feed on small fishes, particularly anchovies, crustaceans (especially crab and stomatopod larvae) and squids. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769 ). Because of their abundance, they are considered an important element of the food web, particularly as forage for other species of commercial interest. Also caught with encircling nets and troll lines (Ref. 9340 ). Marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 9340 ) and also dried or salted, smoked and canned (Ref. 9987 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Fecundity ranges between 31,000 and 103,000 eggs per spawning according to the size of the fish.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and C.R. Aadland , 1996. Revision of the frigate tunas (Scombridae, Auxis ), with descriptions of two new subspecies from the eastern Pacific. Fish. Bull. 94(3):423-441. (Ref. 32349 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 13.6 - 29, mean 26 (based on 6786 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00814 - 0.01121), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.3   ±0.67 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.32; tm=2; Fec=31,000-103,000). Prior r = 1.15, 2 SD range = 0.68 - 1.92, log(r) = 0.14, SD log(r) = 0.26, Based on: 1 M, 3 K, 1 tgen, records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

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