Bidens frondosa L.
BEGGARTICKS
Devils beggartick
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Bidens

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Bidens frondosa
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Bidens frondosa

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Bidens frondosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Bidens frondosa

Bidens frondosa, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Bidens frondosa, whole plant - in flower - general view
Bidens frondosa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Bidens frondosa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Bidens frondosa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Bidens frondosa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Bidens frondosa, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Bidens frondosa, stem - showing leaf bases

Bidens frondosa, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Bidens frondosa, leaf - unspecified
Bidens frondosa, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Bidens frondosa, seed

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (6)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (8)
Apidae  Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta decidua @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Mollisia atrata @ BPI (1)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma compositarum @ BPI (1)

Entyloma frondosa @ BPI (1)

Entyloma guaraniticum @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (3)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (1)

Sphaerotheca castagnei @ BPI (20)

Sphaerotheca fuscata @ BPI (1)

Sphaerotheca humuli @ 604331B (1); BPI (62); 604331C (1); 604331A (1)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora umbrata @ 442087A (1); 442087B (1); BPI (6)

Ramularia concomitans @ BPI (3)

Septocylindrium concomitans @ BPI (5)
Pentatomidae  Perillus bioculatus @ AMNH_IZC (8)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora halstedii @ BPI (1)

Plasmopara halstedii @ BPI (38)
Protomycetaceae  Protomyces gravidus @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia obtecta @ BPI (4)
_  Brachonidae @ PN- (1)

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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to pick18.pick.uga.edu:80 http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p?see=I_USID69&res=320

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Bidens frondosa L. Devil's Tick-seed
Asteraceae — Aster family
Native
Bidens frondosa
Bucktoe Creek Preserve
September 2009

Guide to Bidens of Delaware

Search Google Delaware USDA

Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Bidens frondosa L.

Beggar-Ticks, Sticktight

Bidens frondosa plant2

Family - Asteraceae

Habit - Annual forb, usually taprooted.

Stems - Ascending to erect, to 80 cm, branching, 4-angled (the angles rounded), fluted, essentially glabrous but sometimes with sparsely hairy nodes in upper portions, typically purple.

Bidens frondosa stem

Leaves - Opposite, petiolate, mostly compound. Petiole to 5 cm long, with an adaxial groove (groove curly pubescent within), the rest of the petiole glabrous or with very sparse short pubescence. Lateral leaflets on stalks to 5-6 mm long, basally oblique. Terminal leaflets on stalks to 2.5 cm long, larger than lateral leaflets, sometimes unequally divided. All leaflets sharply toothed, lanceolate, acuminate, usually glabrous above and pubescent below, to 10 cm long, 4 cm broad, light green below, deep dull green above.

Bidens frondosa leaf1 Leaf adaxial.

Bidens frondosa leaves

Inflorescence - Solitary terminal heads or loose clusters of heads.

Bidens frondosa inflorescence Inflorescence.

Heads - Involucre with the outer series of 5-8 bracts 5-25 mm long, ascending to spreading, leaflike, linear to narrowly oblanceolate, the margins entire but with short, spreading hairs, at least toward the base, the outer surface glabrous or sparsely and minutely hairy, especially toward the base; the inner series of 6-12 bracts 5-9 mm long, oblong to narrowly ovate or ovate, glabrous. Chaffy bracts thin and translucent, narrowly oblong to oblong-lanceolate, with narrow to broad, yellowish margins but sometimes purplish-tinged at the tip, glabrous.

Bidens frondosa involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Usually absent.

Disk flowers - 20-100 per head, the corollas 2.5-4.0 mm long, 5-lobed, yellow, glabrous. Pappus of 2 awns 2-7 mm long, these with downward-pointed barbs (upward-pointed elsewhere), erect to somewhat spreading at fruiting. Stamens 5, fused at apex of contracted portion of corolla tube. Filaments glabrous, whitish, 1.3 mm long. Anthers partially exserted, 1 mm long, purplish. Style exserted, bifurcate, yellowish at apex (stigmas).

Bidens frondosa flower

Fruits - Achenes 5-12 mm long, with 2 retrorsely-barbed awns, wedge-shaped to oblong-obovate, often slightly 3- or 4-angled (1 or both faces sometimes with a broad, low longitudinal angle or ridge), the angles with minute, stiff, usually ascending hairs, the faces dark brown to black, moderately to densely pubescent with fine, more or less appressed hairs.

Flowering - August - October.

Habitat - Wet ground, streambanks, pond margins, sloughs, bottomlands, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Lookalikes - Bidens vulgata , B. tripartita , and B. discoidea appear similar, having flowering heads which lack rays florets. Differentiation from Bidens vulgata in particular can be difficult.

Other info. - This species of Bidens occurs throughout Missouri, and also throughout much of the U.S. and into Canada. It is common in wet places but is inconspicuous, with the flowering heads usually lacking ray florets. Even when present, these are small and few in number. Differentiation of this plant from the very similar B. vulgata hinges on the number of spreading involucral bracts. Bidens frondosa should have 5-8 of these, whereas B. vulgata has a larger number (10-21). The plant described above has been called B. frondosa var. frondosa f. frondosa which has the retrorse barbs on its awns. Form anomala (Porter) Fern. has barbs which are antrorse on the awns. This latter form has not been found in Missouri.

Because this species grows close to water, it is eaten by muskrats. The achenes are eaten by ducks. Late in the season, the achenes announce their presence to humans by embedding large numbers of themselves into socks and clothing.

Photographs taken at The Summit Conference Center, Brown Summit, NC., 9-14-01, and along the shores of the Current River, Shannon County, MO., 9-20-03 (DETenaglia); also at Cuivre River State Park, Lincoln County, MO, 8-25-2008, and Salt Lick Point, Monroe County, IL, 9-26-2011 (SRTurner).


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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BIFR ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BIFR
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BIFR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BIFR
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Bidens frondosa L.
devil's beggartick

Image of Bidens frondosa

General Information
Symbol: BIFR
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
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image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Bidens thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA, Arlington. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 497. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BIFRA Bidens frondosa L. var. anomala Porter ex Fernald
BIFRC Bidens frondosa L. var. caudata Sherff
BIFRP Bidens frondosa L. var. pallida Wiegand
BIFRS Bidens frondosa L. var. stenodonta Fernald & H. St. John

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Bidens L. – beggarticks
Species Bidens frondosa L. – devil's beggartick

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Bidens frondosa bur marigold devil's beggarticks devil's bootjack pitchfork weed sticktights tickseed sunflower This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACW
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BIFR)
CalPhotos (BIFR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BIFR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BIFRA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BIFRC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BIFRP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BIFRS)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BIFR)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (BIFR)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (BIFR)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BIFR)
University of Washington Burke Museum (BIFR)
Related Websites
IL-Weeds of the North Central States (BIFR)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA Vol. 21 Page 204 , 207, 211, 212 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Bidens

10. Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 832. 1753.

Bident feuillu

Bidens frondosa var. anomala Porter ex Fernald; B. frondosa var. caudata Sherff; B. frondosa var. pallida (Wiegand) Wiegand; B. frondosa var. stenodonta Fernald & H. St. John; B. melanocarpa Wiegand

Annuals, (10—)20—60(—180) cm. Leaves: petioles 10—40(—60) mm; blades deltate to lance-ovate overall, 30—80(—150+) × 20—60(—100+) mm, 3(—5)-foliolate, leaflets petiolulate, lanceolate to lance-ovate, (15—)35—60(—120) × (5—)10—20(—30) mm, bases cuneate, margins dentate to serrate, sometimes ciliate, apices acuminate to attenuate, faces glabrous or hirtellous. Heads usually borne singly, sometimes in 2s or 3s or in open, corymbiform arrays. Peduncles 10—40(—80+) mm. Calyculi of (5—)8(—10) ascending to spreading, spatulate or oblanceolate to linear, sometimes ± foliaceous bractlets or bracts 5—20(—60) mm, margins usually ciliate, abaxial faces glabrous or hirtellous. Involucres campanulate to hemispheric or broader, 6—9 × 7—12 mm. Phyllaries 6—12, oblong or ovate to lance-ovate, 5—9 mm. Ray florets 0 or 1—3+; laminae golden yellow, 2—3.5 mm. Disc florets 20—60(—120+); corollas ± orange, 2.5—3+ mm. Cypselae blackish to brown or stramineous, ± obcompressed, obovate to cuneate, outer 5—7 mm, inner 7—10 mm, margins antrorsely or retrorsely barbed, apices ± truncate to concave, faces usually 1-nerved, sometimes tuberculate, glabrous or sparsely hirtellous; pappi of 2 ± erect to spreading, antrorsely or retrorsely barbed awns 2—5 mm. 2 n = 24, 48, 72.

Flowering (Jun—)Aug—Sep(—Oct). Moist woods, meadows, thickets, fields, roadsides, railroads, borders of streams, ponds, sloughs, swamps, ditches; 10—2000 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Mexico; introduced, Europe.

Infusions and tinctures of Bidens frondosa are rated as outstanding herbal therapies for irritation, inflammation, pain, and bleeding of the urinary tract mucosa and are used for benign prostatic hypertrophy and increasing excretion of uric acid, decreasing the risk of gout attacks, as well as other medical uses (M. Moore 1993).

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Bidens+frondosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Bidens+frondosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 45
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Bidens frondosa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick
ID: 0000 0000 0402 0026 [detail]
© 1996 Dan Post

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Sticktight
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0745 [detail]
© 2003 Penn Martin II

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Sticktight
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0747 [detail]
© 2003 Penn Martin II

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Sticktight
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0744 [detail]
© 2003 Penn Martin II

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Sticktight
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0746 [detail]
© 2003 Penn Martin II

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1276 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1277 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1278 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1279 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Bur Marigold
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1050 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Bur Marigold
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1051 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Bur Marigold
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1052 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Bur Marigold
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1053 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Bur Marigold
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1054 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Bur Marigold
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1055 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Beggar Ticks
ID: 0000 0000 0310 0085 [detail]
© 2010 Tommaso Sitzia

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1552 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1553 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1554 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1555 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1556 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Bur Marigold
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1077 [detail]
© 2008 Zoya Akulova

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
Sticktight
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1560 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Bidens frondosa
Bidens frondosa
ID: 0000 0000 0911 1322 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

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