Bombus fervidus (Fabricius, 1798)
  Apoidea   Apidae   Bombus
Subgenus: Thoracobombus

Bombus fervidus, female, face 2012-07-25-12.36.59
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Bombus fervidus, female, face 2012-07-25-12.36.59

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Bombus fervidus, Mid-Atlantic Phenology
© Copyright source/photographer · 9
Bombus fervidus, Mid-Atlantic Phenology

Bombus fervidus, Male antenna face hair
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Bombus fervidus, Male antenna face hair

Bombus fervidus, W-face
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Bombus fervidus, W-face

Bombus fervidus, W-malar space
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Bombus fervidus, W-malar space

Bombus fervidus Golden Northern Bumble Bee
© Copyright Hadel Go 2014-2015 · 9
Bombus fervidus Golden Northern Bumble Bee

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queen Antenna Elbowed
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Tergum 1 Yellow
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IDnature guides
Overview
Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1962 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 152.

QUEEN�Length 19-21 mm., breadth of abdomen 9.5 mm.; black, including legs, spurs and tegulae; wings deeply infuscated, veins brownish to piceous; apical margins of abdominal terga narrowly yellowish-hyaline, pubescence copious, rather elongate in general, largely black on head but with a small amount of greyish pubescence intermixed in the black just above antennae; pubescence yellow, long and dense on pronotum, tubercles, pleura above, anterior half of scutum and entire scutellum, black on posterior half of scutum, pleura below and posteriorly, propodeum, and legs in large part; corbicular fringe of elongate black hairs; basitarsus covered with extremely fine pale tomentum which does not quite hide the surface, fringed posteriorly with black hairs, those toward the base more elongate; pubescence yellow on abdominal terga 1-4, black on 5 and 6; clypeus closely and deeply punctate laterally and above, the interspaces in part very minutely punctate, being thus doubly punctate, the median apical area shining and largely impunctate; labrum rather broadly rounded or sub- truncate, elevated basally on each side of midline where t is somewhat excavated, with a median, transverse row of short, fuscous hairs; apex of mandible with a deep notch at upper angle, and a finer notch just below, otherwise broadly rounded, outer face smooth, somewhat shining but minutely roughened; malar space smooth and shining, with scattered, very minute punctures, considerably longer than basal width of mandible, the eye about three and one-half times longer; lateral ocelli very slightly nearer eyes than to each other, and slightly nearer each other than to margin of vertex; median area of face very closely and finely punctate, punctures becoming more deep, distinct and coarse above, surface around ocelli more or less shining and impunctate, vertex finely and densely punctate medially, becoming somewhat more distinctly and finely punctate laterally; antennal scape somewhat more than half length of flagellum, basal segment of flagellum slightly shorter than segments 2 and 3 combined, slightly shorter than 3; posterior margin of hind basitarsus very slightly curved; tergum 6 narrowly rounded apically, rather flat, somewhat shining, minutely punctate.

WORKER�Length 10.5-ill mm., width of abdomen 4-6.5 mm.; similar to queen except for size, but clypeus not so definitely doubly punctate, with a much broader median area that is shining and largely impunctate.

MALE�Length 11-20 mm., breadth of abdomen 5-7 mm.; black, including legs, spurs and tegulae piceous; wings lightly infuscated, veins testaceous to piceous; apical margins of abdominal terga 1-5 narrowly yellowish-hyaline; pubescence copious and elongate, largely black on head, but face and cheeks with some obscure, short, greyish pubescence intermixed at base of the elongate black hairs, and a few yellowish hairs intermixed among the black on vertex; pubescence yellow on pronotum, anterior half of scutum, scutellum, pleura in large part, and propodeum, black on posterior half of scutum, resulting in a conspicuous black interalar band; basal segments of legs with more or less intermixed dark and light pubescence, but largely black on tibiae and tarsi, hind tibiae somewhat dilated apically, with very short, black hairs fringing both anterior and posterior margins; pubescence bright yellow, short and dense on abdominal terga 1-5, largely black on 6 and 7; clypeus closely and rather finely punctate laterally and above, median apical area shining and largely impunctate, punctures of two distinct sizes; labrum rather broadly rounded, narrowly shining and impunctate across base, elsewhere closely and rather finely punctate; mandibles very small and slender, distinctly bidentate at apex, the dorsal tooth somewhat smaller than the other, outer face densely pale tomentose, lower margin fringed with long, curved, fuscous hairs; malar space smooth and shining, with a few scattered, minute punctures, considerably longer than basal width of mandible, eyes slightly less than four times as long; median area of face finely and closely punctate, becoming shining and sparsely punctate above, largely impunctate beneath anterior ocellus and adjacent to lateral ocelli, vertex very densely punctate medially, becoming more distinctly and rather coarsely punctate laterally; basal segment of flagellum distinctly longer than segment 2, 3 nearly twice as long as 2; hind basitarsus very slightly narrowed toward base; genital armature as shown (fig. 130).

DISTRIBUTION � Quebec and New Brunswick to Georgia, west to the Pacific Coast, May to October.

FLOWER RECORDS�Cirsium, Helianthus and Vaccinium. Brittain and Newton (1933) record fervidus on Amelanchier, Caragana, Daucus, Lonicera, Muscari, Narcissus, Phleum, Pyrus malus, Salix, Taraxacum and Tulipa.

Kinds
Extracted from Jonathan Koch, James Strange, Paul Williams. 2012. Bumble Bees of the Western United States. A product of the U.S. Forest Service and the Pollinator Partnership with funding from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Yellow bumble bee

Status: Common in the western U.S., possibly declining in the eastern U.S.

Select food plant genera: Cirsium, Penstemon, Phacelia, Helianthus, Dipsacus, Trifolium

Tongue Length: Long

Distribution: Found throughout most of the continental U.S. except for west of the Sierra-Cascade Crest; may be conspecific with B. californicus

Can be confused with the yellow form of B. californicus as well as B. appositusThorax anterior to black band between wing bases yellow, scutellum and T1-4 completely yellow, T5 black, face long.

Mid leg basitarsus with the distal posterior corner sharply pointed (may be hidden by hair). Cheek longer than broad. Hair of the face and top of head predominantly black with yellow sometimes intermixed. On the side of the thorax, the lower anterior surface predominantly yellow, corbicular fringes black. Hair length short and even.


Identification
Extracted from Bumble Bees and Cuckoo Bumble Bees of California by Thorp, R. (1983).

Aplsfervida Fabricius, 1798, Sup!. EntomoL System., p. 274. w. Lectotype w, no locality (Univ. Zool. Mus., Copenhagen, Denmark) (selected by Milliron, 1960). Geographic range (Map 8). Southern Canada and most of the United States, except the extreme south; New Brunswick to Georgia W to British Columbia and eastern California. but may be separated from jervidus by having more lemon-yellow hair and some black hair medially and laterally on metasomal tergites 1 to 3. No females in California can be assigned to consanguineus. Thus, its subspecific status is not appropriate. Hobbs (1966a) described the biology of B. cali-fornicus and documented the ecological differences in nest habitats for caltfbrnicus (wooded areas of the foothills) and Jervidus (prairie) in southern Alberta. He also found that Psithyrus insubris and P. suckleyi females had invaded nests of B. caltfbr-nicus% and the former species produced some adults. Bombus jervidus (Fabricius) (Figs. 8, 59, 84, 110, 136; Map 8) Aplsfervida Fabricius, 1798, Sup!. EntomoL System., p. 274. w. Lectotype w, no locality (Univ. Zool. Mus., Copenhagen, Denmark) (selected by Milliron, 1960). Geographic range (Map 8). Southern Canada and most of the United States, except the extreme south; New Brunswick to Georgia W to British Columbia and eastern California.
California records. ALPINE CO.: Fredericksbutg; Hope Valley; Monitor Pass; Woodfords. INYO CO.: Big Fine; Bishop, 5 km E; Carroll Creek; Glacier Lodge, Big Pine; Independence; Laws; Lone Pine; Long Valley; Oak Creek; Pine Creek, Round Valley, NW of Bishop; Westsard Pass Plateau. LASSEN Co.: Doyle, 3 km S; Hallelujah Junction; Honey Lake, 5 km N Milford; Litchfield, 18 km N; McArthur, 11 km E; Ravendale, 6.5 km S; Susanville. Moooc Co.: Alturas, 8 km E, and 32 km N; Fort Bidwell, 13 km N; Canby, 3 km E; Cedarville; Davis Creek; Goose Lake; Lake City; NeweH; Saddleblanket Flat MONO Co.: Benton Crossing, Mono Geysers; Black Lake; Bridgeport; Coleville; Cottonwood Creek; Crowley Lake; Grant Lake; Leavitt Meadow; McGee Creek; Mono Lake, 16 km N Lee Vining; Sar�dine Creek; Tom's Place; Topaz Lake; Whiskey Creek; Whit-more Springs. NEVADA CO.: Truckee. PLUMAS CO.: Quincy, 6.5 km W; Vinton, 10.S km S. SHASTA CO.: Carbon; McArthur, and 11 km E SIERRA Co.: Satttey; Sierraviile. SISKIYOU CO.: Etna, 3 km W; Gazelle; Lower Klamath Lake; Macdoel; Montague; Mt. Hebron, and 11 km S; Tulelake, and 34 km S; Willow Creek. Seasonal flight period (Fig. 8). QUEENS (272): early April to late October. WORKERS (529): early May to late October. MALES (232): early July to early October. Fbwer records. QUEENS (118): Leguminosae 84%. WORKERS (146): Composite 55%; Leguminosae 27%. MALES (86): Com-positae 98%. Total: 350 in 15 families with 34 genera as follows: Althaea: 9w; Aster: lw, lm; Astragalus: 30q, 8w; Baptisia: 2w; Calendula: lm; Caragana: 62q, 5w; Carduus: 2m;

Chrysoihamnta: 8m; Cintum: 6q, 60w, 51m; Cleome: lw, Im; Digitalis: lw, Eptiobium: lw; Geranium: lq; Grindella: lq, Iw; Heitanihus: I6w, 17rn; Hypericum: 2w; Iris: 2q; Lci/rynn: 2w; Ltnaria: 7w; Lupinus: 8w; Mcdicago: lq, 2w; Melthtus: 4w; Afenttefw: lw; Penwemon: lq; Phacelia: lq; Prenanrfte: Iw; /?Aus: lq, Sajtr: Iw; Solidago: 4m; Stachys: Jw; Trifblium: lq, 3w; ktcta: 5q, 6w, Im; (tlrfeefa: 6q; Wyethia: lq. Discussion. B. fervithts is most closely related to 5. callfornicus, and may be separated from it by the characters listed in the discussion of that species. The color pattern of B. fervidus is uniform in California. The biology of this species is discussed by Hobbs (1966a). He found two Psithyrus insuiaris females in B. Jervidus nests, but no adults were produced, and that the conopid fly Physocephala texana killed two queens.

Extracted from: Laverty T.M., & Harder L.D., (1988). The Bumble Bees of Eastern Canada. Can. Ent. 120: 965-987.

Description. Body size medium to large for queen and male; workers of all sizes repre- sented. Head elongate; malar space about 1.5 times longer than broad in female, 1.25 times longer than wide in male. Tongue long. Colour as in Figure 20. In some individuals of all castes, the interalar band is indistinctly defined toward the wing bases with yellow and black hairs intermixed; in a few individuals the band is reduced to a trace of black pile between wing bases.

Extracted from: Milliron H.E., (1973). A Monograph of the Western Hemisphere Bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Bombinae). The Entomological Society of Canada, No. 89.


Megabombus fervidus fervidus

Description. Queen. Length, 22.0 mm; width at wing bases, 8.5 mm; abdomen, 11.0 mm, width across T2, 9.5 mm; front wing length, 17.0 mm, width, 6.0 mm. Head: Frontal outline (excluding mouthparts) trapezoidal, weakly evenly arcuate over occiput, the temples rather strongly rounded, the median height somewhat greater than widest dimension, the inclined vertical region irregularly and closely punctate for the most part except most of ocellar half of ocellocular area impunctate; ocelli nearly equal in size and shape, about as far from each other as their diameter, situated in a weakly curved line, the lateral ones nearly touching supraorbital line; compound eyes considerably more broadly rounded below than above, their inner margins for the most part subparallel; malar space about 1£ times as long as distance between (and including) mandibular articulations, for the most part weakly convex and with only few microscopic punc­ tures; labrum subrectangular, about twice as wide as its greatest thickness, the ventral margin evenly arcuate, the blunt conical tubercles not strongly produced but rather coarsely punctate, the intertubercular depression distinct but not especially deep; flagellum nearly twice as long as scape, FI nearly twice as long as quadrate F2 and equal to F2 and 3 combined; clypeus rather strongly and evenly convex, somewhat wider below than its median height, well covered with irregular medium punctures except less so medially below. Legs: Mesobasitarsite nearly 4 times longer than widest dimension, widely concave mid-longitudinally, the spinate distoposterior angle ex­ tended noticeably beyond blunt distoanterior angle; outer surface of hind tibia rather sharply convex mid-longitudinally from base to near distal third, nearly entirely smooth, the widest part not exceeding the length of longest hairs of corbicular fringe; metabasitarsite subrectangular, the outer surface shallowly concave mid-longitudinally, the widest part about equal to longest hairs of posterior fringe (longest on proximal two-thirds of margin), the posterior margin nearly straight except arcuate at very base, the distal angles similar to those of mesobasitarsite but distoposterior angle more rounded and not spinate. Pubescence: Compact, medium in length, even except somewhat longer on scutellum posteriorly, laterally on abdominal T1 and on T5; corbicular fringe of medium length, rather dense and even throughout, the few distal hairs the most strongly arcuate; metabasitarsal posterior fringe longest proximally to medium in length distally. Color: Head (except for trace of some pale pile above antennal bases), approximate lower third (sometimes most) of thoracic pleura above leg bases (and most of metapleura), legs, band of medium width between wing bases, abdominal T5-6 and the venter black; remainder of body canary yellow. Wings uniformly deeply infuscated to blackish with slight violaceous re­flection.

Worker. Length, 12.5 mm; width at wing bases, 5.5 mm; abdomen, 6.0 mm, width across T2, 6.0 mm; front wing length, 12.5 mm, width, 4.0 mm. Usually, except for size difference, the structural features of this caste are proportionately similar to or like those given for the queen. The color is also the same except the thoracic pleural yellow is (usually) more extensive below so as to cover all or nearly all that region. The wings are noticeably less infuscated and lack the violaceous reflection often noted in the queen.

Male. Length, 17.0 mm; width at wing bases, 7.0 mm; abdomen, 9.0 mm, width across T2, 6.0 mm; front wing length, 14.0 mm, width, 5.0 mm. Head: Frontal outline (excluding mouth- parts) trapezoidal, the median height about equal to widest dimension; vertical region weakly convex and largely covered with irregular small to medium punctures; ocellar half of ocellocular area mostly smooth, the ocular half (typically) with few small punctures; ocelli removed from one another by little less than their diameter, situated in a weak arc just below supraorbital line; compound eyes little more broadly rounded below than above, their inner margins subparallel; malar space about 1£ times as long as distance between (and including) mandibular articulations, weakly convex, noticeably punctate over upper half; labrum near twice as wide as thickest part, the ventral margin straight except arcuate at lateral corners, the callosities weak; clypeus rather evenly convex, not densely pubescent, almost entirely covered with small to medium punctures except less so medially below; flagellum about 3 times longer than scape, with none of its seg­ ments any more than only slightly crenulate, FI subequal to F3 but nearly li times longer than quadrate F2 and combined with latter only little longer than F3. Legs: Mesobasitarsite nearly rectangular, slightly less than 4 times longer than greatest width, the outer surface broadly con­cave mid-longitudinally, the distal end not deeply emarginate and with both angles nearly equally extended, neither sharply pointed; outer surface of hind tibia somewhat minutely alutaceous and for the most part rather evenly convex throughout; metabasitarsite much broader than meso­ basitarsite (also much broader than longest hairs of posterior fringe), otherwise similar except posterior margin weakly evenly arched from base to near distal end. Pubescence: Except for being somewhat looser, that on the body is very similar to that given for the queen; posterior fringe of mesobasitarsite short and rather even; posterior fringe of hind tibia rather dense, com­ prised of short and some intermixed longer (about twice as long) hairs; metabasitarsal posterior fringe short and even throughout, or nearly so (c/. this sex with that of M. (M .) pennsylvanicus). Genitalia, seventh and eighth abdominal sterna (PI. XIII). Color: Very much like that given for the queen except (usually) the black interalar band is narrower and less definitive, the pile on coxae, trochanters, femora and on the abdominal venter is largely pallid yellow instead of being black, and at least the distal half of abdominal T6 and all of T7 is black with the preceding terga being yellow. Wings (often) paler than those of the worker and rarely approaching the degree of infuscation normally apparent in the queen.

Megabombus fervidus californicus subspecies of Bombus fervidus

Description. This taxon does not differ morphologically from the nominate subspecies, either in specific characters or in the physical condition of the pubescence.


Queen, Worker. Color: Typical specimens have the thoracic dorsum anteriad of wing bases and extending noticeably ventrad of tegulae, and abdominal T4 yellow; head, remainder of body and legs black (often yellow in varying degree is evident laterally on the scutellum); wings deeply infuscated much as in f. fervidus. Usually very variable (cf. under Comments).

Male. Color: Typical specimens have the thoracic dorsum anterior to wing bases, thoracic pleura in front (often extending downward to or near leg bases), abdominal T4 at least for the most part yellow (although often some yellowish pile might also occur distally or distolaterally on T1 and 3); head, remainder of body for the most part, and legs black; wings distinctly paler than those of queen and worker. Genitalia, seventh and eighth abdominal sterna as in f. fervidus (PI. XIII).

Megabombus fervidus sonomae subspecies of Bombus fervidus

Description. This taxon does not differ from the nominate subspecies in any of its morphological features.

Queen, Worker. Color: Head, most of thoracic pleura, rather broad interalar band, ab­ dominal T5-6, venter and legs black, remainder of thorax and abdomen rather deep (golden) yellow; extent of yellow pattern on the thoracic dorsum anterior of wing bases like that of /. californicus except sometimes extended a little farther downward especially on the worker; interalar band normally noticeably wider (front to rear) especially medially than that of /. fervidus; sometimes sparse black hairs intermixed with the yellow anterior of interalar band and on the scutellum. Wings rather dark brownish black throughout.

Male. Color: Head black except for some fine intermixed pale pubescence; thorax similar to that of f. californicus except for somewhat deeper yellow that extends a little farther downward on the anterior part of thoracic pleura and covers the scutellum, and a small patch of yellowish pile occurs beneath bases of hind wings; some black hairs intermixed with the yellow on thoracic dorsum anterior to wing bases and with that on scutellum, a rather wide interalar black band present; mid- and hind coxae, trochanters and femora with predominantly pale pubescence, other­ wise legs black; abdomen covered with rather deep yellow above except, paler on Tl, at extreme sides of all abdominal terga and on venter; abdominal T7 predominantly black with some inter­ mixed pale hairs. Wings somewhat paler than those of the queen or worker. Genitalia, seventh and eighth abdominal sterna as in f. fervidus (PI. XIII).


Names
Scientific source:

Supported by
Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amaryllidaceae  Narcissus @ LACM_ENTB (2)
Apiaceae  Foeniculum vulgare @ EMEC (1)
Apocynaceae  Asclepias eriocarpa @ EMEC (1)
Asparagaceae  Asparagus officinalis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Chlorogalum pomeridianum @ EMEC (6)
Asteraceae  Achillea @ EMEC (1)

Arctium sp @ BBSL__JPS (1)

Artemisia @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Aster sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Aster @ AMNH_BEE (2); CUIC_ENT (1)

Calendula @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Carduus nutans @ BMEC_ENT (1)

Carduus @ AMNH_BEE (2); UCRC_ENT (2)

Centaurea repens @ BBSL__JPS (2); BBSL (1)

Centaurea solstitialis @ EMEC (10)

Centaurea sp @ BBSL__JPS (6)

Centaurea @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Chrysothamnus nauseosus @ BBSL__JPS (6)

Chrysothamnus sp @ BBSL__JPS (2)

Chrysothamnus @ BMEC_ENT (1)

Cichorium intybus @ PN- (2)

Cirsium arvense @ BBSL__JPS (11); B_AW (1); UCMS_ENT (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Cirsium cymosum @ EMEC (6)

Cirsium lanceolatum @ BBSL__JPS (6)

Cirsium sp @ BBSL__JPS (22); BBSL (5)

Cirsium undulatum @ AMNH_BEE (18); EMEC (6)

Cirsium vulgare @ BBSL__JPS (3); AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (3); UCRC_ENT (1)

Cirsium @ AMNH_BEE (7); UCRC_ENT (3); BMEC_ENT (1); EMEC (6); LACM_ENTB (6)

Coreopsis lanceolata @ UCRC_ENT (5)

Coreopsis @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Cosmos @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Ericameria @ CSCA (1); LACM_ENTB (3)

Gaillardia aristata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Grindelia sp @ BBSL__JPS (1); BBSL (1)

Grindelia squarrosa @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (4); UCRC_ENT (1)

Grindelia @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Helianthus annuus @ BBSL (3); AMNH_BEE (2); UCRC_ENT (2); BMEC_ENT (4); EMEC (14)

Helianthus anomalus @ BBSL (2)

Helianthus petiolaris @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Helianthus sp @ BBSL__JPS (16); BBSL (3)

Helianthus tuberosus @ VTST_ENT (1)

Helianthus @ AMNH_BEE (3); CUIC_ENT (1); LACM_ENTB (2)

Isocoma acradenia @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Isocoma menziesii @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Jacobaea maritima @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Liatris scariosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Onopordum sp @ BBSL__JPS (6)

Pluchea odorata @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Prenanthes @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Rudbeckia laciniata @ BBSL (2)

Silybum @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Solidago nemoralis @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Solidago sp @ BBSL (1)

Solidago velutina @ LACM_ENTB (3)

Solidago @ CUIC_ENT (8); BMEC_ENT (1); EMEC (1); LACM_ENTB (1)

Sonchus arvensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Symphyotrichum laeve @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Taraxacum campylodes @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Townsendia sp @ BBSL (1)

Wyethia @ EMEC (7)

Zinnia @ UCRC_ENT (3)
Balsaminaceae  Impatiens capensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Boraginaceae  Amsinckia douglasiana @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Amsinckia @ EMEC (1)

Eriodictyon @ EMEC (1)

Hydrophyllum virginianum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Onosmodium occidentale @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Phacelia ramosissima @ UCRC_ENT (1); LACM_ENTB (1)

Phacelia @ CSCA (1); AMNH_BEE (1)
Brassicaceae  Brassica @ EMEC (1)

Cardaria pubescens @ EMEC (1)

Raphanus sativus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Stanleya @ BMEC_ENT (1)

Thelypodium sagittatum @ BBSL (2)

Thlaspi arvense @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Cactaceae  Opuntia @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Campanulaceae  Lobelia puberula @ BBSL (1)
Capparaceae  Cleome lutea @ BBSL (1)

Cleome serrulata @ BBSL (1)

Cleome sp @ BBSL (3)
Caprifoliaceae  Lonicera @ EMEC (2)

Symphoricarpos albus @ BBSL (2)
Cleomaceae  Cleome @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Peritoma arborea @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Clusiaceae  Hypericum perforatum @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Convolvulaceae  Convolvulus arvensis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Convolvulus sp @ BBSL__JPS (4)

Ipomoea @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Cucurbitaceae  Cucurbita @ EMEC (4)
Dipsacaceae  Dipsacus sp @ BBSL__JPS (22)

Scabiosa @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Ericaceae  Rhododendron occidentale @ UCRC_ENT (2); EMEC (2)

Vaccinium @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Fabaceae  Acmispon glaber @ UCRC_ENT (10); EMEC (2)

Aragallus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Astragalus bisulcatus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Astragalus carolinianus @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Astragalus douglasii @ UCRC_ENT (22)

Astragalus leibergii @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Astragalus pomonensis @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Astragalus sinuatus @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Astragalus sp @ BBSL__JPS (4)

Astragalus @ AMNH_BEE (4); EMEC (3)

Baptisia tinctoria @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Caragana @ AMNH_BEE (10)

Dalea purpurea @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dalea villosa @ EMEC (3)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota @ UCRC_ENT (6)

Glycyrrhiza @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Hedysarum boreale @ BBSL (1)

Lathyrus japonicus @ UCMS_ENT (17)

Lathyrus latifolius @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lathyrus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Lotus @ EMEC (2); LACM_ENTB (1)

Lupinus caudatus @ BBSL (1)

Lupinus excubitus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Lupinus nanus @ EMEC (3)

Lupinus @ UCRC_ENT (1); BMEC_ENT (2); EMEC (8); LACM_ENTB (1)

Medicago sativa @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (2); EMEC (12)

Medicago sp @ BBSL__JPS (5)

Melilotus alba @ BBSL (1)

Melilotus albus @ EMEC (2)

Melilotus officinalis @ AMNH_BEE (4); EMEC (14)

Melilotus sp @ BBSL (6)

Oxytropis sp @ BBSL (1)

Thermopsis rhombifolia @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Trifolium hybridum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Trifolium lanceolatum @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Trifolium obtusiflorum @ EMEC (4)

Trifolium pratense @ BBSL__JPS (7); PN- (39); BBSL (2); MLSB__N16- (13); AMNH_BEE (13); UCMS_ENT (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Trifolium repens @ BBSL__JPS (1); PN- (1); BBSL (1); EMEC (2)

Trifolium sp @ BBSL (6)

Trifolium variegatum @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Trifolium wormskioldii @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Trifolium @ AMNH_BEE (4); UCRC_ENT (2)

Vicia cracca @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Vicia sp @ BBSL (1); UCMS_ENT (4)

Vicia villosa @ BBSL (8); AMNH_BEE (1)

Vicia @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCIS (1); UCRC_ENT (2); EMEC (16)
Geraniaceae  Geranium maculatum @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Hydrophyllaceae  Phacelia hastata @ BBSL__JPS (15); BBSL (2)

Phacelia leptosepala @ BBSL (1)

Phacelia sp @ BBSL__JPS (11)
Hypericaceae  Hypericum perforatum @ BMEC_ENT (1)
Iridaceae  Iris missouriensis @ BBSL (1)
J. rykken  1029 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

1073 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

896 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

928 @ JRYB__SHEN (2)

970 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)
Lamiaceae  Agastache sp @ BBSL (1)

Agastache urticifolia @ EMEC (1)

Dracocephalum parviflorum @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Marrubium vulgare @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Mentha @ UCRC_ENT (1); LACM_ENTB (1)

Monarda fistulosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Monarda sp @ BBSL (2)

Monardella sp @ BBSL (1)

Monardella @ BMEC_ENT (1); EMEC (1)

Physostegia parviflora @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Physostegia virginiana @ B_AW (1)

Physostegia @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Poliomintha incana @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Prunella vulgaris @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Salvia carduacea @ UCRC_ENT (3)

Salvia columbariae @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Salvia dorrii @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Salvia leucophylla @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Salvia mellifera @ UCRC_ENT (3); EMEC (1)

Salvia scutellarioides @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Salvia spathacea @ EMEC (1)

Salvia @ EMEC (1); LACM_ENTB (4)

Stachys ajugoides @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Stachys bullata @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Stachys @ UCRC_ENT (3); EMEC (1)

Teucrium canadense @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Trichostema lanceolatum @ LACM_ENTB (1)
Liliaceae  Allium sp @ BBSL (2)

Calochortus macrocarpus @ EMEC (2)

Calochortus @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Maianthemum stellatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Loasaceae  Mentzelia laevicaulis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Mentzelia @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Malvaceae  Alcea rosea @ UCRC_ENT (3)

Alcea @ EMEC (4)

Hibiscus @ EMEC (1)
Onagraceae  Camissonia claviformis @ EMEC (1)

Camissonia tanacetifolia @ EMEC (3)

Chamerion angustifolium @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Clarkia amoena @ UCRC_ENT (1); EMEC (6)

Clarkia concinna @ EMEC (1)

Clarkia rubicunda @ EMEC (10)

Clarkia unguiculata @ EMEC (9)

Clarkia williamsonii @ EMEC (1)

Oenothera latifolia @ EMEC (2)

Oenothera pallida @ EMEC (6)

Oenothera sp @ BBSL (1)

Oenothera villosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Orobanchaceae  Castilleja exserta @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Castilleja @ BMEC_ENT (1); EMEC (7)

Orthocarpus @ EMEC (3)
Papaveraceae  Eschscholzia californica @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Phrymaceae  Mimulus ringens @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Plantaginaceae  Collinsia heterophylla @ UCRC_ENT (1); LACM_ENTB (1)

Digitalis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Keckiella antirrhinoides @ UCRC_ENT (1); LACM_ENTB (1)

Keckiella lemmonii @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Keckiella rothrockii @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Keckiella @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Linaria @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Penstemon @ AMNH_BEE (2); EMEC (3)

Plantago lanceolata @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Veronica @ CUIC_ENT (7); EMEC (1)
Polycitoridae  Salix sp @ BBSL__JPS (1)
Polygonaceae  Eriogonum fasciculatum @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Eriogonum umbellatum @ BBSL__JPS (2)

Eriogonum @ EMEC (1)

Polygonum sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Pontederiaceae  Pontederia cordata @ CUIC_ENT (2)
Ranunculaceae  Delphinium sp @ BBSL (1)

Delphinium @ UCRC_ENT (6); EMEC (6)
Rosaceae  Prunus virginiana @ BBSL__JPS (1)

Prunus @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Rosa sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Rubus @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Salicaceae  Salix lasiolepis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Salix @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Saxifragaceae  Ribes cereum @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Scrophulariaceae  Castilleja miniata @ BBSL (1)

Penstemon angustifolius @ BBSL (1)

Penstemon comarrhenus @ BBSL (2)

Penstemon grandiflorus @ BBSL (1)

Penstemon idahoensis @ BBSL (9)

Penstemon washingtonensis @ BBSL (1)

Verbascum sp @ BBSL__JPS (5)
Unplaced  Cenchrus @ BMEC_ENT (1)

Helianthis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

none 3997 @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Verbenaceae  Verbena hastata @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Verbena @ LACM_ENTB (1)
_  Asteraceae @ I_JSA (1)

Lamiaceae @ I_JSA (1)

M Spring @ PN- (44)

Silver thyme @ I_PDA (1)

Withheld @ BBSL (99); BBSL__ZION (20)

blueberry @ NLA (1)

caneberry @ NLA (1)

cucurbit @ NLA (3)

pond edge @ NLA (1)

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Updated: 2021-06-15 22:47:30 gmt
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