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Bryx veleronis Herald, 1940
OFFSHORE PIPEFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Syngnathidae   Bryx

Bryx veleronis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bryx veleronis

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Bryx veleronis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Bryx veleronis
espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • snout short, upturned
  • body - pale bars
  • operculum with ridge, white spots
  • no anal fin
  • tail fin small, dark

Head short, 10-13% of standard length; snout short (<1/2 head length), with strongly concave profile; mouth oblique, at tip of snout; well developed ridge across top of operculum; dorsal 18-21 rays, at about midbody; pectoral high, 10-13 rays; tail small, rounded; no anal fin; brood pouch under tail; body with 14-15 rings, tail with 33-37 rings; ridges on upper side of body and tail not joined; ridge on lower side of body , not joining lower ridge on tail.

Body and head light to dark brown, with pale bars, snout paler; white marks on opercle; tail brown, dorsal and pectoral clear.

Size: 6.5 cm.

Habitat: soft bottoms.

Depth: 3-20 m.

Costa Rica and Panama, Gorgona, Malpelo, Galapagos and the Revillagigedos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 3 m.
Diet: zooplankton; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=20; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-79; Latitudinal range=22; Longitudinal range=36.
Egg Type: Brooded; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Sand & gravel; Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 6.5 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leˇn:153-170.
  • Dawson, C.E., 1985., Indo-Pacific Pipefishes., Gulf Coast Research laboratory:230.
  • Herald,., 1940., A key to the pipefishes of the Pacific American coasts with descriptions of new genera and species., Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 9:51-64.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Bryx&speciesname=veleronis ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Bryx-veleronis.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

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Bryx veleronis   Herald, 1940

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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bryx veleronis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Bryx veleronis Bryx veleronis
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Bryx: Greek, bryx, brychos= abyss (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 27 - 37 m (Ref. 12965 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands to the Galapagos Islands, including the offshore islands of Costa Rica and Panama.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5316 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Males may be mature at 4.5 cm SL. Planktivore (Ref. 28023 ). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205 ). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Dawson, C.E. , 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Data deficient (DD)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.9 - 26, mean 25.7 (based on 5 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00049 (0.00022 - 0.00111), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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