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Capra hircus Linnaeus, 1758
Domestic goat; Feral goat

Life   Vertebrata   Mammalia   Bovidae   Capra


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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/30ee9d69-b5f3-4f81-8b7c-10074fbdc485 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/30ee9d69-b5f3-4f81-8b7c-10074fbdc485
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » MAMMALIA (Class) » EUTHERIA (Subclass) » ARTIODACTYLA (Order) » RUMINATA (Suborder) » BOVIDAE (Family) » Capra Linnaeus, 1758 (Genus) » Capra hircus Linnaeus, 1758

Species Capra hircus Linnaeus, 1758


Regional Maps

CAVS : 1521 Taxon concept Capra_hircus last modified 2010-12-16 15:42:13.424

Species Capra hircus Linnaeus, 1758



Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Introduced from various countries.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


ACT, NSW, NT, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Ben Lomond (BEL), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Burt Plain (BRT), Central Arnhem (CA), Carnarvon (CAR), Channel Country (CHC), Central Kimberley (CK), Coolgardie (COO), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Central Ranges (CR), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Dampierland (DL), Davenport Murchison Ranges (DMR), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Esperance Plains (ESP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Finke (FIN), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Gascoyne (GAS), Gawler (GAW), Gibson Desert (GD), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Great Sandy Desert (GSD), Great Victoria Desert (GVD), Hampton (HAM), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), King (KIN), Little Sandy Desert (LSD), MacDonnell Ranges (MAC), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mitchell Grass Downs (MGD), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Mulga Lands (ML), Murchison (MUR), Nandewar (NAN), New England Tablelands (NET), Northern Kimberley (NK), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Nullarbor (NUL), Ord Victoria Plain (OVP), Pine Creek (PCK), Pilbara (PIL), Riverina (RIV), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields (SSD), Stony Plains (STP), Sturt Plateau (STU), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tanami (TAN), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR), Tasmanian West (TWE), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Victorian Midlands (VM), Warren (WAR), Yalgoo (YAL)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Australian Capital Territory
    • New South Wales: Bulloo River basin, Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin
    • Northern Territory: Lake Eyre basin, N coastal, W plateau
    • Queensland: Bulloo River basin, Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin
    • South Australia: Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin, W plateau
    • Tasmania
    • Victoria: Murray-Darling basin
    • Western Australia

Ecological Descriptors

Cave dweller, crop, folivore, gregarious, herbivore, noctidurnal, subtropical, temperate, terrestrial.

Extra Ecological Information

Introduced from various countries, present in both the domesticated and feral state.


General References

Clutton-Brock, J. 1981. Domesticated Animals from Early Times . London : British Museum 208 pp.

Coblentz, B.E. 1978. The effect of feral goats ( Capra hircus ) on island ecosystems. Biological Conservation 13 : 279-286

Dawson, T.J. & Ellis, B.A. 1994. Did dietary competition play a role in the extinction of small macropodids in western New South Wales with the coming of European settlement. pp. 75-80 in Lunney, D., Hand, S., Reed, P. & Butcher, D. (eds). Future of the fauna of western New South Wales . Mosman : Royal Zoological Society of NSW 245 pp.

Dawson, T.J. & Ellis, B.A. 1996. Diets of mammalian herbivores in Australian arid, hilly shrublands: seasonal effects on overlap between euros (hill kangaroos), sheep and feral goats, and on dietary niche breadths and selectivities. Journal of Arid Environments 34 : 491-506

Freudenberger, D. (ed.) 1993. Proceedings of the national workshop on feral goat management: planning for action, 9–11 October 1992, Dubbo, New South Wales . Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences 106 pp.

Freudenberger, D.O. & Hume, I.D. 1987. Effects of water restriction on digestive function in the euro ( Macropus robustus erubescens ), wallaroo ( M. r. robustus ) and the feral goat. pp. 127-128 in Rose, M. (ed.). Herbivore nutrition research . Brisbane : Australian Society for Animal Production.

Freudenberger, D.O. & Hume, I.D. 1992. Ingestive and digestive responses to dietary fibre and nitrogen by two macropodid marsupials ( Macropus robustus erubescens and M. r. robustu s) and a ruminant ( Capra hircus ). Australian Journal of Zoology 40 : 181-194

Freudenberger, D.O. & Hume, I.D. 1993. Effects of water restriction on digestive function in two macropodid marsupials from divergent habitats and the feral goat. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 163 : 247-257

Hafez, E.S.E. & Scott, J.P. 1962. The behaviour of sheep and goats. pp. 297-333 in Hafez, E.S.E. (ed.). The Behaviour of Domestic Animals . London : Baillière, Tindall & Cox.

Haltenorth, T. 1963. Klassifikation der Säugetiere: Artiodactyla. Handbuch der Zoologie Berlin 8 (teil 1, lfg. 32): 1-167 pls 1-16

Henzell, R. 1995. Feral Goat Capra hircus . pp. 728-730 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife . Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Holst, P.J. 1981. Age, hair colour, live weight and fertility of two samples of Australian feral goat, Capra hircus . Australian Wildlife Research 8 : 549-553

King, D. 1992. Home ranges of feral goats in a pastoral area of Western Australia. Wildlife Research 19 : 643-649

Letts, G.A., Bassingthwaighte, A. & de Vos, W.E.L. 1979. Feral Animals in the Northern Territory. Report of the Board of Inquiry 1979 . N.T. : Govt. Printer xvi 234 pp.

Long, J.L. 1972. Introduced birds and mammals in Western Australia. Agricultural Protection Board Western Australia Technical Service 1 : 1-30

McKnight, T. 1976. Friendly vermin. A survey of feral livestock in Australia. University of California Publications in Geography 21 : i-viii 1-104

Mitchell, T. 1980. Feral goats ecology and breeding in Australia. Proceedings of the Post-graduate Committee of Veterinary Science University of Sydney 52 : 343-349

Parkes, J., Henzell, R. & Pickles, G. 1996. Managing Vertebrate Pests: Feral Goats . Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service.

Pople, A.R., Clancy, T.F., Thompson, J.A. & Boyd-Law, S. 1998. Aerial survey methodology and the cost of control for feral goats in western Queensland. Wildlife Research 25 : 393-408

Pople, J.S., Grigg, A.R., Cairns, S.C., Alexander, P., Beard, L.A. & Henzell, R.P. 1996. Trends in numbers and changes in the distribution of feral goats ( Capra hircus ) in the South Australian pastoral zone. Wildlife Research 23 : 687-696

Rolls, E.C. 1969. They All Ran Wild. The Story of Pests on the Land in Australia . Sydney : Angus & Robertson 444 pp. 21 pls.

Tiver, F. & Andrew, M.H. 1997. Relative effects of herbivory by sheep, rabbits, goats, and kangaroos on recruitment and regeneration of shrubs and trees in eastern South Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology 34 : 903-914


Common Name References

ABRS 2001. Census of Australian Vertebrates. Australian Biological Resources Study. (Goat)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Dec-2010 16-Dec-2010 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Last modified: Thursday, 16 December 2010 3:42:13 PM AEDT

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Following served from Nigerian Dwarf Goat
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Capra+hircus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Capra+hircus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 12
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Capra hircus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1175 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1176 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1177 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
Domesticated Goat
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0173 [detail]
© 2006 Tom Greer tbphotos@comcast.net

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
Domesticated Goat
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0174 [detail]
© 2006 Tom Greer tbphotos@comcast.net

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
Domesticated Goat
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0175 [detail]
© 2006 Tom Greer tbphotos@comcast.net

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1178 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1179 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1180 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
Domestic Goat
ID: 0000 0000 1211 0391 [detail]
© 2011 Behnam Ghorbani

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
Domestic Goat
ID: 0000 0000 0213 1424 [detail]
© 2013 Simon J. Tonge

Capra hircus
Capra hircus
Anglo-nubian Goat
ID: 0000 0000 0213 1425 [detail]
© 2013 Simon J. Tonge

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