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Carpinus caroliniana Walter
AMERICAN HORNBEAM
Ironwood

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Carpinus

Carpinus caroliniana, Musclewood
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Carpinus caroliniana, Musclewood

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Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Carpinus caroliniana, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - whole upper surface

Carpinus caroliniana, _leaf.JP80032_30.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf
JP80032_30
Carpinus caroliniana, _twig.JP80049_75.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Carpinus caroliniana, twig
JP80049_75

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Betulaceae  Carpinus caroliniana @ I_EHLK (3)
_  tree @ I_EHJH (4)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanaloniidae  Acanalonia conica @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Aphididae  Euceraphis mucida @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (15); AMNH_PBI (2)
Betulaceae  Carpinus caroliniana @ I_EHLK (3)
Calosphaeriaceae  Calosphaeria microsperma @ BPI (2)
Chionosphaeraceae  Chionosphaera apobasidialis @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Alebra aurea @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura acantha @ III (1)

Eratoneura accola @ III (1)

Eratoneura aculeata @ NCSU (1); III (5)

Eratoneura adunca @ III (5)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (1)

Eratoneura anseri @ III (1)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (2)

Eratoneura arpegia @ III (1)

Eratoneura arta @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (3)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (2)

Eratoneura brevipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (2)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (6)

Eratoneura clara @ III (1)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (1)

Eratoneura contracta @ III (3)

Eratoneura curta @ III (1)

Eratoneura dira @ III (6)

Eratoneura direpta @ III (7)

Eratoneura ellisi @ III (1)

Eratoneura emquu @ III (1)

Eratoneura firma @ III (3)

Eratoneura gemina @ AMNH_IZC (1); III (28)

Eratoneura gemoides @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (6)

Eratoneura glicilla @ III (1)

Eratoneura igella @ III (2)

Eratoneura immota @ III (1)

Eratoneura impar @ III (3)

Eratoneura inepta @ III (1)

Eratoneura knullae @ AMNH_IZC (1); III (1)

Eratoneura lata @ III (2)

Eratoneura lenta @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ III (1)

Eratoneura lucyae @ III (1)

Eratoneura maga @ III (2)

Eratoneura manus @ III (2); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (1)

Eratoneura mira @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura mirifica @ III (1)

Eratoneura misera @ III (20); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura nimia @ AMNH_IZC (1); III (6)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (3)

Eratoneura patris @ III (1)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (3)

Eratoneura prolixa @ III (1)

Eratoneura restricta @ III (1)

Eratoneura sancta @ III (1)

Eratoneura spala @ III (1)

Eratoneura staffordi @ III (2)

Eratoneura staminea @ III (2)

Eratoneura stoveri @ III (2)

Eratoneura teres @ III (2)

Eratoneura tersa @ III (13)

Eratoneura triangulata @ III (63)

Eratoneura turgida @ III (3)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (2)

Erythridula albescens @ III (1)

Erythridula ampla @ III (1)

Erythridula coarctata @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (2)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (2)

Erythridula diffisa @ III (1)

Erythridula divisa @ III (1)

Erythridula eluta @ III (2)

Erythridula falcata @ III (1)

Erythridula freta @ III (1)

Erythridula herberti @ III (1)

Erythridula infinita @ III (1)

Erythridula jocosa @ III (1)

Erythridula lloydi @ III (1)

Erythridula lyratae @ III (1)

Erythridula minuta @ III (5)

Erythridula modica @ III (11)

Erythridula normanti @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (3)

Erythridula parsonsi @ III (1)

Erythridula parvispicata @ III (1)

Erythridula penelutea @ III (2)

Erythridula praecisa @ III (1)

Erythridula scissa @ III (2)

Erythridula stylata @ III (2)

Erythridula tenebrosa @ III (4)

Erythridula tenuispica @ III (3)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythridula volucris @ III (3)

Erythroneura aza @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Erythroneura beameri @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Erythroneura calycula @ III (1)

Erythroneura diva @ III (1)

Erythroneura kerzhneri @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (1)

Erythroneura octonotata @ III (1)

Erythroneura vitis @ III (1)

Oncopsis nigrinasi @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Cixiidae  Cixius misellus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Melanoliarus ecologus @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium cremoricolor @ BPI (3)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (1)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia gyrosa @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium caryigenum @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Cryptosporiopsis fasciculata @ BPI (1)

Cylindrosporium caryigenum @ BPI (1)

Cylindrosporium dearnessii @ BPI (1)

Dermatea carpinea @ BPI (1)

Dermea carpinea @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium robergei @ BPI (18)

Monostichella robergei @ BPI (2)

Pezicula carpinea @ BPI (28)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe carpini @ BPI (3)

Diaporthe decipiens @ BPI (4)

Diaporthe ellisii @ BPI (4)

Diaporthe leucosarca @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype stigma @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (1)

Eutypella cerviculata @ BPI (13)

Eutypella stellulata @ BPI (1)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus nidulans @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (5)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (2)

Uncinula macrospora @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (3)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (1)

Daedalea unicolor @ BPI (3)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia amoena @ BPI (1)

Gnomonia fimbriata @ BPI (5)

Gnomonia rodmanii @ 878211A (1)

Gnomoniella carpinea @ 878211B (1); BPI (2)

Gnomoniella fimbriata @ BPI (10)

Laestadia carpinea @ BPI (2)

Mamiania fimbriata @ BPI (2)
Graphidaceae  Glyphis cicatricosa @ I_GBP (2)

Graphis scripta @ GAL (1)

Phaeographis atromaculata @ I_GBP (1)
Helotiaceae  Bisporella confluens @ BPI (1)

Cenangium rubiginellum @ BPI (2)

Cenangium rubiginosum @ BPI (6)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum adustum @ BPI (2)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete agglutinans @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea gelatinosa @ BPI (2)
Lachnocladiaceae  Asterostroma muscicola @ BPI (1)
Letrouitiaceae  Letrouitia parabola @ GAL (1)
Magnaporthaceae  Clasterosporium cornigerum @ BPI (1)
Massarinaceae  Massarina eburnea @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis carpinigera @ BPI (1)

Melanconis chrysostroma @ BPI (4)

Melanconis hyperopta @ BPI (3)

Melanconis platystroma @ BPI (1)

Melanconis xanthostroma @ BPI (1)

Melanconium triangulare @ BPI (1)

Melogramma patens @ BPI (1)

Melogramma vagans @ BPI (1)

Wuestneia xanthostroma @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius tremellosus @ BPI (2)

Merulius @ BPI (1)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus incisus @ NCSU_ENT (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp18 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp20 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myrtlemiris astartephila @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Plagiognathus rideri @ NCSU_ENT (90)

Reuteria fuscicornis @ AMNH_PBI (13)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella punctiformis @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium carpineum @ BPI (3)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (8)

Nectria galligena @ BPI (2)

Nectria sanguinea @ BPI (3)

Tubercularia fasciculata @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Fracchiaea callista @ BPI (1)
Parmeliaceae  Bulbothrix goebelii @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis minarum @ GAL (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora burtii @ BPI (2)

Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora heterocystidia @ BPI (4)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Banasa calva @ NCSU (1)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria leioplaca @ GAL (1)

Pertusaria subpertusa @ GAL (1)
Physciaceae  Buellia stillingiana @ GAL (1)

Heterodermia albicans @ GAL (1)

Phaeophyscia rubropulchra @ GAL (1)

Pyxine subcinerea @ GAL (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium tiara @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Stemphylium magnusianum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes fomentarius @ BPI (2)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (2)

Fomes tenuis @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Panus salicinus @ BPI (1)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus albellus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus biennis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus brumalis @ BPI (4)

Polyporus caesius @ BPI (2)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fractipes @ BPI (2)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (11)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus nidulans @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pruinatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pubescens @ BPI (2)

Polyporus rhipidium @ BPI (2)

Polyporus sector @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (7)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (4)

Poria ferrea @ BPI (2)

Poria friesiana @ BPI (1)

Poria laevigata @ BPI (1)

Poria punctata @ BPI (1)

Poria subserpens @ BPI (1)

Poria undata @ BPI (1)

Poria unita @ BPI (1)

Poria versipora @ BPI (4)

Trametes malicola @ BPI (3)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula subelliptica @ GAL (1)
Ramalinaceae  Phyllopsora parvifolia @ GAL (1); I_GBP (1)

Phyllopsora @ GAL (3)

Ramalina stenospora @ I_GBP (2)
Sarcosomataceae  Strumella coryneoidea @ BPI (2)
Saturniidae  Antheraea polyphemus @ I_DDX (2)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (4)
Sclerotiniaceae  Ciboria bolaris @ BPI (1)

Encoelia furfuracea @ BPI (1)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium hesleri @ BPI (2)

Septobasidium langloisii @ BPI (5)

Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum @ BPI (12)

Septobasidium sinuosum @ BPI (6)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia crustosa @ BPI (1)

Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (7)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus oakesii @ BPI (1)

Laxitextum bicolor @ BPI (1)

Stereum complicatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum erumpens @ BPI (2)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum purpureum @ BPI (4)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (10)

Stereum sericeum @ BPI (24)

Stereum striatum @ BPI (17)

Stereum versiforme @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina australis @ BPI (3)
Tingidae  Leptoypha mutica @ NCSU (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella lutescens @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium citrinum @ BPI (2)

Phyllotopsis nidulans @ BPI (1)
Tulasnellaceae  Tulasnella pruinosa @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia anomala @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Asteroma vagans @ BPI (1)

Cytospora leucosperma @ BPI (3)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia simulans @ BPI (2)

Daldinia vernicosa @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon fuscum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon howeianum @ BPI (3)

Hypoxylon mediterraneum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon multiforme @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (5)

Hypoxylon truncatum @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia subiculata @ BPI (2)

Xylaria flabelliformis @ BPI (1)
_  Cercoseptoria carpinea @ BPI (1)

Cheirospora botryospora @ BPI (1)

Cytosporina cerviculata @ BPI (1)

Diplozythia rubicarpa @ BPI (1)

Diplozythia @ BPI (1)

Discosporina carpinicola @ BPI (1)

Fissurina insidiosa @ I_GBP (1)

Myxosporium incarnatum @ BPI (2)

Sporocybe parasitica @ BPI (3)

Thyrsidium hederaecolum @ BPI (1)

Valsaria exasperans @ BPI (1)

ladybug @ I_DDX (1)

plant @ I_EHJP (1)

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CACA18 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CACA18
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Carpinus caroliniana Walter
American hornbeam

Image of Carpinus caroliniana

General Information
Symbol: CACA18
Group: Dicot
Family: Betulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Carpinus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, TN, Gage. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Boston, Arnold Arboretum. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Boston, Arnold Arboretum. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 606. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae – Birch family
Genus Carpinus L. – hornbeam
Species Carpinus caroliniana Walter – American hornbeam

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Carpinus caroliniana</i>
Walter ssp. <i>
caroliniana </i>
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. caroliniana
American hornbeam Distribution of <i>
Carpinus caroliniana</i>
Walter ssp. <i>
virginiana</i>
(Marshall) Furlow
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American hornbeam

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CACA18)
CalPhotos (CACA18)
Flora of North America (CACA18)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CACA18)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CACA18)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CACA18)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CACA18)
Native Plants Network (CACA18)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CACA18)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CACA18)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CACA18)
Related Websites
AL-Auburn University Plant Identification Resource (CACA18)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (CACA18)
IL-Selecting Trees for your Home (University of Illinois) (CACA18)
LA-Louisiana Ecosystems--Plant List (CACA18)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (CACA18)
MO-Grow Native (CACA18)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (CACA18)
NC-Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina (CACA18)
OH-Ohio Public Library Information Network (CACA18)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (CACA18)
UK-Plants For A Future (CACA18)
USDA FS Fact Sheet (University of Florida) (CACA18)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (CACA18)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CACA18)
VA-VTrees ID (CACA18)
WI-Trees of Wisconsin (University of Wisconsin-Green Bay Herbarium (CACA18)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Low Low Minor Minor
Yarrow Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Yarrow

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Carpinus

1. Carpinus caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 236. 1788.

Carpinus americana Michaux

Trees , to 12 m; trunks short, often crooked, longitudinally or transversely fluted, crowns spreading. Bark gray, smooth to somewhat roughened. Wood whitish, extremely hard, heavy. Winter buds containing inflorescences squarish in cross section, somewhat divergent, 3--4 mm. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic, 3--12 × 3--6 cm, margins doubly serrate, teeth typically obtuse and evenly arranged, primary teeth often not much longer than secondary; surfaces abaxially slightly to moderately pubescent, especially on major veins, with or without conspicuous dark glands. Inflorescences: staminate inflorescences 2--6 cm; pistillate inflorescences 1--2.5 cm. Infructescences 2.5--12 cm; bracts relatively uncrowded, 2--3.5 × 1.4--2.8 cm, lobes narrow, elongate, apex nearly acute, obtuse, or rounded, central lobe (1--)2--3 cm.

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

Carpinus caroliniana consists of two rather well-marked geographical races, treated here as subspecies. These hybridize or intergrade in a band extending from Long Island along the Atlantic coast through coastal Virginia and North Carolina, and then westward in northern South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Plants with intermediate features are also found throughout the highlands of Missouri and Arkansas. J. J. Furlow (1987b) has described the variation of this complex in detail.

Native Americans used Carpinus caroliniana medicinally to treat flux, navel yellowness, cloudy urine, Italian itch, consumption, diarrhea, and constipation, as an astringent, a tonic, and a wash, and to facilitate childbirth (D. E. Moerman 1986; no subspecies specified).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carpinus+caroliniana+ssp.+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carpinus+caroliniana+ssp.+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 14
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1486 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1487 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1382 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1383 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1384 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1416 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1418 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1419 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2512 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2513 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2514 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2515 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2516 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2517 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carpinus+caroliniana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carpinus+caroliniana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 28
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Carpinus caroliniana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0716 [detail]
© 2003 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
Musclewood
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0101 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
Musclewood
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0102 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 0302 0098 [detail]
© 1984 Alan Resetar

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbean
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0188 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 0603 0055 [detail]
© 2003 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
Musclewood
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0103 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0714 [detail]
© 2003 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
Blue Beech
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0397 [detail]
© 2007 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
Blue Beech
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0398 [detail]
© 2007 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1538 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1539 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 0416 0865 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0113 [detail]
© 2016 Ryan Batten

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1486 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1487 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1382 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1383 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1384 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1416 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1418 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1419 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2512 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
American Hornbeam
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2513 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2018-11-18 14:30:24 gmt
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