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Carya cordiformis (Wangenh. ) K. Koch
BITTERNUT HICKORY
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Juglandaceae   Carya

Carya cordiformis, Bitternut Hickory
© Paul Leroy · 9
Carya cordiformis, Bitternut Hickory

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Carya cordiformis
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, leaf - whole upper surface

Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud
Carya cordiformis, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, whole tree or vine - general

Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter terminal bud
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter terminal bud
Carya cordiformis, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, leaf - whole upper surface

Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter terminal bud
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter terminal bud
Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud

Carya cordiformis, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, leaf - whole upper surface
Carya cordiformis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, bark - of a large tree

Carya cordiformis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, bark - of a large tree
Carya cordiformis, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

Carya cordiformis, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, whole tree or vine - general
Carya cordiformis, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya cordiformis, twig - orientation of petioles

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Monellia caryella @ NCSU (5); AMNH_PBI (4)

Monelliopsis nigropunctata @ NCSU (2)

Prociphilus ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Protopterocallis fumipennella @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Protopterocallis fumipennellus @ NCSU (6)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis caryae @ BPI (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis fimbriata @ BPI (3)
Cicadellidae  Eratoneura acantha @ III (1)

Eratoneura arta @ III (1)

Eratoneura calamitosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura ellisi @ III (1)

Eratoneura era @ III (1)

Eratoneura maga @ III (1)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (2)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (1)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (1)

Erythridula ampla @ III (1)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (4)

Erythridula eluta @ III (4)

Erythridula fulvocephala @ III (1)

Erythridula lloydi @ III (1)

Erythridula minuta @ III (1)

Erythridula tenebrosa @ III (1)

Erythridula tenuispica @ III (1)

Erythridula varia @ III (1)

Erythroneura carinata @ III (1)

Graphocephala constricta @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Hymetta balteata @ III (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium caryigenum @ BPI (4)
Derbidae  Anotia @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium caryigenum @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium caryae @ BPI (6)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspidiotus ancylus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium pallidospermum @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Carynota mera @ NCSU (1); UDCC_TCN (12)

Telamona unicolor @ NCSU (1)
Microstromataceae  Microstroma juglandis @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria hicoriae @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum complicatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum lobatum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Valsa ceratophora @ BPI (1)
_  Ceratophorum uncinatum @ BPI (1)

Gn_ms_naranjakotta sp_ms_hakeaphila @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gyrothrix podosperma @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CACO15 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CACO15
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CACO15 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CACO15
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CACO15 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CACO15
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Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
bitternut hickory

Image of Carya cordiformis

General Information
Symbol: CACO15
Group: Dicot
Family: Juglandaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Carya thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden. October 14, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, GA, Savannah. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

T.C. Nelson. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, GA. 1959. Usage Requirements .

O.W. Price. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, TN, Sowanee. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 580. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CACOL3 Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch var. latifolia Sarg.
HICO5 Hicoria cordiformis (Wangenh.) Britton

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Juglandales
Family Juglandaceae – Walnut family
Genus Carya Nutt. – hybrid hickory
Species Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch – bitternut hickory

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine bitternut hickory Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain
Western Gulf Coast FACU
North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CACO15)
Flora of North America (CACO15)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CACO15)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CACOL3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HICO5)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CACO15)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CACO15)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CACO15)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CACO15)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CACO15)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CACO15)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (CACO15)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Juglandaceae | Carya

3. Carya cordiformis (Wangenheim) K. Koch, Dendrologie. 1: 597. 1869.

Bitternut hickory, pignut, noyer amer, caryer cordiforme

Juglans cordiformis Wangenheim, Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss., 25, plate 10, fig. 25. 1787; Hicoria cordiformis (Wangenheim) Britton; H . minima (Marshall) Britton

Trees , to 52 m. Bark gray or brownish, smooth or ridged or exfoliating with small platelike scales. Twigs tan, slender, glabrous except scaly near tip. Terminal buds sulfur yellow to tan, oblong, 10(-19) mm, densely scaly with yellow peltate scales, pilose near apex; bud scales valvate; axillary buds protected by pair of valvate bracteoles. Leaves 2-4 dm; petiole 3-7 cm, glabrous near base, hirsute near rachis. Leaflets (5-)7-9(-13), lateral petiolules 0-1 mm, terminal petiolules 2-8 mm; blades ovate-lanceolate, rarely falcate, 3-19 × 1-7 cm, margins finely to coarsely serrate, without tufts of hairs, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially villous with unicellular and 2-4-rayed fasciculate hairs along midrib and major veins, densely to sparsely pubescent throughout, and with abundant large peltate scales and small round and 2- or 4-lobed peltate scales in spring, still present near margins at base and apex in fall, adaxially villous along midrib near base, sparsely scaly in spring. Staminate catkins pedunculate, to 16 cm, stalks without hairs or hirsute, bracts scaly; anthers hirsute. Fruits brown, cylindric, obovoid, or nearly spheric, not compressed or only slightly compressed, 2-3 × 2-3.2 cm; husks rough, 2-3 mm thick, dehiscing to middle or slightly below, sutures winged; nuts light brown, ellipsoid to ovoid, not compressed or only slightly compressed, not angled, rugulose; shells thin. Seeds bitter. 2 n = 32.

Flowering spring. River flood plains, well-drained hillsides, and limestone glades; 0-900 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Carya cordiformis hybridizes with C . illinoinensis ( C . × brownii Sargent), C . ovata ( C . × laneyi Sargent), and C . laciniosa , and reputedly with the tetraploid C . glabra ( C . × demareei Palmer).

The Fox Indians used Carya cordiformis medicinally as a diuretic, a laxative, and a panacea (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carya+cordiformis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carya+cordiformis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 11
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Carya cordiformis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1439 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0562 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0563 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory
ID: 0000 0000 0708 0855 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory
ID: 0000 0000 0708 0860 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory
ID: 0000 0000 0708 0861 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1385 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
Bitter-nut Hickory
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4591 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
Bitter-nut Hickory
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4592 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
Bitter-nut Hickory
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4593 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Carya cordiformis
Carya cordiformis
Bitter-nut Hickory
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4594 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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