D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh. ) K. Koch
PECAN
Carya illinoensis

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Juglandaceae   Carya

Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis
Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis
Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis
Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis
Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis
Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carya illinoinensis
Carya illinoinensis, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya illinoinensis, inflorescence - whole - male

Carya illinoinensis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya illinoinensis, bark - of a large tree
Carya illinoinensis, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya illinoinensis, whole tree or vine - general

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanaloniidae  Acanalonia bivittata @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Acanalonia conica @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Aleyrodidae  Tetraleurodes mori @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Melanocallis caryaefoliae @ NCSU (3); CSCA_TCN (29)

Monellia caryella @ CSUC_TCN (2); NCSU (2); CSCA_TCN (46)

Monellia nigropunctata @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Monelliopsis californica @ NCSU (1)

Monelliopsis pecanis @ NCSU (3)

Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (1); CSCA_TCN (2)
Aradidae  Neuroctenus simplex @ NCSU_ENT (5)
Cercopidae  Clastoptera osborni @ MEMU_ENT (4)

Clastoptera xanthocephala @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Prosapia bicincta @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Cicadellidae  Alebra aurea @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (1)

Eratoneura opulenta @ NCSU (2)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (9)

Eratoneura sorota @ III (1)

Eratoneura turgida @ III (3)

Erythridula cauta @ III (4); NCSU (8)

Erythridula eluta @ III (1)

Erythridula minuta @ III (1)

Erythridula penenoeva @ III (1)

Erythridula rubens @ III (1)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythroneura ziczac @ III (1)

Paraulacizes irrorata @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Cicadidae  Cicadetta calliope @ MEMU_ENT (4)

Tibicen lyricen @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Tibicen pruinosus @ MEMU_ENT (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Tibicen similaris @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Cixiidae  Myndus slossoni @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Clastopteridae  Clastoptera obtusa @ MEMU_ENT (4)

Clastoptera proteus @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Coccidae  Coccus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Parthenolecanium corni @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Parthenolecanium pruinosum @ MEMU_ENT (2); CSCA_TCN (1)

Pulvinaria vitis @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Coreidae  Leptoglossus oppositus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Leptoglossus phyllopus @ MEMU_ENT (7)
Cydnidae  Pangaeus congruus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (2)
Diaspididae  Aspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (23)

Aspidiotus diffinis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Chionaspis caryae @ CSCA_TCN (6)

Chrysomphalus obscurus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Clavaspis herculeana @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Diaspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (2); CSCA_TCN (1)

Diaspidiotus forbesi @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Diaspidiotus juglansregiae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Diaspidiotus osborni @ CSCA_TCN (11)

Diaspidiotus perniciosus @ MEMU_ENT (14)

Diaspidiotus uvae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Hemiberlesia lataniae @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Melanaspis obscura @ UCR_ENT (5); MEMU_ENT (40); CSCA_TCN (11)

Melanaspis tenebricosa @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Pseudaulacaspis pentagona @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Flatidae  Ormenis pruinosa @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Membracidae  Acutalis nigrinervis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Carynota mera @ UDCC_TCN (5); MEMU_ENT (10)

Cyrtolobus tuberosus @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Cyrtolobus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Enchenopa binotata @ MEMU_ENT (59)

Entylia sinuata @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Entylia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Spissistilus festinus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Telamona monticola @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Telamona unicolor @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Telamona @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Vanduzea arquata @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus fasciatus @ NCSU_ENT (5)

Ceratocapsus modestus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Ceratocapsus @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Chorosomella jakowleffi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Coridromius chenopoderis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris nebulosus @ MEMU_ENT (13); NCSU (4)

Deraeocoris poecilus @ NCSU (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp1 sp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp11 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Gn_orthotylinigp11 sp_003 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp12 sp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp13 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp16 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp34 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp5 sp_007 @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Gn_orthotylinigp9 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Goodeniaphila cassisi @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Goodeniaphila schuhi @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Hyaliodes vitripennis @ AMNH_PBI (4); MEMU_ENT (25)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Myrtlemiris russulatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neocapsus leviscutatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neolygus caryae @ MEMU_ENT (5); NCSU_ENT (64)

Neolygus semivittatus @ MEMU_ENT (1); NCSU_ENT (50)

Neurocolpus nubilus @ MEMU_ENT (2); NCSU_ENT (1)

Orthotylus ornatus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Orthotylus ramus @ AMNH_PBI (1); MEMU_ENT (42); NCSU_ENT (61)

Orthotylus sp_ms_xerophilus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris erectus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus albatus @ NCSU_ENT (46)

Plagiognathus caryae @ MEMU_ENT (13)

Plagiognathus fuscosus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Pycnoderes quadrimaculatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Pentatomidae  Acrosternum hilare @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Brochymena quadripustulata @ MEMU_ENT (11)

Hymenarcys nervosa @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Murgantia histrionica @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Oebalus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Parabrochymena arborea @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Podisus maculiventris @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Proxys @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Piesmatidae  Piesma cinereum @ NCSU (1)
Psathyrellaceae  Ozonium omnivorum @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Chorizococcus rostellum @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Dysmicoccus morrisoni @ MEMU_ENT (20); CSCA_TCN (1)

Eurycoccus blanchardii @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Ferrisia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Heliococcus stachyos @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Planococcus citri @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Pseudococcus longispinus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Pseudococcus @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Reduviidae  Arilus cristatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Sinea diadema @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Sinea @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Zelus luridus @ UCR_ENT (1); MEMU_ENT (8)

Zelus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Rhyparochromidae  Paromius longulus @ NCSU (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Tingidae  Corythucha cydoniae @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Corythucha juglandis @ NCSU (21)

Corythucha pergandei @ NCSU (1)
Viscaceae  Phoradendron leucarpum @ I_TQBH (3)
_  Acanthocephala ( @ MEMU_ENT (8)

Cell phone @ I_TQBH (1)

Ceratocapsidea fusiformis @ NCSU_ENT (1)

GPS @ I_TQBH (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/cillinoensis.htm

Following modified from US Forest Service
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/carya/illinoesis.htm

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00002838 nsw%201995%20l12%20h017
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00001365 wa%201996%20l18%20h061
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00000650 wa%201996%20l39%20h122
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00000679 wa99l06h19e
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00000679 wa99l06h19d
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00000679 wa1999%20l06%20h019
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00001676 wa%201996%20l26%20h088
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00002033 wa%201996%20l16%20h045
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00002269 wa%201997%20l55%20h105
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00001436 wa%201996%20l37%20h119
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00002277 wa1999%20l59%20h193
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00007349 nsw%201995%20l15%20h024
   
Top | See original context

Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00001753 wa%201996%20l39%20h120
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from Flora of North America
   
Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 3 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Juglandaceae | Carya

2. Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch, Dendrologie. 1: 593. 1869.

Pecan, pecanier, nogal morado, nuez encarcelada

Juglans illinoinensis Wangenheim, Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss., 54, plate 18, fig. 43. 1787, excluding fruit; Hicoria olivaeformis (Michaux) Nuttall; H . pecan (Marshall) Britton

Trees , to 44 m. Bark light gray or brownish, ridged with appressed scales or exfoliating with small platelike scales. Twigs tan to reddish brown, slender, hirsute, conspicuously scaly, sometimes becoming glabrous. Terminal buds yellowish brown, oblong, 6-12 mm, hirsute, scaly; bud scales valvate; axillary buds protected by bracteoles fused into hood. Leaves 4-7 dm; petiole 4-8 cm, glabrous to scurfy with short single hairs or scattered fascicles. Leaflets (7-)9-13(-17), lateral petiolules 0-7 mm, terminal petiolules 5-25 mm; blades ovate-lanceolate, often falcate, 2-16 × 1-7 cm, margins finely to coarsely serrate, without tufts of hairs, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially hirsute or with scattered unicellular and 2-rayed fasciculate hairs, scaly with large peltate scales and small round peltate scales, adaxially without hairs or rarely hirsute with unicellular hairs along midrib, and with scattered 2-6-rayed fasciculate hairs, moderately scaly in spring. Staminate catkins essentially sessile, to 18 cm, stalks with small capitate-glandular trichomes; anthers sparsely pilose. Fruits dark brown, ovoid-ellipsoid, not compressed, 2.5-6 × 1.5-3 cm; husks rough, 3-4 mm thick, dehiscing to base or nearly so, sutures winged; nuts tan to brown and mottled with black patches, ovoid-ellipsoid, not compressed, not angled, smooth; shells thin. Seeds sweet. 2 n = 32.

Flowering spring. Along stream banks, river flood plains, and on well-drained soils; 0-600(-1000) m; Ark., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., Okla., Tenn., Tex.; Mexico.

Extensive cultivation and naturalization have confounded interpretation of the natural range of Carya illinoinensis . The pecan hybridizes with C . aquatica ( C . × lecontei Little [= Hicoria texana Le Conte]), C . cordiformis ( C . × brownii Sargent), C . laciniosa ( C . × nussbaumeri Sargent), and C . ovata , and reputedly with the tetraploid C . tomentosa ( C . × schneckii Sargent). J. W. Thieret (1961) pointed out that C . illinoinensis was the spelling Wangenheim used throughout his publication, and there is no valid basis for accepting the deviant spelling " illinoensis " that is so widely used today (E. L. Little Jr. 1979).

Carya illinoinensis is the state tree of Texas.

Native Americans used Carya illlinoinensis medicinally as a dermatological aid and as a remedy for tuberculosis (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2021-10-25 02:03:05 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation