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Carya laciniosa (Michx. f.) G. Don
SHELLBARK HICKORY
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Juglandaceae   Carya

Carya laciniosa, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, whole tree or vine - general

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Carya laciniosa, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Carya laciniosa, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Carya laciniosa, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
Carya laciniosa, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, bark - of a large tree

Carya laciniosa, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, leaf - whole upper surface
Carya laciniosa, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, twig - orientation of petioles

Carya laciniosa, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, twig - orientation of petioles
Carya laciniosa, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Carya laciniosa, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Carya laciniosa, twig - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, twig - unspecified

Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - ventral view of flower + perianth
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - ventral view of flower + perianth

Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - whole - female
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - whole - female
Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carya laciniosa, inflorescence - whole - male

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus decurvatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Reuteria dobsoni @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Reuteria fuscicornis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Zopfiaceae  Caryospora putaminum @ BPI (1)
_  Monochaetia desmazieri @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/carya/laciniosa.htm

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CALA21 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CALA21
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Carya laciniosa (Michx. f.) G. Don
shellbark hickory

Image of Carya laciniosa

General Information
Symbol: CALA21
Group: Dicot
Family: Juglandaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Carya thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, WV, Keyser. Usage Requirements .

W.J. Beal. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MI, Morenci. 1901. Usage Requirements .

A.T. Boisen. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, IN, Orange Co. 1907. Usage Requirements .

A.T. Boisen. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, OH, Defiance Co. 1907. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Durham Co., Durham. September 21, 2012. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 582. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
HILA7 Hicoria laciniosa (Michx. f.) Sarg.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Juglandales
Family Juglandaceae – Walnut family
Genus Carya Nutt. – hybrid hickory
Species Carya laciniosa (Michx. f.) G. Don – shellbark hickory

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maryland big shellbark hickory Endangered
New York big shellbark hickory Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain
Western Gulf Coast FAC
North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CALA21)
Flora of North America (CALA21)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CALA21)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HILA7)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CALA21)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CALA21)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CALA21)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CALA21)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (CALA21)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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6. Carya laciniosa (F. Michaux) G. Don in J. C. Loudon, Hort. Brit. 384. 1830.

Shellbark hickory, kingnut

Juglans laciniosa F. Michaux, Hist. Arbr. Forest. 1(2): 199, plate 8. 1811; Hicoria laciniosa (F. Michaux) Sargent

Trees , to 41 m. Bark light gray, fissured or exfoliating, separating freely into large, thick, broad plates that persist. Twigs orange-tan, stout, hirsute, scaly. Terminal buds tan, broadly ovoid with apices of outer scales prolonged, 12-20 mm, tomentose; bud scales imbricate; axillary buds protected by bracteoles fused into hood. Leaves 6-9 dm; petiole 6-13 cm, minutely hirsute, becoming glabrous at base. Leaflets (5-)7-9(-11), lateral petiolules 0-1 mm, terminal petiolules 2-14 mm; blades ovate to obovate or elliptic, not falcate, 9-20 × 3-10 cm, margins coarsely serrate, apex narrowly acuminate; surfaces abaxially hirsute with unicellular, 2-6-rayed fasciculate and occasionally multiradiate hairs, scaly with abundant large peltate scales and small round peltate scales, adaxially hirsute along midrib, puberulent throughout. Staminate catkins pedunculate, to 20 cm, stalks and bracts minutely hirsute, capitate-glandular; anthers hirsute. Fruits tan to brown, spheric to ellipsoid, not compressed or slightly so, 4.5-6 × 4-5 cm; husks minutely hirsute, 7-13 mm thick, dehiscing to base, sutures smooth; nuts tan, ellipsoid, compressed, 4-angled, rugulose; shells thick. Seeds sweet.

Flowering spring. Rich bottomlands, along creeks, and in open cedar glades; 20-300 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

The most southern locality of Carya laciniosa is an outlier from Hardin County, Texas. Carya laciniosa hybridizes with C . illinoinensis ( C . × nussbaumeri Sargent) and C . ovata ( C . × dunbarii Sargent), and possibly C . cordiformis .

Cherokee Indians used Carya laciniosa medicinally as an analgesic, a gastrointestinal aid, and a general disease remedy (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2018-11-18 08:13:30 gmt
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