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Celtis laevigata Willd.
SUGARBERRY
Netleaf Hackberry; Celtis reticulata

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ulmaceae   Celtis

Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

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Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis laevigata

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Arthoniaceae  Arthonia @ GAL (1)
Auriculariaceae  Auricularia fuscosuccinea @ BPI (1)
Candelariaceae  Candelaria concolor @ GAL (1)
Cicadellidae  Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Erythridula plena @ III (1)

Oncometopia ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Erysiphaceae  Uncinula parvula @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea ambigua @ BPI (1)
Haematommataceae  Haematomma @ GAL (1)
Miridae  Coridromius chenopoderis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris nebulosus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp12 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp16 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp23 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp4c sp_nsp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Hamatophylus guttulosus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myrtlemiris tesselatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neolygus caryae @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Orthotylus celtidis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Phytocoris breviusculus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercosporella celtidis @ BPI (2)
Pentatomidae  Acrosternum hilare @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Physciaceae  Dirinaria picta @ GAL (1)

Dirinaria purpurascens @ GAL (1)

Hyperphyscia adglutinata @ GAL (2)

Physcia neogaea @ GAL (2)
Piesmatidae  Mcateella interioris @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Polyporaceae  Fomes marmoratus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus crocatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus robiniophilus @ BPI (1)
Psyllidae  Tetragonocephala flava @ MEMU_ENT (25)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula ochraceoflavens @ GAL (1)

Pyrenula thelomorpha @ GAL (1)
Ramalinaceae  Bacidia schweinitzii @ GAL (1)

Bacidia @ GAL (1)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia orasinusensis @ BPI (1)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium fumigatum @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium sinuosum @ BPI (1)
Thelotremataceae  Ocellularia americana @ GAL (1)
Tingidae  Corythucha celtidis @ NCSU (2)
Xylariaceae  Entonaema aurantiacum @ BPI (1)
_  Gn_ms_granitohyoidea sp_wa0909msp119 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following served from Calflora
   
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Following modified from Duke University
   
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http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/cela.html ---> https://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/cela.html
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CELA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CELA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CELA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CELA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CELA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CELA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Celtis laevigata Willd.
sugarberry

Image of Celtis laevigata

General Information
Symbol: CELA
Group: Dicot
Family: Ulmaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Celtis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, OK. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. Usage Requirements .

Robert Ridgeway. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, IL, Wabash Co. 1890. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CEMI9 Celtis mississippiensis Bosc

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Urticales
Family Ulmaceae – Elm family
Genus Celtis L. – hackberry
Species Celtis laevigata Willd. – sugarberry

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Celtis laevigata . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Celtis laevigata</i>
Willd. var. <i>
brevipes</i>
(S. Watson) Sarg.
Celtis laevigata var. brevipes
sugarberry Distribution of <i>
Celtis laevigata</i>
Willd. var. <i>
laevigata </i>
Celtis laevigata var. laevigata
sugarberry Distribution of <i>
Celtis laevigata</i>
Willd. var. <i>
reticulata</i>
(Torr.) L.D. Benson
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
netleaf hackberry Distribution of <i>
Celtis laevigata</i>
Willd. var. <i>
smallii</i>
(Beadle) Sarg.
Celtis laevigata var. smallii
Small's hackberry Distribution of <i>
Celtis laevigata</i>
Willd. var. <i>
texana</i>
Sarg.
Celtis laevigata var. texana
Texan sugarberry

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CELA)
Flora of North America (CELA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CELA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEMI9)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CELA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CELA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CELA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CELA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CELA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CELA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CELA)
Related Websites
AL-Alabama State Forestery Fact Sheet (CELA)
AL-Plant Identification Resource (Auburn University Horticulture) (CELA)
AL-Trees of Alabama and the Southeast (CELA)
AR-University of Arkansas Horticulture (CELA)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (CELA)
FL-Natives For Your Neighborhood (CELA)
FL-USFS Plant Fact Sheet (CELA)
Forestry Images (CELA)
LA-Coastal Roots (CELA)
LA-LSU Horticulture (CELA)
LA-Louisiana Ecosystems and Plant Identification (CELA)
NC-Native Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (CELA)
NC-Trees of the Maritime Forest (CELA)
NY-Cornell University Horticulture (CELA)
OH-Street Tree Evaluation Project (CELA)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (CELA)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (CELA)
TN-Vanderbilt Bioimages (CELA)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (CELA)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (CELA)
http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/floraok (CELA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow Minor Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow

Sources

Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ulmaceae | Celtis

1. Celtis laevigata Willdenow, Enum. Pl. suppl: 67. 1814.

Sugarberry, palo blanco

Celtis laevigata var. anomala Sargent; C . laevigata var. brachyphylla Sargent; C . laevigata var. smallii (Beadle) Sargent; C . laevigata var. texana Sargent; C . mississippiensis Bosc; C . smallii Beadle

Trees , to 30 m; trunks to 1 m diam., crowns broad, spreading. Bark light gray, smooth or covered with corky warts. Branches without thorns, often pendulous, young branches pubescent at first, then glabrous. Leaves: petiole 6-10 mm. Leaf blade typically elliptic-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, (4-)6-8(-15) × (2-)3-4 cm, thin and membranaceous to leathery, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margins entire or rarely with a few long teeth, apex sharply acute to acuminate; surfaces glabrous or nearly so, margins ciliate. Inflorescences: flowers solitary or few-flowered clusters at base of leaves. Drupes orange to brown or red when ripe, nearly orbicular, 5-8 mm diam., beakless; pedicel 6-15 mm. Stones 4.5-7 × 5-6 mm. 2 n = 20, 30, and 40.

Flowering late spring-early fall (May-Oct). In rich bottomlands along streams, in flood plains, and on rocky slopes; 0-300 m; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.; n Mexico.

The Houma used preparations from the bark of Celtis laevigata to treat sore throats and venereal disease (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Celtis+laevigata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Celtis+laevigata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Celtis laevigata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
Netleaf Hackberry
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1135 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Celtis laevigata
Celtis laevigata
Sugarberry
ID: 0000 0000 0218 1964 [detail]
© 2018 Susan McDougall

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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