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Ceratina cockerelli H. S. Smith, 1907
Ceratina lunata_homonym HS Smith, 1907; Ceratina cockerelli HS Smith, 1907, replacement name; Ceratina (Ceratina) cockerelli HS Smith, 1907; Ceratina lunata

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Apidae   Ceratina
Subgenus: Ceratinula

Ceratina cockerelli, female, back 2012-06-29-15.54.31 ZS PMax
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Ceratina cockerelli, female, back 2012-06-29-15.54.31 ZS PMax

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Ceratina cockerelli, female, face 2012-06-29-15.58.16 ZS PMax
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Ceratina cockerelli, female, face 2012-06-29-15.58.16 ZS PMax
Ceratina cockerelli, male, face 2012-07-23-16.18.18 ZS PMax
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Ceratina cockerelli, male, face 2012-07-23-16.18.18 ZS PMax

Ceratina cockerelli, male, side 2012-07-23-16.24.39 ZS PMax
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Ceratina cockerelli, male, side 2012-07-23-16.24.39 ZS PMax
Ceratina cockerelli, Female, cheek fore tibia
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, Female, cheek fore tibia

Ceratina cockerelli, female, dorsal abd
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, female, dorsal abd
Ceratina cockerelli, Female, dorsal thorax
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, Female, dorsal thorax

Ceratina cockerelli, Female, dorsal whole body
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, Female, dorsal whole body
Ceratina cockerelli, female, face
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, female, face

Ceratina cockerelli, female, face forehead
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, female, face forehead
Ceratina cockerelli, female, foretibia
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, female, foretibia

Ceratina cockerelli, female, mesepisternum 1
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, female, mesepisternum 1
Ceratina cockerelli, female, scutum
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, female, scutum

Ceratina cockerelli, female, coxae
Deana M. Crumbling · 9
Ceratina cockerelli, female, coxae
Ceratina cockerelli, distributionmap
© Daly, 1973 · 1
Ceratina cockerelli, distributionmap
Overview
Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1962 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 152.

FEMALE—Length 3.5-4.5 mm.; general body color black, clypeus with a median, oblong, yellow maculation; legs piceous basally, outer surface of front tibiae ivory, the tarsi yellow; mid and hind tibiae relatively dark, with rather small and obscure, basal, yellowish maculations, the tarsi becoming yellowish apically, spurs pale yellOw; tubercles ivory; tegulae yellowish-hyaline; wings subhyaline, veins testaceous to piceous; cheeks about equal to eyes in width, somewhat swollen below; clypeus quite flat, its median length about equal to apical width; mandibles tndentate apically; eyes slightly convergent below; segments 2-6 of flagellum somewhat broader than long; surface of head and thorax largely polished, head impunctate except for a few punctures across vertex and along inner orbits; pleura with minute, slightly separated and rather vague punctures; scutum minutely punctate anteriorly and posteriorly; scutellum with very fine and rather close punctures; propodeum rather dull and finely tessellate; abdominal terga 1- smooth but rather dull, practically impunetate, with only a few very minute punctures across apex of 2, 3 with minute scattered punctures across base and over apical half, 4 and 5 largely covered with rather deep but very fine and quite close punctures; pubescence very short, thin and obscure, hardly evident, visible chiefly on thorax laterally and on legs, forming a whitish seopa on hind tibiae, and the more apical abdominal segments thinly whitish pubescent.

MALE—Length 3-4 mm.; general body color black, the clypeus largely yellow; labrum with a median, basal, yellow macuation and a pair of small, lateral maculations between clypeus and lower margin of eye; legs piceous basally, tarsi and spurs yellowish; front tibiae yellowish, outer surface pale ivory, and lower margin of femur narrowly yellow; mid and hind tibiae brownish-testaceous, narrowly yellow basally; tubercles ivory, the tegulae more testaceous; wings subhyaline, becoming faintly clouded apically, veins testaceous; cheeks somewhat narrower than eyes, somewhat swollen below; clypeus quite flat, median length about equal to apical width; eyes slightly convergent below; mandibles bidentate apically; segments 2-5 of flagellum considerably broader than long; hind feniora slightly dilated toward base but not angulate; carina of ten- gum 7 produced on each side to form an acute, rather slender spine; surface of head quite smooth, polished in large part, a few punctures evident on vertex; pleura with some minute, rather vague and sparse punctures, the scuturn minutely punetate anteriorly, scutellum with very minute, well separated punctures, propodeum minutely tessellate; abdominal terga somewhat roughened, discs of 1 and 2 without evident punctures, 3 with some minute punctures across the apical third, 8-5 with quite distinct, very fine and rather close punctures; pubescence extremely short, thin and obscure, hardly evident, visible chiefly on mid and hind legs and on the more apical abdominal segments; apical margin of sternum 6 deeply cleft medially, with a minute, peg-like tuberele at its base; basal stem of sternum 7 quite elongate, strongly compressed and keel like, the lateral arms very slender; gonocoxites of genital armature slender apically, strongly flexed toward mid-line, the tips approximate.
Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1962 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 152.
FEMALE—Length 3.5-4.5 mm.; general body color black, clypeus with a median, oblong, yellow maculation; legs piceous basally, outer surface of front tibiae ivory, the tarsi yellow; mid and hind tibiae relatively dark, with rather small and obscure, basal, yellowish maculations, the tarsi becoming yellowish apically, spurs pale yellow; tubercles ivory; tegulae yellowish-hyaline; wings subhyaline, veins testaceous to piceous; cheeks about equal to eyes in width, somewhat swollen below; clypeus quite flat, its median length about equal to apical width; mandibles tridentate apically; eyes slightly convergent below; segments 2-6 of flagellum somewhat broader than long; surface of head and thorax largely polished, head impunctate except for a few punctures across vertex and along inner orbits; pleura with minute, slightly separated and rather vague punctures; scutum minutely punctate anteriorly and posteriorly; scutellum with very fine and rather close punctures; propodeum rather dull and finely tessellate; abdominal terga 1- smooth but rather dull, practically impunctate, with only a few very minute punctures across apex of 2, 3 with minute scattered punctures across base and over apical half, 4 and 5 largely covered with rather deep but very fine and quite close punctures; pubescence very short, thin and obscure, hardly evident, visible chiefly on thorax laterally and on legs, forming a whitish scopa on hind tibiae, and the more apical abdominal segments thinly whitish pubescent.
MALE—Length 3-4 mm.; general body color black, the clypeus largely yellow; labrum with a median, basal, yellow macuation and a pair of small, lateral maculations between clypeus and lower margin of eye; legs piceous basally, tarsi and spurs yellowish; front tibiae yellowish, outer surface pale ivory, and lower margin of femur narrowly yellow; mid and hind tibiae brownish-testaceous, narrowly yellow basally; tubercles ivory, the tegulae more testaceous; wings subhyaline, becoming faintly clouded apically, veins testaceous; cheeks somewhat narrower than eyes, somewhat swollen below; clypeus quite flat, median length about equal to apical width; eyes slightly convergent below; mandibles bidentate apically; segments 2-5 of flagellum considerably broader than long; hind femora slightly dilated toward base but not angulate; carina of ten- gum 7 produced on each side to form an acute, rather slender spine; surface of head quite smooth, polished in large part, a few punctures evident on vertex; pleura with some minute, rather vague and sparse punctures, the scutum minutely punctate anteriorly, scutellum with very minute, well separated punctures, propodeum minutely tessellate; abdominal terga somewhat roughened, discs of 1 and 2 without evident punctures, 3 with some minute punctures across the apical third, 8-5 with quite distinct, very fine and rather close punctures; pubescence extremely short, thin and obscure, hardly evident, visible chiefly on mid and hind legs and on the more apical abdominal segments; apical margin of sternum 6 deeply cleft medially, with a minute, peg-like tubercle at its base; basal stem of sternum 7 quite elongate, strongly compressed and keel like, the lateral arms very slender; gonocoxites of genital armature slender apically, strongly flexed toward mid-line, the tips approximate.

DISTRIBUTION—Georgia and Florida, January to September.

FLOWER RECORDS—Bidens, Erigeron, Euphorbia and Polygala.


Reprinted with permission from: Daly, Howell. 1973. Bees of the Genus Ceratina in America North of Mexico (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) University of California Publications in Entomology Volume 74:1-113

Ceratina lunata H. S. Smith, 1907, Amer. Eat. Soc. Trans., 33:119 (male holotype, female; Texas, Lee Co., Fedor; Univ. Nebraska). Preocc.
Ceratina cockerelli H. S. Smith, 1907, Canad. Eat., 39:260. New name Ceratina (Ceratinula) cockerelli, Mitchell, 1962, North Carolina Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 152:501 (desc., ♀ ♂key, figs., geogr., flwr.)

Female.—Measurements and ratios: wing, 2.6 mm; hamuli, 5; eye, 75:75:70:60; clypeus, 45x 5217:52; interocellar, 15:25:7:25, Ø 9.0; frontal carina, 45; malar area, Ox 27; interalveelar, 20:15:27:35, 10; antenna, 25:10:7:3:3:4, Ø 10; subpleural signum, 7.5 x 2. (Texas, Bell Co., Temple; Univ. Kansas).
Male.--Measurements and ratios: wing, 2.35 mm; hamuli, 5; eye, 72:70:60:47; clypeus, 40x 47:15:45; interocellar, 12:22:5: 20, Ø 11; frontal carina, 37; malar area, 0 x 22; interalveolar, 17:10:25:32, Ø 11; antenna, 25:10:7:3:3:5, Ø 7.5; subpleural signum, 7.5 x 1.2. (paratype from type locality)

Mitchell has recently redescribed C. cockerelli and provided a key, distributional data, and flower records. This is the smallest eastern carpenter bee (fig. 17). The females are virtually identical with C. arizonensis of the southwestern United States, but the males may be easily distinguished by the reduced ivory maculations on the parocular areas; apex of the seventh metasomal tergum with lateral, toothlike angles; sixth sternum with a single median tooth and well-defined lateral teeth (fig. 13c); and different genitalia (fig. 30d). Sample statistics are: female wing lengths, 2.46 ± .032 mm, range 2.15—2.70 mm, n = 23; male wing lengths, 2.47 ± .019 mm, range 2.20—2.70 mm, n = 42. Nothing has been published on the biology, but Sage (in litt.) has found nests in dead, cut stems of sea-oats, Uniola paniculata L., on the beach of Mustang Island, Texas.

Florida.. ALACHUA Co.: “Alachua Co.,” 1 female V-13-55, 3 females V-2-56 on Erigeron queroifolius, 1 female IV-17-56 on Stachys floridana (all collected by R. A. Morse). Gainesville, 1 female III-24-53 (H. F. Howden), 1 male V-24-56 on Melilotus alba (B. A. Morse). COLLIER Co.: Marco, 2 female III-28-54 (K. V. Krombein). DADE Co.: Cocoanut Grove, 1 maleVII-9-30 (R. Beamer). Homestead, 1 male VII-20-48 (B. McDermott). Miami Beach, 1 female 1 male IV-1-23 on Polygala (S. Graenicher), 1 male‘ VII-29-16 (S. Graenicher). Royal Palm Park, 1 male IV-(12-18)-23 (no further data), 1 female VII-22-48 (R. Beamer). DUVAL Co.: Jacksonville, 6 females 11 males VI- (1-14) -58 (D. Ribble). MONROE Co.: Key Largo, 1 female 2 males II-26-56 (H. V. Weems), 1 male IV-11-59 (T. B. Mitchell), 1 male VII-19-39 (D. E. Hardy).

Georgia. COLQUIPT Co.: Norman Park, 1 female IX-5-49 (T. B. Mitchell). EVANS Co.: Claxton, 1 male VIII-27-60 (L. A. Stange). GLYNN Co.: St. Simons Isl., 1 female IV-22 to V-12 1911 (J. C. Bradley). RICHMOND Co.: Augusta, 5 males III-24-59, 2 females IV-(1-11)-59 on Rubus1 male IV-3-59 on Lupinus 2 males IV-5-59, 1 female VI-13-59, 1 male VII-19-58 on Heterotheca 1 female VIII-22-58 (all collected by R. Snelling).

Louisiana. CALCASIEU Parish: Lake Charles, 3 mi SE, 2 femaleVI-9-60 on Sabatia campestris. (H. V. Daly). ST. Landry Parish: Opelousas, 1 male VII-8-60 on Sida leptophylla (H. V. Daly). South Carolina. Aiken Co.: Aiken, 1 female VIII-24-57 (W. H. Richards). DORCHESTER Co.: St. George, 1 female VI-2-53 (O. L. Cartwright).

Texas. BELL Co.: Temple, 2 female III-30-51 (R. Beamer). CAMERON Co.: Boca Chica Beach, 1 female IV-17-63 on Gaillardia (R. Roberts). Brownsville, 1 female III-24-36 on Monarda citriodora (P. A. Glick), 2 females 1 male V-1921 (J. C. Bridwell). Santa Maria, 2 males- III-28-51 one on Phacelia patuliflora (Beamer, Michener). Southmost, 3 female III-27-51 two on Monarda cirtiodora and one on Agastache breviflora (Beamer, Michener), 7females 24 males VI-13-53 on Lippia (Univ. Kans. Mex. Exp.). Dallas CO.: Dallas, University Park, 1 female‘ II-13-57 on pistillate Citrullus vulgaris (L. H. Shinners). HIDALG0 Co.: “Hidalgo Co.,” 1 female VII-28-28 (J. G. Shaw). Hidalgo, 2 female 1 male VII-18-54 (Univ. Kans. Mex. Exp.), 1 male IV-12-50 (Michener, et al.). Progreso, 1 female IV-12-50 (Michener, et al.). KENEDY Co.: Sarita, 18 mi S, 6 females 1 male VI-5-61 (Univ. Kans. Mex. Exp.). LAMAR Co.: Paris, 1 female VII-27-05 (F. C. Bishop). LEE Co.: Fedor, 1 male IV-4-02 paratype of C. lunata (no further data). MAVERICK Co.: Quemado, I female IX-3-60 (P. M. Maran). NACOGDOCHES Co.: Nacogdoches, 1 female IV-14-60 (A. Shinn). VAL VERDE Co.: Devil’s Riv., 1 female V-6-07 on Marilaunidium origanifolium (F. C. Bishop). Sonora, 36 mi 5, 1 male IV-10-50 (Michener, et at). VICTORIA Co.: Victoria, 2 females II-7-09 (J. D. Mitchell), 3 female III-16-08 on Callihoe involucrata (Hood, Mitchell).


Names
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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Asteraceae  Erigeron quercifolius @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Iridaceae  Sisyrinchium rosulatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

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