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Chamaecyparis thyoides (L. ) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR
Atlantic white-cedar; Swamp-cedar

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Cupressaceae   Chamaecyparis

Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar, branching
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar, branching

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Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar, fruit
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar, fruit
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar

Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar

Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Chamaecyparis thyoides, Atlantic white cedar

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia elliptica @ BPI (4)

Pestalotia conigena @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia foedans @ BPI (9)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (2)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora arida @ BPI (1)

Coniophora ellisii @ BPI (2)

Coniophora leucothrix @ BPI (2)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium calceum @ BPI (1)

Corticium lacteum @ BPI (1)

Corticium luteum @ BPI (1)

Corticium pseudotsugae @ BPI (1)

Corticium scutellare @ BPI (3)

Corticium vagum @ BPI (2)

Corticium @ BPI (1)
Eriococcidae  Keithia chamaecyparissi @ 668107B (1); BPI (1); 668107A (1)

Keithia @ BPI (2)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia foliicola @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum ellisianum @ BPI (4)

Hydnum stevensonii @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete simulans @ BPI (2)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (1)
Magnaporthaceae  Clasterosporium larvatum @ BPI (1)

Mycoleptodiscus atromaculans @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Harknessia thujina @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Neocosmospora endophytica @ BPI (2)
Onagraceae  Kneiffia candidissima @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora pubera @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Dendryphion harknessii @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes roseus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus pinsitus @ BPI (1)

Poria hydnoides @ BPI (1)

Poria papyracea @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Gymnosporangium betheli-biseptatum @ BPI (3)

Gymnosporangium biseptatum @ 876023B (1); BPI (29)

Gymnosporangium botryapites @ BPI (5); 116498B (1)

Gymnosporangium clavariiforme @ 117293B (1); 117293A (1); BPI (1)

Gymnosporangium ellisii @ BPI (74)

Gymnosporangium fraternum @ BPI (12); 876027C (1)

Gymnosporangium hyalinum @ BPI (10)

Gymnosporangium kernianum @ BPI (1)

Gymnosporangium myricatum @ BPI (1)

Gymnosporangium transformans @ BPI (3)
Steccherinaceae  Steccherinum ballouii @ BPI (1)

Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis sphaeroboloides @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora pustulata @ BPI (3)

Cytospora thujae @ BPI (2)
_  Hormonema dematioides @ BPI (1)

Hysteromyxa effugiens @ BPI (1)

Illosporium coccinellum @ BPI (1)

Porothelium @ BPI (1)

Zygodesmus pannosus @ BPI (3)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHTH2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHTH2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHTH2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHTH2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHTH2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHTH2
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Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Atlantic white cedar

Image of Chamaecyparis thyoides

General Information
Symbol: CHTH2
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Cupressaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Other Common Names: southern white cedar
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Chamaecyparis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

H.S. Graves. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NJ. 1897. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 65. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CHHE4 Chamaecyparis henryae H.L. Li
CHTHH Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. var. henryae (H.L. Li) Little
CUTH Cupressus thyoides L.
CUTHH Cupressus thyoides L. ssp. henryae (H.L. Li) Silba

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Cupressaceae – Cypress family
Genus Chamaecyparis Spach – cedar
Species Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. – Atlantic white cedar

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Georgia Atlantic white cedar Rare
Maine Atlantic white-cedar Special Concern
New York Atlantic white-cedar Rare
Pennsylvania Atlantic white cedar Extirpated

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CHTH2)
Flora of North America (CHTH2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHHE4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHTH2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHTHH)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CHTH2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CHTH2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CHTH2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CHTH2)
Related Websites
Atlantic White Cedar: Ecology, Restoration, and Management Symposium (CHTH2)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (CHTH2)
GA-Georgia Wildlife Resources Division (CHTH2)
Gymnosperms.org (CHTH2)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (CHTH2)
NC-North Carolina State University Plant Fact Sheets (CHTH2)
NC-Trees of the Maritime Forest (NCSU) (CHTH2)
Native Conifers of North America (CHTH2)
USDA Forest Service Center for Wood Anatomy Research (CHTH2)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (CHTH2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Cupressaceae | Chamaecyparis

1. Chamaecyparis thyoides (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg, Prelim. Cat. 71. 1888.

Atlantic white-cedar, southern white-cedar

Cupressus thyoides Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1003. 1753; Chamaecyparis henryae Li H. L.; C . thyoides subsp. henryae (Li H. L.) E. Murray; C . thyoides var. henryae (Li H. L.) Little

Trees to 20(--28) m; trunk to 0.8(--1.5) m diam. Bark dark brownish red, less than 3 cm thick, irregularly furrowed and ridged. Branchlet sprays fan-shaped. Leaves of branchlets to 2 mm, apex acute to acuminate, bases of facial leaves often overlapped by apices of subtending facial leaves; glands usually present, circular. Pollen cones 2--4 mm, dark brown; pollen sacs yellow. Seed cones maturing and opening the first year, 4--9 mm broad, glaucous, bluish purple to reddish brown, not notably resinous; scales 5--7. Seeds 1--2 per scale, 2--3 mm, wing narrower than body.

Bogs and swamps of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts (primarily Coastal Plain); 0--500 m; Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va.

Li H. L. (1962) segregated some populations at the extreme southwestern limit of the species in Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi as Chamaecyparis henryae based on smoother bark, less flattened branchlets, lighter yellowish green foliage, steeper angle of leaf appression to the stem, more prominently keeled but less glandular leaves, and slightly larger cones, seeds, and seed wings. These features were contrasted with phenotypes found in the "northern and mid-Atlantic" populations, and Li proposed a relationship to C . nootkatensis rather than to C . thyoides . Preliminary comparison of herbarium material from the Southeast (including populations in Georgia and Florida) leads to retention of C . thyoides as a subtly variable complex with the imperfectly differentiated C . henryae at one end of the range.

A. J. Rehder (1949) listed, with bibliographic citations, 30 published varieties and forms best considered as cultivars.

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chamaecyparis+thyoides&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chamaecyparis+thyoides&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Chamaecyparis thyoides%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic White Cedar
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1593 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic White Cedar
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1594 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic White Cedar
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1595 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Chamaecyparis thyoides
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0923 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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