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Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins, 1903)
Cypselurus atrisignis Jenkins, 1903

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Exocoetidae   Cheilopogon

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Cheilopogon atrisignis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Cheilopogon atrisignis

Click on map for details about points.


Main identification features
  • back: red-brown
  • dorsal fin dark central spot
  • c: grey-brown
  • pectoral: dark + black dots, clear margin
  • a: clear
Body relatively deep (depth <16% of standard length); head short, <22% of standard length; top jaw not protrusible; jaw teeth relatively large, with 1 point, sometimes with smaller points on sides; sides of roof of mouth with teeth; jaws ~equal length, or lower a little longer; juveniles with 2 fused barbels under chin; pelvic origin nearer operculum than base of tail fin, reaches just past anal origin; anal origin under or behind 3rd dorsal ray; pectoral reaches past anal base, 1st ray unbranched; no branch of lateral line to origin of pectoral; 14-16 dorsal rays; 9-10 anal rays, origin under 6th dorsal ray; 33-34 scales in front of dorsal fin.

Red-brown above, silver below; dorsal grey with dark spot in middle; pectorals dark, with numerous small black spots, rear border narrowly clear; anal clear; tail grey-brown; pelvics rays grey, membrane clear.

Size: 33 cm.

Habitat: surface pelagic, around offshore islands.

Depth: 0-5 m.

Indo-Pacific; the Revillagigedos and the Galapagos.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=20; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-90; Latitudinal range=22; Longitudinal range=25.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 33 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Multiple oceanic islands endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Barez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Len:153-170.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Jenkins, O. P., 1903., Report on collections of fishes made in the Hawaiian Islands, with descriptions of new species., Bull. U.S. Fish Comm., 22:415-511.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Barez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Fishes collected from the Revillagigedo Islands during the 1954-1958 cruises of the "Marijean."., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 4:10pp.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beloniformes  
 Family Exocoetidae  
 Genus Cheilopogon  
  Cheilopogon atrisignis    (Jenkins, 1903) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Cypselurus atrisignis Cypselurus atrisignis atrisignis Cypselurus gregoryi Cypselurus multimaculatus Cypsilurus atrisignis Cypsilurus atrisignis galapagensis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: Body elongate, broadly cylindrical. Head short. Snout blunt. Mouth small. Both jaws of equal length, or lower jaw a little longer than upper jaw; juveniles with a pair of elongated and flattened rounded barbels. Gill rakers well developed. Dorsal fin with 13-15 soft rays; Origin of anal fin behind 3rd soft ray of dorsal fin, and with 9-11 soft rays; pectoral fins high on sides, strikingly long, always extending beyond posterior end of anal fin, only the first ray unbranched; pelvic fin long, extending beyond of anal fin when depressed; caudal fin deeply forked, its lower lobe longer than the upper. Scales large, cycloid, easily shed; predorsal scales 32-36; lateral line without branch at throrax, with 55-58 scales. Body deep blue above, pale below; dorsal fin with distinct black region; pectoral fin redding and semitransparent, with many dark dots, and a black ocellus near the tip; caudal fin transparent.  
Habitat: Found in neritic and oceanic waters. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Indian and Pacific oceans from Somalia and Madagascar to Revillagigedos and Galapagos islands in the eastern Pacific. It is found in eastern and southeastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Minor importance to fisheries. Marketed fresh, dried.  
Name Code: 380869
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins , 1903)

Glider flyingfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cheilopogon atrisignis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Cheilopogon atrisignis (Glider flyingfish) Cheilopogon atrisignis
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Exocoetidae (Flyingfishes)
Etymology: Cheilopogon: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, pogon = barbed, beard (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 86942 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Somalia and Madagascar to the Revillagigedo and Galapagos islands in the eastern Pacific. Absent from the inland seas of Indonesia and from Australian waters (Ref. 27313 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9839 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in neritic and oceanic waters (Ref. 30573 ). Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Parin, Nikolay V. | Collaborators

Parin, N.V. , 1996. On the species composition of flying fishes (Exocoetidae) in the West-Central part of tropical Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 36(5):357-364. (Ref. 27313 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.4 - 29.2, mean 27.5 (based on 36001 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00164 - 0.01111), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Generation time: 1.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.8). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Torres, Armi G. Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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