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Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus (Bennett, 1831)
Great Flying Fish; Great Flying-fish; Larger Flying Fish; Larger Flyingfish; Tallfin Flying Fish; White-banded Flying-fish; Cypselurus pulchellus Lowe, 1841; Exocoetus altipennis Valenciennes, 1847; Exocoetus melanocercus Ogilby, 1885; Exocoetus robustus Günther, 1866; Exocoetus pinnatibarbatus Bennett, 1831; Smallhead flyingfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Exocoetidae   Cheilopogon

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Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus

Click on map for details about points.


Main identification features
  • d: large dark spot
  • pectoral - grey + broad clear margin
  • pectoral reaches tail fin base
  • pelvic long, origin nearer operculum than c
Body relatively slender (depth <16% of standard length); head relatively short (<22% of standard length); snout short (~eye diameter); lower jaw not shorter than top jaw; jaw teeth very evident; dorsal fin 9-13; pectoral fin reaches base of tail fin, its1st ray unbranched; pelvic fin reaches nearly to end of anal fin base, its insertion is nearer the rear edge of the opercle than the base of tail fin; anal fin 9-12, its origin below about 3rd dorsal fin ray; ~50 scales between dorsal fin and front of head

Blue-grey above, silvery below; dorsal with a large dark spot; pectorals dark grey with a wide clear border; remaining fins clear

Size: reaches 48 cm.

Habitat: surface layers inshore and offshore.

Depth: 0-10 m.

Oregon to the tip of Baja California, the SW Gulf of California, also the Revillagigedos Islands.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 10 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=19; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-110; Latitudinal range=14; Longitudinal range=8.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 48 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California province, primarily; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Len:153-170.
  • Cooper, J. G., 1863., On new genera and species of Californian fishes--No. II., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1), 3:93-97.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versin 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo . Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservacin Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, Mxico., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus pinnatibarbatus (Bennett , 1831)

Bennett's flyingfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus pinnatibarbatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus pinnatibarbatus (Bennett\ Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus pinnatibarbatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Exocoetidae (Flyingfishes)
Etymology: Cheilopogon: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, pogon = barbed, beard (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Bennett .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 96339 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Cape Finisterre, Spain to Senegal, one record from Liberia, also Azores, Canary, Cape Verde, Ascension and St. Helena Islands. Reported from São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088 ). Western Atlantic: off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar (Ref. 32000 ). There are subspecies in most subtropical seas.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4498 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in near-shore waters. Tends to occur near land or islands in cooler waters. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for long distances above the surface. Feeds on zooplankton and small fishes. Eggs with filaments over entire surface (Ref. 6523 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Parin, Nikolay V. | Collaborators

Parin, N.V. and R.H. Gibbs Jr. , 1990. Exocoetidae. p. 583-591. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4498 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

Updated: 2020-05-25 21:54:25 gmt
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