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Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker, 1866)
Exocoetus spilonotopterus Bleeker, 1866

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Exocoetidae   Cheilopogon

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Cheilopogon spilonotopterus
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus

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Cheilopogon spilonotopterus Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus

Main identification features
  • back red-brown
  • d: grey + dark spot
  • pectoral: dark brown, narrow clear rear border
  • pelvic: grey
  • a: clear
Head relatively short, <22% of standard length; body relatively deep, <16% of standard length; no branch of lateral line to origin of pectoral; top jaw not protrusible; jaws ~equal length, or lower a little longer; jaw teeth relatively large, with 1 point, sometimes with smaller points on sides; teeth on sides of roof of mouth; insertion of pelvics nearer operculum than base of tail, fin reaching past anal origin; pectoral reaching past anal base; all pectoral rays branched, except 1st ray; juveniles with 2 fused barbels under chin, 29-34 scales before dorsal fin; 13-14 dorsal rays; anal 10-11 rays, origin under dorsal rays 6-8; juvenile barbels extremely long.

Purplish brown to red above, silver below; dorsal fin grey, with a large dark spot; pectorals uniform dark brown, with narrow clear margin; anal clear; pelvics grey; juveniles darker, black pectorals, chin barbel with black fringe.

Size: 38 cm.

Habitat: pelagic, around offshore islands.

Depth: surface, 0-5 m.

Indo-Pacific; the oceanic islands in our region.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 5 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=20; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-87; Latitudinal range=22; Longitudinal range=28.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 38 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Bleeker,., 1866., Systema Balistidorum, Ostracionidorum, Gymnodontidorumque revisum., Neder. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3:8-19.
  • Barez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Len:153-170.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Barez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beloniformes  
 Family Exocoetidae  
 Genus Cheilopogon  
  Cheilopogon spilonotopterus    (Bleeker, 1865) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Cheilopogon spilonopterus Cypselurus spilonotopterus Cypsilurus quindecimradiatus Cypsilurus tahitensis Exocoetus spilonotopterus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: Body elongate, broadly cylindrical. Head short. Snout blunt. Mouth small. Both jaws of equal length, or lower jaw a little longer than upper jaw; juveniles with a pair of very long tapering barbels. Gill rakers well developed. Dorsal fin with 13-14 soft rays; Origin of anal fin behind 3rd soft ray of dorsal fin, and with 10-11 soft rays; pectoral fins high on sides, strikingly long, always extending beyond posterior end of anal fin, only the first ray unbranched; pelvic fin long, extending beyond of anal fin when depressed; caudal fin deeply forked, its lower lobe longer than the upper. Scales large, cycloid, easily shed; predorsal scales 29-34; lateral line without branch at throrax, with 48-55 scales. Body deep blue above, pale below; dorsal fin with distinct black region; pectoral fin purplish-brown when alive, dark in spirits; caudal fin uniformly dark.  
Habitat: Epipelagic in coastal and oceanic waters. May leap out of the water and glide for considerable distances above the surface. Feeds on zooplankton and small fish. 
Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical waters, including the Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan. Also in the eastern Pacific. It is found in southeastern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Name Code: 380871
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Common name (e.g. trout)

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Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Bleeker , 1865)

Stained flyingfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Stained flyingfish) Cheilopogon spilonotopterus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Exocoetidae (Flyingfishes)
Etymology: Cheilopogon: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, pogon = barbed, beard (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Bleeker .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 20 m.   Tropical; 20°N - 1°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific to Eastern Pacific: Widely distributed in tropical waters, including the Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 559 ), Taiwan (Ref. 5193 ) and eastern Pacific (Ref. 9300 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9300 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Epipelagic in coastal and oceanic waters. May leap out of the water and glide for considerable distances above the surface. Feeds on zooplankton and small fish (Ref. 9839 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Parin, Nikolay V. | Collaborators

Parin, N.V. , 1996. On the species composition of flying fishes (Exocoetidae) in the West-Central part of tropical Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 36(5):357-364. (Ref. 27313 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 25 - 29.3, mean 28 (based on 13814 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00164 - 0.01111), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.0   ±0.64 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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