: 9 - 10. Strongly bicolored; dark brown above, white to yellow below. Small eyes. No pelvic fins. 3 narrow black stripes on side; one on lower side wide at front, narrow at rear. 2 black streaks along back before dorsal fin separate to encircle dorsal fin; pink gills visible. Caudal fin clear near base, often black in center; dusky black band in dorsal fin. 0-2 rows of papillae on caudal fin. 9-11 branched caudal rays.
Adults occur on vegetation and debris in swamps, sloughs and quiet pools and backwaters of streams. Found year-round in open streams which are small and well-shaded with temperatures never exceeding 23°C. In such streams, thigmotaxic tendency is shown by the difficulty in seining these individuals from the roots and debris of their preferred habitat along edges of submerged weed banks which border sand-bottomed channels. This habitat is rich in potential food for
like amphipods, ostracods and copepods (Ref.
). Eggs are carried in gill chambers of females (Ref.
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 1.0088 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.3 ±0.47 se; Based on food items.
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.03; Fec=98).
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Luna, Susan M.
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