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Chrysomelidae Latreille, 1802
LEAF BEETLES
Life   Insecta   Coleoptera

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Diabrotica undecimpunctata
Copyright Hadel Go 2014 · 9
Diabrotica undecimpunctata
Acalymma vittatum
Copyright Hadel Go 2014 · 9
Acalymma vittatum

Odontota dorsalis
© Copyright Hadel Go 2014-2015 · 9
Odontota dorsalis
Odontota dorsalis
© Copyright Hadel Go 2014-2015 · 9
Odontota dorsalis

Chrysochus auratus, -unknown, -back 2012-07-24-14.14.17-ZS-PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 9
Chrysochus auratus, -unknown, -back 2012-07-24-14.14.17-ZS-PMax
Chrysochus auratus, -unknown, -side 2012-07-24-14.33.19-ZS-PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 9
Chrysochus auratus, -unknown, -side 2012-07-24-14.33.19-ZS-PMax

Chrysochus auratus, unknown, face 2012-07-24-14.25
© Copyright source/photographer · 9
Chrysochus auratus, unknown, face 2012-07-24-14.25
Cryptocephalus calidus, Casebearing Leaf Beetle Cryptocephalinae
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Cryptocephalus calidus, Casebearing Leaf Beetle Cryptocephalinae

Gastrophysa polygoni, Chrysomelid Beetle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Gastrophysa polygoni, Chrysomelid Beetle
Leptinotarsa juncta, False Potato Beetle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Leptinotarsa juncta, False Potato Beetle

Microrhopala vittata, Leaf-mining Leaf Beetle, Goldenrod Leafminer
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Microrhopala vittata, Leaf-mining Leaf Beetle, Goldenrod Leafminer
Syneta sp.- Leaf Beetle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Syneta sp.- Leaf Beetle

Chrysochus auratus, Dogbane beetle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Chrysochus auratus, Dogbane beetle
Plagiometriona clavata
© Copyright Hadel Go 2011-2016 · 9
Plagiometriona clavata

Coptocycla sp Panama 1
© Don Windsor, 2005-2008 · 1
Coptocycla sp Panama 1
Coptocycla ruficornis
© Copyright Vivian Flinte, Brazil, 2006 · 0
Coptocycla ruficornis
Kinds
Overview
The "tortoise beetles" or Cassidinae are a subfamily of leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae) characterized by
  • 1) elytra extending well beyond the lateral margin of the body
  • 2) anterior surface of the head projecting down and backward and
  • 3) a pronotum partially or wholly covering the head.
Larvae typically carry a shield fashioned of exuviae and fecal deposits supported by a furca on the 8th abdominal segment. Adults and larvae feed externally on foliage of the same host plant species.

Natural history
Tortoise beetles are found on all the vegetated continents, with approximately 15 species occuring in America north of Mexico. Species are diverse and easily seen on morningglory (Convolvulaceae) and nightshade (Solanaceae). Resplendent, metallic-gold elytra (hard, forewings) characterize Charidotella, Cassida, and Deloyala species.

Cassidine species richness increases steadily as one approaches the Equator with Nicaragua containing approximately 100 species, Costa Rica 135 species, Panama 150 species and Colombia over 220 species. The greatest number of Cassidinae species are associated with host plants in the Convolvulaceae, while other species occur on Solanaceae, Bignoniaceae, Boraginaceae and Asteraceae. Other species have recently been found on Rubiaceae and Verbenaceae. A limited number of basal taxa in the tribes Hemisphaerotini, Spilophorini and Oediopalpini are found on various monocotyledenous plant families (Arecaceae, Heliconiaceae, Marantaceae, Bromeliadaceae and Poaceae). Generally, Cassidinae are found in greatest numbers in open, disturbed habitats such as roadsides, treefall gaps and river banks. However, basal taxa in the tropics may be common on understory palms, such as Chamaedorea. Ninty percent of Panamanian species (n=100) occur on herbs, vines or lianas, with only 10% of Cassidinae species occurring on shrub and tree species.


Links to other sites

References
  • Hsiao, T. and D. Windsor 1999. Historical and biological relationships among Hispinae inferred from 12S MTDNA sequence data. pp 39-50 in Advances in Chrysomelidae Biology 1. M.L. Cox (ed.), Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.
  • Seeno, T. and J.A. Wilcox. 1982. Leaf Beetle Genera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).Entomography 1:1-221.
  • Windsor, D.M., E.G. Riley and H.P. Stockwell 1992. An introduction to the biology and systematics of Panamanian tortoise beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae Cassidinae). pp 372-391 in Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica. D. Quintero and A. Aiello (eds.), Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Acknowledgements
Don Windsor, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama

Erin Moore & John Pickering, University of Georgia, Athens


Supported by

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Convolvulaceae  Convolvulus arvensis @ PN- (4)
Fabaceae  Lathyrus latifolius @ PN- (7)

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Updated: 2018-09-22 21:04:43 gmt
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