|California Fungi—Clavaria fragilis
(Photo: © Michael Wood)
Beata Ruris Otia Fungis Danicis 1: 7. 1790.
Fruiting body 3-9 cm tall, 2-4 mm thick, simple, branches rounded to flattened in cross-section, often curved, tapering to a blunt or pointed tip; surface smooth, white, becoming yellowish in age especially at the tips; flesh white, fragile.
Spores 4.5-7 x 2.5-4.0 µm, elliptical, smooth; spore print white.
Solitary, clustered, or in groups on soil or duff in mixed hardwood-conifer woods; fruiting from late fall to mid-winter.
Edible, but unsubstantial.
The white spaghetti-like strands of
, make it among the easiest of coral fungi to recognize. Collecting it, however, can be a challenge due to its brittle nature. Related small, generally unbranched coral fungi include
, grey in color, and like
, may fruit in clusters;
, is a beautiful, purplish to lilac-brown, clustered species, uncommon in our area;
is yellowish-orange, has a mild taste, and is one of our most commonly encountered fairy-clubs;
is similar to
, but usually is yellower, has a bitter taste, and clustered fruitings are typically fused at the base.
Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F.
(1986). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 2: Non-Gilled Fungi. Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 412 p.
(1974). The Club and Coral Mushrooms (Clavarias) of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications, Inc: New York, NY. 209 p.
(1950). A Monograph of
and Allied Genera. Oxford University Press: London, England. 740 p.
Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A.
(2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
, the Species Known form Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State College: Corvallis, OR. 91 p.
Ellis, M.B. & Ellis, J.P.
(1990). Fungi without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes). Chapman and Hall: London, England. 329 p.
Other Descriptions and Photos
(D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)
The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1996-2018 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens