Claytonia virginica L.
VIRGINIA SPRINGBEAUTY
  Dicotyledoneae   Portulacaceae   Claytonia

Claytonia virginica, Spring Beauty
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Claytonia virginica, Spring Beauty

Click on map or images to enlarge.
 
Claytonia virginica, Spring beauty
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Claytonia virginica, Spring beauty

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica

Claytonia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Claytonia virginica
106 thumbnails  •  slide show
IDnature guide
Overview
The leaves of Claytonia virginica, usually one pair per stem, may be more that 8 times as long as wide, shaped like a blade of grass but with a petiole (leaf stalk), though it is not clearly defined. The leaf veins are difficult to see. The flowers have 5 white petals with pink veins guiding to the center of the flower. The stamens have white filaments and pink anthers.

Identification
The easiest way to distinguish this plant from Claytonia caroliniana is to look at the leaves. C. virginica has long, narrow leaves while C. caroliniana has broad, oval leaves.

Names
Scientific source:

Geographic distribution
This species has been reported on the Trout Lily Trail.

References
Horn, Dennis and Tavia Cathcart. Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians: The Official Field Guide of the Tennessee Native Plant Society. Lone Pine Publishing, 2005.

Supported by
Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena barbara @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Andrena distans @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena erigeniae @ I_JSA (2); CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena forbesii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Apidae  Nomada imbricata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum bruneri @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ I_JSA (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia lignaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia sandhouseae @ BBSL (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora claytoniae @ BPI (5)
Physodermataceae  Physoderma claytoniana @ BPI (6)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia claytoniata @ 057290B (1); BPI (18); 057290A (1)

Puccinia mariae-wilsoniae @ 083280B (1); BPI (147); 083310B (1); 083310A (1); 083280A (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium claytoniatum @ BPI (2)

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica Narrowleaf Springbeauty
Portulacaceae — Purslane family
Native
Claytonia virginica var. virginica
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
April 2001 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
April 2005 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
The fern is christmas fern . Red Clay Creek
May 2011 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
The yellow color is very unusual. Variations in the number of petals are more common, as shown below. Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2009 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Four petals and four stamens . Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
A normal flower with five petals and five stamens . The style would be three-lobed when mature. Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2009 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Six petals and six stamens . Only one stamen appears to be fully developed. White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
April 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Seven petals, at first glance, but perhap actually five, two of which are two-lobed. Only three stamens . This shows the fully developed three-lobed style. White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
April 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Eight petals and eight stamens . White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
April 2012 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Looks like a lot of petals, but the one at lower left on the middle flower is clearly three-lobed. I think there are actually just five petals. White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
April 2010 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Looks like two flowers grown together, with two pistils , nine stamens , nine petals...
Claytonia virginica var. virginica
...and three sepals. (Two is normal.) White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
May 2015 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
A normal flower with two sepals. Woodlawn Tract
April 2016 Claytonia virginica var. virginica
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
May 2018

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   
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Claytonia virginica L.

Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica plant

Family - Portulacaceae

Habit - Perennial forb with a globose, brown, tuberous rootstock, this 8-20 mm in diameter and usually deeply positioned. Sometimes classified as a springtime ephemeral.

Stems - Loosely ascending to erect, 1 to several, 5-20 cm long, usually well-developed, sometimes sprawling, glabrous, often reddish in fruit.

Claytonia_virginica_stem.jpg Stem and node.

Claytonia_virginica_tuber.jpg Tuber.

Leaves - Basal and a single opposite pair along the stems, glabrous. Basal leaves 1 or few, 6-20 cm long, the blade relatively thick, linear to narrowly oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic (rarely broader), angled or tapered to a sharply pointed tip, long-tapered to an indistinct, short to long petiole, green to dark green, sometimes reddish-tinged. Stem leaves 4-15 cm long, sessile or with a short, indistinct petiole, the blade relatively thick, linear to narrowly oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic, occasionally broader, angled or tapered to a sharply pointed tip, long-tapered at the base.

Claytonia_virginica_leaf1.jpg Leaf1.

Inflorescence - Terminal, solitary racemes 4-18 cm long, short- to long-stalked, with 5-18 flowers, all tending to be oriented to a single side of the axis, only the basal 1-2 flower(s) subtended by a membranous to herbaceous bract, this 2-9 mm long, narrowly lanceolate to ovate, more or less sheathing the axis.

Claytonia_virginica_inflorescence.jpg Inflorescence.

Flowers - Relatively long-stalked, the stalk continuing to elongate after flowering, hypogynous Calyces 5-7 mm long, the sepals overlapping, persistent at fruiting, remaining ascending after flowering. Petals 5, 7-14 mm long, white or pinkish-tinged, usually with pink venation, withering after flowering. Stamens 5, the anthers pink. Ovary superior, the style 3-branched above the midpoint.

Claytonia_virginica_calyces.jpg Calyces.

Claytonia_virginica_corolla.jpg Corolla.

Claytonia_virginica_corolla2.jpg Flowers.

Claytonia_virginica_stamens.jpg Stamens.

Flowering - February - May.

Habitat - Forests, prairies, bluffs and ledges, pastures, lawns.

Origin - Native to the U.S.

Lookalikes - Distantly, Thalictrum thalictroides , Hepatica .

Other info. - This delightful springtime ephemeral is very common across Missouri and the eastern half of the U.S., and also ranges into Canada. It is easily recognized with its characteristic flowers and single pair of strap-like stem leaves. The corolla color is quite variable, with some being nearly white with invisible venation, ranging to specimens with highly pronounced pink venation.

The leaf width of the plants is also variable, and for a time it was believed that a discrete species with wide leaves existed in some southern areas of the state. These plants, which were named C. ozarkana , were later determined to be simple phenotypic variants of C. virginica . However, a wider-leafed species named C. arkansana does exist just to our south, and is currently considered to be endemic to Arkansas. It grows in sandstone bluff crevices, and is differentiated by having wider leaves, the basalmost 3 or more flowers subtended by small bracts, and distinctly petiolate basal leaves.

Both the leaves and basal tuber of spring beauty are edible and reasonably tasty. But because of the large number required to provide any significant amount of food, they are probably best left in the ground for all to enjoy.

Photographs taken at Weldon Spring Conservation Area, St. Charles County, MO, 4-6-2011 and 3-22-2016, and Engelmann Woods Natural Area, Franklin County, MO, 4-19-2014 (SRTurner).



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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Claytonia virginica L.
Virginia springbeauty

Image of Claytonia virginica

General Information
Symbol: CLVI3
Group: Dicot
Family: Portulacaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Claytonia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Jose Hernandez. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United Kingdom, England, Ipswich. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 37. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Portulacaceae – Purslane family
Genus Claytonia L. – springbeauty
Species Claytonia virginica L. – Virginia springbeauty

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Claytonia virginica . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
acutiflora</i>
DC.
Claytonia virginica var. acutiflora
Virginia springbeauty Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
hammondiae</i>
(Kalmbacher) Doyle, W.H. Lewis & Snyder
Claytonia virginica var. hammondiae
Hammond's claytonia Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
virginica </i>
Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Virginia springbeauty Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
virginica</i>
f. <i>
lutea</i>
R.J. Davis
Claytonia virginica var. virginica f. lutea
yellow Virginia springbeauty Distribution of <i>
Claytonia virginica</i>
L. var. <i>
virginica</i>
f. <i>
virginica </i>
Claytonia virginica var. virginica f. virginica
Virginia springbeauty

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Massachusetts narrow-leaved spring beauty Endangered
Rhode Island meadow beauty Historical

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CLVI3)
CalPhotos (CLVI3)
Flora of North America (CLVI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CLVI3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CLVI3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CLVI3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CLVI3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CLVI3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CLVI3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 466, 475 , 476 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Portulacaceae | Claytonia

24. Claytonia virginica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 204. 1753.

Eastern spring beauty

Claytonia virginica var. hammondiae (Kalmbacher) J. J. Doyle, W. H. Lewis & D. B. Snyder

Plants perennial, with globose tubers 10-200 mm diam.; periderm 0-0.5 mm. Stems 5-40 cm. Leaves: basal leaves petiolate 6-20 cm, blade linear, 3-14 × 0.5-1.3 cm; cauline leaves sessile, blade linear, 1-10 cm, tapered to slender base. Inflorescences 1-bracteate, rarely with 2 or more bracts; bracts reduced apically, scalelike. Flowers 5-12 mm diam.; sepals 5-7 mm; petals white to pinkish or rose (rarely yellow or orange) or white with pink-lavender candy-stripes, 7-14 mm; ovules 6. Seeds 2-3 mm diam., shiny and smooth; elaisome 1-2 mm. 2 n = 12-190.

Flowering Mar-Apr. Wetlands, seeps, moist woods, riparian hardwood forests, copses, bluffs, ravines, prairies; 0-1000 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Lewis, W. H. and J. C. Semple. 1977. Geography of Claytonia virginica cytotypes. Amer. J. Bot. 64: 1078-1082. Rothwell, N. V. 1959. Aneuploidy in Claytonia virginica . Amer. J. Bot. 46: 353-360.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Claytonia+virginica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Claytonia+virginica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 19
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Claytonia virginica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0748 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0749 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1792 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1793 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1794 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1694 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1695 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1696 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1697 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1698 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1699 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1700 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1701 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1702 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1703 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1704 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
Virginia Spring-beauty
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1705 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1512 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Claytonia virginica
Claytonia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1513 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

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