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Clitocybe nebularis (Batsch) P. Kumm.
Life   Fungi   Basidiomycota   Tricholomataceae   Clitocybe

Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis

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Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis

Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis

Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis

Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis var alba
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis var alba

Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis

Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis

Clitocybe nebularis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Clitocybe nebularis

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Substrate @ BPI (24)

soil @ BPI (1)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pluteaceae  Volvariella surrecta @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from MushroomObserver.org
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://mushroomobserver.org/name/show_name/5314

Following modified from MykoWeb
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California Fungi—Clitocybe nebularis Clitocybe nebularis © Fred Stevens -- Click for Larger Image
(Photo: © Fred Stevens)

Clitocybe nebularis (Fries) Kummer
Der Führer in die Pilzkunde, p. 124. 1871.

Common Name: none

Synonym: Lepista nebularis (Fries) Harmaja

  • Pileus

    Cap 5-25 cm broad; convex with an incurved margin, becoming plane to depressed; color greyish to light brownish grey; surface dry to moist, radially fibrillose; flesh thick, white; odor unpleasant, slightly farinaceous to rancid or skunky.

  • Lamellae

    Gills close, adnate to decurrent, white to cream colored.

  • Stipe

    Stipe 5-15 cm long, 1.5-4 cm thick at apex, base enlarged to bulbous, usually with abundant whitish tomentum; color white, sometimes with light grey brown fibrils.

  • Spores

    Spores 5.5-8.5 x 3.5-4.5 µm, smooth, ellipsoid, nonamyloid; spore wall cyanophilous. Spore print pale yellow.

  • Habitat

    Solitary to scattered to gregarious under both conifers and hardwoods. Seldom fruits before December.

  • Edibility

    Often listed as edible, but the foul odor would deter most persons from trying it.

  • Comments

    This large, cold weather mushroom is easily identified by its obnoxious aroma, often compared to the odor of a rodent cage. For those lacking the ability to smell, Clitocybe nebularis could be confused with Leucopaxillus albissimus , but it is greyer, more readily putrescent, and has yellowish rather than white spores.

  • References

    Ammirati, J.F., Traquair, J.A. & Horgen, P.A. (1985). Poisonous Mushrooms of the Northern United States and Canada. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN. 396 p.
    Bigelow, H.E. (1982). North American Species of Clitocybe . Part I. J. Cramer: Vaduz, Liechtenstein. 280 p.
    Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F
    . (1991). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 3: Boletes and Agarics (1st Part). Strobilomycetaceae, Boletaceae, Paxillaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Tricholomataceae, Polyporaceae (lamellate). Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 361 p .
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A.
    (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Gregory, D.
    (2007). The genus Clitocybe of California. Masters Thesis. San Francisco State University.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Ammirati et al. : p. 249 (D), fig. 129 (I), fig. 190 (CP)
    • Arora (1986): p. 159 (D), p. 160 (P)
    • Arora (1991): p. 56 (D & CP)
    • Jordan: p. 159 (D & CP) [as Lepista nebularis ]
    • Lincoff: p. 749 (D), plates 267, 354 (CP)
    • McKenny et al. : p. 53 (D & CP)
    • Miller: sp. 123 (D & CP)
    • Smith & Weber: sp. 77 (D & CP)

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1996-2019 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens
A MykoWeb Page

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Fungi  
 Phylum Basidiomycota  
 Class Basidiomycetes  
 Order Agaricales  
 Family Tricholomataceae  
 Genus Clitocybe  
  Clitocybe nebularis    (Batsch:Fr.) Kummer 
Provider: Chou, Wen-Neng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Agaricus nebularis Agaricus nebularis brevipes Agaricus pileolarius Agaricus pileolarius pileolarius Clitocybe alba Clitocybe nebularis alba Clitocybe pileolaris Gymnopus nebularis Lepista nebularis   details
Citation: 張東柱等:大自然的魔法師-臺灣大型真菌: 24, 2001
Name Code: 143364
  
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Clitocybe+nebularis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Clitocybe+nebularis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

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Number of matches : 31
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Clitocybe nebularis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
ID: 0072 3301 1150 0013 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 1105 0224 [detail]
© 2005 Matt Strieby

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 1105 0225 [detail]
© 2005 Matt Strieby

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 1105 0226 [detail]
© 2004 Matt Strieby

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0309 0777 [detail]
© 2009 Ron Wolf

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0309 0778 [detail]
© 2009 Ron Wolf

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0444 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0446 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0447 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0448 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0449 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0450 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0451 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0452 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0453 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0454 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0107 [detail]
© 2010 Ron Wolf

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0108 [detail]
© 2010 Ron Wolf

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0513 2350 [detail]
© 2013 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0513 2339 [detail]
© 2013 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0513 2340 [detail]
© 2013 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0513 2341 [detail]
© 2013 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0513 2342 [detail]
© 2013 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Clitocybe nebularis
Clitocybe nebularis
Cloudy Clitocybe
ID: 0000 0000 0513 2343 [detail]
© 2013 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

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