Dryopteris cristata (Linnaeus) A. Gray
CRESTED WOODFERN
Life   Plantae   Pteridophyta   Dryopteridaceae   Dryopteris

http://www.discoverlife.org/nh/id/20q/Ferns.xml ---> https://www.discoverlife.org/nh/id/20q/Ferns.xml
Dryopteris cristata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Dryopteris cristata

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Dryopteris cristata, Crested Wood Fern
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 3
Dryopteris cristata, Crested Wood Fern
Dryopteris cristata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Dryopteris cristata

Dryopteris cristata, sporangia
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Dryopteris cristata, sporangia
Dryopteris cristata, closeup
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Dryopteris cristata, closeup

Dryopteris cristata, entire
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Dryopteris cristata, entire
Dryopteris cristata, fertile pinnule
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Dryopteris cristata, fertile pinnule

Dryopteris cristata
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Dryopteris cristata

Dryopteris cristata, Crested Wood Fern
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Dryopteris cristata, Crested Wood Fern
Dryopteris cristata, Crested Wood Fern, underside
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Dryopteris cristata, Crested Wood Fern, underside
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Dryopteris cristata (L.) A. Gray
crested woodfern

Image of Dryopteris cristata

General Information
Symbol: DRCR4
Group: Fern
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

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Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 19. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Division Pteridophyta – Ferns
Class Filicopsida
Order Polypodiales
Family Dryopteridaceae – Wood Fern family
Genus Dryopteris Adans. – woodfern
Species Dryopteris cristata (L.) A. Gray – crested woodfern

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New York crested wood fern Exploitably Vulnerable
Tennessee crested shield-fern Threatened
Washington crested shield-fern Sensitive

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

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Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (DRCR4)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (DRCR4)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (DRCR4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (DRCR4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (DRCR4)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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9. Dryopteris cristata (Linnaeus) A. Gray, Manual. 631. 1848.

Crested wood fern, dryoptère à crêtes

Polypodium cristatum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1090. 1753

Leaves dimorphic, 35--70 × 8--12 cm; fertile leaves dying back in winter; sterile leaves several, small, green through winter, forming "rosette." Petiole 1/4--1/3 length of leaf, scaly at least at base; scales scattered, tan. Blade green, narrowly lanceolate or with parallel sides, pinnate-pinnatifid, not glandular. Pinnae of fertile leaves twisted out of plane of blade and perpendicular to it, deltate; basal pinnae deltate, somewhat reduced, basal pinnules longer than adjacent pinnules, basal basiscopic pinnule and basal acroscopic pinnule equal; pinnule margins distantly serrate, with spiny teeth. Sori midway between midvein and margin of segments. Indusia lacking glands. 2 n = 164.

Swamps, swampy woods, or open shrubby wetlands; 0--1200 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Europe.

Dryopteris cristata is believed to be an allotetraploid derived from D . ludoviciana and an unknown diploid called " D . semicristata " by W. H. Wagner Jr. (1971). This ancestral taxon could have been either North American or Eurasian and may have become extinct during the last glaciation (T. J. Carlson and W. H. Wagner Jr. 1982). Dryopteris cristata hybridizes with five species; these hybrids can be identified by the narrow blades and deltate proximal pinnae.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Dryopteris+cristata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Dryopteris+cristata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 43
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Dryopteris cristata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1388 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1385 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1389 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1390 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1391 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1392 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1393 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Wood Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1394 [detail]
© 1999 Urs Landergott

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 3333 1111 0408 0013 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0731 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0732 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0733 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0734 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 3333 1111 1107 0220 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 3333 1111 1107 0221 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 3333 1111 1107 0222 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1659 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1660 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1792 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1793 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1794 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1795 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Buckler Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0912 0542 [detail]
© 2012 RT Hawke

Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris cristata
Crested Shield Fern
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3463 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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