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Dugong dugon (P. L. S. Müller, 1776)
Dugong; Halicore australis Owen, 1847; Trichechus dugon PLS Müller, 1776; Trichechus dugon

Life   Vertebrata   Mammalia   Dugongidae   Dugong

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Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » MAMMALIA (Class) » EUTHERIA (Subclass) » SIRENIA (Order) » DUGONGIDAE (Family) » Dugong Lacépède, 1799 (Genus) » Dugong dugon (P.L.S. Müller, 1776)

Species Dugong dugon (P.L.S. Müller, 1776)


Regional Maps

CAVS : 1558 Taxon concept Dugong_dugon last modified 2013-10-16 12:08:58.917

Species Dugong dugon (P.L.S. Müller, 1776)



Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy


Generic Combinations

  • Dugong australis (Owen, 1847).
  • Dugong dugon (P.L.S. Müller, 1776).




Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Torres Strait islands.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, gregarious, herbivore.


General References

Anderson, P.K. 1981. The behaviour of the dugong ( Dugong dugon ) in relation to conservation and management. Bulletin of Marine Science 31 : 640-647

Anderson, P.K. 1986. Dugongs of Shark Bay, Australia - seasonal migration, water, and forage. National Geographic Research 2 : 473-490

Anderson, P.K. 1994. Dugong distribution, the seagrass Halophila spinulosa , and thermal environment in winter in deeper waters of eastern Shark Bay, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 21 : 381-388

Anderson, P.K. 1997. Shark Bay dugongs in summer. I. Lek mating. Behaviour 134 : 433-462

Anderson, P.K. & Barclay, R.M.R. 1995. Acoustic signals of solitary dugongs: Physical characteristics and behavioural correlates. Journal of Mammalogy 76 : 1226-1237

Bayliss, P. 1986. Factors affecting aerial surveys of marine fauna, and their relationship to a census of dugongs in the coastal waters of the Northern Territory. Australian Wildlife Research 13 : 27-37

Bayliss, P. & Freeland, W.J. 1989. Seasonal distribution and abundance of dugongs in the western Gulf of Carpentaria. Australian Wildlife Research 16 : 141-149

Bryden, M., Marsh, H. & Shaughnessy, P. 1998. Dugong, Whales, Dolphins and Seals: A Guide to Sea Mammals of Australasia . Sydney : Allen & Unwin.

Domning, D.P. 1991. Sexual and ontogenetic variation in the pelvic bones of Dugong dugon (Sirenia). Marine Mammal Science 7 : 311-316

Heinsohn, G.E. 1995. Dugong Dugong dugon . pp. 668-670 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife . Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Kemper, C., Gibbs, P., Obendorf, D., Marvanek, S. & Lenghaus, C. 1994. A review of heavy metal and organochlorine levels in marine mammals in Australia. Science and the Total Environment 154 : 129-139

Lanyon, J.M. & Marsh, H. 1995. Digesta passage times in dugong. Australian Journal of Zoology 43 : 119-127

Marsh, H. 1989. Dugongidae. pp. 1030-1038 in Walton, D.W. & Richardson, B.J. (eds). Fauna of Australia. Mammalia . Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 1B 827 pp.

Marsh, H., & Rathbun, G.B. 1990. The distribution and abundance of dugongs in the Great Barier Reef Marine Park south of Cape Bedford. Australian Wildlife Research 17 : 83-100

Marsh, H., Eros, C., Penrose, H. & Hugues, J. 2002. Dugong Status Report and Action Plans for Countries and Territories. UNEP Early Warning and Assessment Report Series 1. Cambridge : UNEP.

Marsh, H., Harris, A.N.M. & Lawler, I.R. 1997. The sustainability of the indigenous dugong fishery in Torres Strait, Australia/Papua New Guinea. Conservation Biology 11 : 1375-1386

Marsh, H., Heinsohn, G.E. & Channells, P.W. 1984. Changes in the ovaries and uterus of the dugong, Dugong dugon (Sirenia: Dugongidae), with age and reproductive activity. Australian Journal of Zoology 32 : 743-766

Marsh, H., Heinsohn, G.E. & Glover, T.D. 1984. Changes in the male reproductive organs of the dugong, Dugong dugon (Sirenia: Dugongidae) with age and reproductive activity. Australian Journal of Zoology 32 : 721-742

Marsh, H., Heinsohn, G.E. & Marsh, L.H. 1984. Breeding cycles, life history and population dynamics of the dugong, Dugong dugon (Sirenia: Dugongidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 32 : 767-788

Marsh, H., Prince, R.I.T., Saalfeld, W.K. & Shepherd, R. 1994. The distribution and abundance of the dugong in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 21 : 149-161

Marsh, H. (ed.) 1981. The Dugong. Proceedings of a seminar/workshop held at James Cook University of North Queensland, 8–13 May 1979 . Queensland : James Cook Univ. vii 400 pp.

Marsh, H. & Anderson, P.K. 1983. Probable susceptibility of dugongs to capture stress. Biological Conservation 25 : 1-3

Marsh, H. & Sinclair, D.F. 1989. An experimental evaluation of dugong and sea turtle survey techniques. Australian Wildlife Research 16 : 639-650

Marsh, H.E. 1989. Mass stranding of dugongs by a tropical cyclone in northern Australia. Marine Mammal Science 5 : 78-83

Marsh, H.E. & Saalfield, W.K. 1989. Distribution and abundance of dugongs in the northern Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Australian Wildlife Research 16 : 429-440

Nishiwaki, M. & Marsh, H. 1985. Dugong Dugong dugon (Müller, 1776). pp. 1-31 in Ridgway, S.H. & Harrison, R.J. (eds). Handbook of Marine Mammals. Volume 3. The sirenians and baleen whales . London : Academic Press 362 pp.

O'Shea, T.J. & Reep, R.L. 1990. Encephalization quotients and life-history traits in the Sirenia. Journal of Mammalogy 71 : 534-543

Peterken, C.J. & Conacher, C.A. 1997. Seed germination and recolonisation of Zostera capricorni after grazing by dugongs. Aquatic Botany 59 : 333-340

Preen, A. 1989. Observations on mating behaviour in dugongs ( Dugong dugon ). Marine Mammal Science 5 : 382-386

Preen, A. 1995. Diet of dugongs: are they omnivores? Journal of Mammalogy 76 : 163-171

Preen, A. 1995. Impacts of dugong foraging on seagrass habitats: Observational and experimental evidence for cultivation grazing. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124 : 201-213

Preen, A. & Marsh, H. 1995. Response of dugongs to large scale loss of seagrass from Hervey Bay, Queensland, Australia. Wildlife Research 22 : 507-519

Preen, A.R., Marsh, H., Lawler, I.R., Prince, R.I.T. & Shepherd, R. 1997. Distribution and abundance of dugongs, turtles, dolphins and other megafauna in Shark Bay, Ningaloo Reef and Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 24 : 185-208

Prince, R.I.T. 1986. Dugong in northern waters of Western Australia 1984. Technical Report No. 7. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 38 pp.

Rowlatt, U. & Marsh, H. 1985. The heart of the dugong ( Dugong dugon ) and the West Indian manatee ( Trichechus manatus ) (Sirenia). Journal of Morphology 186 : 95-106


Common Name References

ABRS 2001. Census of Australian Vertebrates. Australian Biological Resources Study. (Dugong)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
14-Dec-2010 16-Oct-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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