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Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
EASTERN PURPLE CONEFLOWER
Coneflower

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Echinacea

Echinacea purpurea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Echinacea purpurea

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Echinacea purpurea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, pollen
Echinacea purpurea, Flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, Flower

Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view

Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ I_LKD (1); I_PDA (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ I_JSA (2)

Melissodes bimaculata @ I_PDA (1)

Melissodes @ I_LKD (1)

Svastra obliqua @ I_CEH (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ I_HHGA (2)
Hesperiidae  Epargyreus clarus @ I_JSA (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench.

Purple Cone Flower

Echinacea purpurea plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To -2m tall, herbaceous, hirsute to sparsely pubescent, branching.

Echinacea purpurea stem

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, 1.5-5 times longer than broad, to +10cm broad, lanceolate to ovate, serrate, very sparsely pubescent to pubescent, reduced towards apex of stem and becoming sessile. Base of blades abrupt to the petiole.

Inflorescence - Single flower head terminating stem.

Involucre - Imbricate. Phyllaries lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, recurving and merging with receptacle chaff.

Echinacea purpurea involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Ligules pinkish-purple, to 8cm long, spreading at first and then slightly reflexed, slightly notched (toothed) at apex.

Disk flowers - Corolla tubular, to 6mm long, deep red to purplish-brown. Achenes to -5mm long. Pappus a small toothed crown. Receptacle conic, with chaff equaling or longer than disk florets.

Echinacea purpurea flowers

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Open woodland, low woods.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - The genus is actually named for a small, spiny, omnivorous mammal of Europe, Asia and Africa called the "Hedgehog" ( Erinaceus sp. ). The spines of the hedgehog are reminiscent of the receptacle chaff of the plants.
This is a very popular plant for gardening and for medicinal purposes. It grows well from seed and is found in many commercial seed mixes.
Typical plants have purple ray ligules. Plants with white rays can be found in cultivation and very rarely in the wild.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 7-10-02.


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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
eastern purple coneflower

Image of Echinacea purpurea

General Information
Symbol: ECPU
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Echinacea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, IL, Highland Park. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 475. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BRPU15 Brauneria purpurea (L.) Britton
ECPUA Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench var. arkansana Steyerm.
RUPU9 Rudbeckia purpurea L.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Echinacea Moench – purple coneflower
Species Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench – eastern purple coneflower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida purple coneflower Endangered
Michigan purple coneflower Probably Extirpated

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ECPU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BRPU15)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ECPU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ECPUA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ECPU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ECPU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ECPU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (ECPU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ECPU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ECPU)
Related Websites
ATTRA-Echinacea as an Alternative Crop (ECPU)
FL-University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service (ECPU)
Forestry Images (ECPU)
HerbMed (ECPU)
Herbal Information Resources (ECPU)
KS-Great Plains Nature Center (ECPU)
MI-Department of Natural Resources (ECPU)
MO-MissouriPlants.com (ECPU)
NC-North Carolina Arboretum (ECPU)
NC-North Carolina State University Perennial Flowers (ECPU)
NC-North Carolina State University Plant Fact Sheet (ECPU)
NY-Cornell Herbaceous Perennials (ECPU)
National Center For Contemporary And Alternative Medicine (NIH) (ECPU)
OH-Ohio State University Horticulture (ECPU)
TN-Vanderbilt University Bioimages (ECPU)
TX-Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center (ECPU)
TX-Texas A&M Horticulture (ECPU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 88, 91 , 92 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Echinacea

6. Echinacea purpurea (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus. 591. 1794.

Eastern purple coneflower

Rudbeckia purpurea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 907. 1753

Plants 50—120 cm (roots fibrous). Herbage usually hairy (hairs spreading to ascending, to 2 mm), sometimes glabrous. Stems usually brownish green. Basal leaves: petioles 0—17(—25) cm; blades 3- or 5-nerved, ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 5—30 × (1—)5—12 cm, bases usually rounded to cordate, margins usually serrate to dentate, rarely entire. Peduncles 8—25 cm. Phyllaries linear to lanceolate, 8—17 × 1—8 mm. Receptacles: paleae 9—15 mm, tips red-orange, straight or slightly curved, sharp-pointed. Ray corollas pink to purple, laminae spreading to recurved, 30—80 × 7—19 mm, sparsely hairy abaxially. Discs conic, 14—45 × 20—40 mm. Disc corollas 4.5—5.7 mm, lobes greenish to pink or purple. Cypselae off-white, 3.5—5 mm, usually glabrous (ray cypselae sometimes hairy on angles); pappi ca. 1.2 mm (teeth equal). 2 n = 22.

Flowering late spring—summer. Rocky, open woods, thickets, prairies, especially near waterways; 10—400+ m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Tenn., Tex., Wis.

Echinacea purpurea is introduced in Ontario. It and cultivars derived from it are extensively grown ornamentals in gardens, wildflower roadside plantings, and prairie restoration sites. Because of its popularity as an herbal remedy, it is also grown commercially. As a result of such activities, naturalized and persisting populations may extend the natural range of E. purpurea . Selections used for such plantings may differ from native forms.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Echinacea+purpurea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Echinacea+purpurea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 45
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Echinacea purpurea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1828 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1829 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0494 [detail]
© 2006 Ana Cojocariu

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0495 [detail]
© 2006 Ana Cojocariu

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0496 [detail]
© 2006 Ana Cojocariu

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1701 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0110 0070 [detail]
© 2010 Dean Kelch

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0424 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0423 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0619 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0211 2119 [detail]
© 2011 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0211 2120 [detail]
© 2011 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 0712 2099 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 0812 0859 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 1012 1416 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 1012 2097 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 1012 2098 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 1012 2099 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 1012 2100 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
ID: 0000 0000 1012 2101 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Eastern Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0215 0588 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Eastern Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0215 0589 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Eastern Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0215 0590 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 1015 1283 [detail]
© 2015 Barry Breckling

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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