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Epeolus carolinus Mitchell, 1962
Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Apidae   Epeolus
Subgenus: None

Epeolus carolinus, Axillae mesoscutellum female scale = . mm
Thomas Onuferko · 9
Epeolus carolinus, Axillae mesoscutellum female scale = . mm

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Epeolus carolinus, Dorsal view female scale = mm
Thomas Onuferko · 9
Epeolus carolinus, Dorsal view female scale = mm
Epeolus carolinus, female mesopleuron scale = . mm
Thomas Onuferko · 9
Epeolus carolinus, female mesopleuron scale = . mm

Epeolus carolinus, Lateral view female scale = mm
Thomas Onuferko · 9
Epeolus carolinus, Lateral view female scale = mm
Epeolus carolinus, Lateral view male scale = mm
Thomas Onuferko · 9
Epeolus carolinus, Lateral view male scale = mm

Epeolus carolinus, Mandibles female scale = . mm
Thomas Onuferko · 9
Epeolus carolinus, Mandibles female scale = . mm
Epeolus carolinus, both, top of thorax
© Rebekah Andrus Nelson · 1
Epeolus carolinus, both, top of thorax
Overview
Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1962 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 152.

FEMALE—Length 7-8 mm.; black, basal segments of antennae, mandibles,, and legs in large part, tubercles, tegulae and margin of pronotum, testaceous; mid and hind spurs more piceous; scutellum and axillae more ferruginous; lateral ocelli separated from margin of vertex by about their own diameter; segments of flagellum quite elongate, breadth of median segments only slightly more than half the length, brownish-piceous; cheeks about half width of eyes, somewhat narrower below, hind margin subcarinate; median length of labrum somewhat more than half the breadth, with a pair of low but distinct, subapical denticles; mandibles very slender, with a barely perceptible,. submedian angle on inner margin; posterior margin of scutellurn nearly straight, not noticeably impressed (fig. 110); axillae strongly divergent from lateral margins of scutellurn, acute apically, strongly carinate laterally, resulting in distinct lateral surface that is more or less compressed; wings with the usual three submarginal cells, rather deeply infuscated, veins brownish-piceous; face around antennae rather densely silvery tornentose, and venter of thorax with considerable silvery tomentum, this fading out on lateral surfaces of pleura; margin of pronotum quite densely yellow tomentose, and tubercles fringed with short yellow tomentum; metanotum yellow tomentose beneath the rather strongly over-hanging scutellurn; abdominal terga 1-4 with transverse, dense, yellow tornentose fasciae, these more or less interrupted medially, quite broad on tergum 1, becoming successively narrower on 2, 3 and 4, tergum 5 with an area on each side of thin whitish and rather obscure tomenturn; vertex, cheeks and upper part of face quite closely and rather coarsely rugoso-punctate, becoming very densely and minutely punctate below; pleura rather coarsely rugosopunctate below, with some irregular, narrow, shining spaces evident, becoming densely rugose above; scutum rather coarsely and densely rugose, scutellurn more coarsely rugosopunctate, with no intervening spaces evident; tegulae very finely and closely but quite distinctly punctate throughout; abdominal terga with very fine and close, uniformly distributed punctures, these becoming slightly more minute and crowded on the more apical terga; pseudopygidium very short and obscure, median length but a fraction of the apical width.


MALE—Answers to description of female in general, but segments of antennal flagellum scarcely longer than broad, venter of thorax more densely silvery tomentose, and pleura with a thin covering of whitish, plumose hairs; scutellum and axillae often black; pygidial plate rather narrow, narrowly rounded apically, median length somewhat greater than basal width, margin carinate, surface very shallowly and obscurely punctate.


TYPES — Holotype: Male, Kill Devil Hills, Dare Co., N. C., Sept. 12, 1956 (Mitchell, on Eupatorium) [author’s coll.]. Allotype: New River, N. C., Sept. 20-30, 1944 (G. E. Bohart). Paratypes: 3 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, New River, N. C., Sept. 20-30, 1944 (Bohart) ; 13 ♂♂, Kill Devil Hills, N. C., Sept. 12 & 13, 1956 (Mitchell, on Eupatorium); 5 ♂♂, Kill Devil Hills, N. C., Sept. 8-14, 1956 (Krombein); 1 ♀, Gainesville, Fla., 11-6-46 (H. V. Weems, Jr.).
Paratypes are in collections of the U. S. National Museum, G. E. Bohart, the State Plant Board of Florida and the author.

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