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Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
VICTORIAN EURABBIE
Victorian Blue Gum; Southern Blue Gum; Maiden s Gum; Gippsland Blue Gum; Southern Blue-gum; Bluegum; Eucalyptus globulosus St-Lag; Eucalyptus gigantea Dehnh; Tasmanian bluegum; Bluegum Eucalyptus

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Myrtaceae   Eucalyptus

Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Aleyrodidae  Trialeurodes vaporariorum @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia disseminata @ BPI (10)

Pestalotia eucalypti @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia funerea @ BPI (1)
Aphalaridae  Blastopsylla occidentalis @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Ctenarytaina eucalypti @ UCRC_ENT (13); CSCA_TCN (26)

Ctenarytaina spatulata @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Asterinaceae  Aulographina eucalypti @ BPI (3)
Bolbitiaceae  Naucoria eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Sphaeropsis moelleriana @ BPI (2)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Chaetosphaeria ornata @ BPI (1)
Chionosphaeraceae  Stilbum aurantiocinnabarinum @ BPI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella moelleriana @ BPI (1)
Coreidae  Amorbus abdominalis @ UNSW_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium lactescens @ BPI (1)

Corticium @ BPI (1)
Cortinariaceae  Crepidotus mollis @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Calloria eucalypti @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype eucalypti @ BPI (2)
Encyrtidae  Psyllaephagus pilosus @ UCRC_ENTA (7)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus eucalypti @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Oidium @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum gloeosporioides @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomoniella destruens @ BPI (1)

Laestadia rollandi @ BPI (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia eucalypti @ BPI (1)

Hendersonia eucalypticola @ BPI (3)
Hymenochaetaceae  Polystictus ochraceus @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora latitans @ BPI (5)

Physalospora rhodina @ BPI (1)

Physalospora suberumpens @ BPI (5)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium leprosum @ BPI (2)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophiostoma triseptatum @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Marasmius @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Harknessia eucalypti @ BPI (8)

Harknessia longipes @ BPI (1)

Harknessia moelleriana @ BPI (1)

Harknessia uromycoides @ BPI (6)
Meruliaceae  Merulius albostramineus @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora eucalypti @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella molleriana @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium oxysporum @ BPI (1)
Nymphalidae  Danaus plexippus @ I_GBP (1)
Pezizaceae  Peziza emergens @ BPI (1)

Peziza subcornea @ BPI (1)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes robustus @ BPI (2)

Lentinus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus felipponei @ BPI (1)

Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus sanguineus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (4)

Poria deformis @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Pseudococcus longispinus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Rhytismataceae  Coccomyces delta @ BPI (1)

Propolis emarginata @ BPI (2)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum albobadium @ BPI (3)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum heterosporum @ BPI (2)

Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (10)

Stereum rugosiusculum @ BPI (1)

Stereum sulphuratum @ BPI (1)

Stereum vellereum @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Galera teneroides @ BPI (1)

Pholiota spectabilis @ BPI (3)
Teichosporaceae  Teichospora eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Teratosphaeriaceae  Readeriella mirabilis @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora australiae @ 364554B (1); BPI (1); 364554A (1)

Valsa eucalypti @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia pulveracea @ BPI (2)

Rosellinia spinosa @ BPI (2)
_  Camposporium antennatum @ BPI (2)

Dictyosporium campaniforme @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium medium @ BPI (2)

Pleosphaeria modesta @ BPI (1)

Sclerotiopsis australasica @ BPI (1)

Secotium tenuipes @ BPI (1)

Theclospora bifida @ BPI (3)

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illust: Marion Westmacott ©ANBG Tasmanian Blue Gum

Eucalyptus globulus

(plant family: Myrtaceae)

Floral Emblem of Tasmania

The Tasmanian Blue Gum, Eucalypts globulus , was proclaimed as the floral emblem of Tasmania on 27 November 1962. [ Gazettal PDF , Official description , Official portrait ]

Eucalyptus globulus was first collected on the south-east coast of Tasmania in 1792-93 by Jacques-Julien Houton de Labillardiere (1755-1834) and described by him in 1799. He was a distinguished French botanist who accompanied Bruny D'Entrecasteaux on the expedition in La Recherche and L'Esperance in 1791-94 in search of their missing compatriot, La Perouse. The two ships of the expedition led by La Perouse landed at Botany Bay on 26 January 1788. They departed six weeks later and forty years elapsed before their fate was established by the discovery of wreckage at Santa Cruz, north of the New Hebrides. Labillardiere was a keen collector of plants and animals and also recorded detailed accounts of the appearance and customs of the Australian Aboriginals he observed. His plant specimens are now housed in the Museum of Florence.

Eucalyptus globulus photo Eucalyptus globulus now includes several subspecies of which E. globulus subsp. globulus is the Tasmanian emblem. The generic name Eucalyptus is derived from the Greek 'eu', meaning 'well', and 'kalypto', meaning 'to cover, as with a lid', referring to the operculum, a cap-like structure which protects the stamens in the bud and is shed when the flower opens. The operculum is a distinguishing feature of all species of Eucalyptus . The specific name globulus , from the Latin meaning 'ball-like' or 'spherical', refers to the shape of the fruit. The genus Eucalyptus numbers about 800 species which are widely distributed in Australia, with a few species occurring in some of the islands to the north. It belongs to the family Myrtaceae, which is widespread in Australia and tropical regions of the Americas.

Tasmanian Blue Gum is a tall, straight tree growing to 70 metres in height and 2 metres in trunk diameter under favourable conditions. The rough, deeply furrowed, grey bark is persistent at the base of the trunk but above this level it is shed in strips leaving the branches and the greater length of the trunk smooth-barked. The broad juvenile leaves, borne in opposite pairs on square stems, are about 6 to 15 cm long and covered with a blue-grey, waxy bloom. This is the origin of the common name 'blue gum'. The mature leaves are narrow, sickle-shaped and dark shining green. They are arranged alternately on rounded stems and range from 15 to 35 cm in length. The buds are top-shaped, ribbed and warty and have a flattened operculum bearing a central knob. The cream flowers are borne singly in the leaf axils and produce copious nectar which tends to yield a strongly flavoured honey. The woody fruits range from 1.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter. Numerous small seeds are shed through valves which open on the top of the fruit.

Eucalyptus globulus distribution map Eucalyptus globulus subsp. globulus occurs in tall open forest in south-eastern Tasmania and to a lesser extent along the eastern coast of the State. It also occurs on King and Flinders Islands in Bass Strait. Outside Tasmania it is confined to Wilson's Promontory and the Cape Otway district in southern Victoria. The climate throughout its range is cool to mild, with wet winters and reliable summer rainfall. Within parts of its range, light frosts and snowfalls occur.

Tasmanian Blue Gum is protected in conservation areas such as Maria Island National Park, Freycinet National Park, Tasman Arch Nature Reserve and St Mary's Pass Nature Reserve. Outside State reserves it occurs in reserves managed by the Department of Lands and the Forestry Commission. Both authorities have regulations prohibiting the taking of native flora from Crown Land and State forests respectively without prior permission of the managing authority.

Being a very tall evergreen tree Tasmanian Blue Gum is unsuitable for cultivation in the average home garden but it can be recommended as a handsome subject for parks and large gardens in regions which do not experience severe frosts. It is easily propagated from seeds. In subtropical horticulture it has enjoyed popularity as a bedding plant, with freshly raised seedlings being planted each year. Its horticultural value lies in the unusual effect achieved by the colour and form of the juvenile foliage. It is grown successfully in large gardens in Cornwall, where the cool to mild, damp climate is favourable.

The flowers are usually inaccessible and so they are seldom available for indoor decoration. The large blue-grey juvenile leaves are ideal as backing material in floral arrangements in which an unusual colour effect and bold form are desired. Either fresh or dried foliage may be used. Both emit the distinctive eucalyptus fragrance so evocative of the Australian bush.

Tasmanian Blue Gum yields pale, hard and durable timber which is used in Australia for poles, piles and sleepers. The species has been widely planted in New Zealand, South Africa, South America, California, India and Mediterranean countries, in farm windbreak, forestry and ornamental plantations. Among the qualities admired overseas are its rapidity of growth, straightness of trunk, strength of wood and adaptability to a range of sites. Originally overseas plantations supplied antiseptic oil, fuel, telegraph poles, mine props and construction timber. In addition they now provide pulpwood for paper and rayon manufacture. It has also contributed to the drainage of swamps in malarial localities in central Africa, Italy and Turkey. Before the role of the malarial mosquito in spreading the disease was understood, there was a superstitious belief that the leaves of the Blue Gum released a magical essence which purified the air of fever germs. In reality the benefit is derived from the loss of suitable breeding sites for mosquitoes, brought about by the capacity of the trees to evaporate water from the swampy ground.

Tasmanian Blue Gum is so abundant in coastal areas of California that many people assume it is a native species. In recent years concern has been expressed that it appears to be becoming naturalised. Studies show that there is a tendency for it to spread from plantations by seed dispersal along drainage lines but it is doubtful that it will ever become troublesome.

It was featured on a 15 cent stamp [ illust ] issued on 10 July 1968 as part of a set of six stamps depicting State floral emblems. The stamp was designed by Dorothy Thornhill.

Although Tasmanian Blue Gum is the official floral emblem it seems to be seldom used for either official or popular purposes. This neglect may be due in part to the fact that, while it is a handsome tree of considerable economic importance, it is not as familiar to many Tasmanians as other indigenous species.

The armorial bearings of Tasmania include hops and apples, crops of considerable value to the State. The soubriquet, Apple Isle, is frequently used in tourist promotion and the apple is featured on a wide range of souvenirs.

Download a line illustration by Marion Westmacott. ©

Download copyright-free illustration by Fay Davies, suitable for childrens' colouring.

 


Written by Anne Boden for a booklet published by AGPS for the ANBG in 1985.

 

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Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Myrtaceae
Eucalypt, Tasmanian bluegum

Source: James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook of Energy Crops. unpublished.


  1. Uses
  2. Folk Medicine
  3. Chemistry
  4. Toxicity
  5. Description
  6. Germplasm
  7. Distribution
  8. Ecology
  9. Cultivation
  10. Harvesting
  11. Yields and Economics
  12. Energy
  13. Biotic Factors
  14. References

Uses

A handsome ornamental shade, most widely planted of the subtropical/eucalypts. Grown for firewood in India (C.S.I.R., 1948 1976). This is one of the best eucalypts for pulp production. The timber is used for carpentry, construction, fences, piles, platforms, plywood, poles, sheds, and stations, tool handles, veneer, etc. Essential oil, widely used in cough drops, is antiseptic, rubefacient, and stimulant (Morton, 1981). A type of kino extracted from the tree in Argentina. Eucalyptus hybrid 'Mysore' is a promising source of pinenes, which are used in synthetic camphor, pine oil, terpineol, and in dry cleaning fluids, solvents, and cheap deodorants (Verma et al., 1978). The leaves have proven antibiotic acitivty. Their decoction is used for repelling insects and vermin (Morton, 1981). Africans use finely powdered bark as an insect dust. Mexicans chew the leaves to strengthen the gums. Said to be a good honey plant, Portuguese bee farmers like to raise their bees near this eucalyptus.

Folk Medicine

Reported to be anodyne, antiperiodic, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, astringent, deodorant, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge, hemostat, inhalant, insect repellant, rubefacient, sedative yet stimulant, suppurative, and vermifuge, the bluegum eucalyptus is a folk remedy for abscess, arthritis, asthma, boils, bronchitis, burns, cancer, catarrh, cold, cough, croup, cystitia, diabetes, diptheria, dysentery, dyspepsia, fever, flu, grippe, inflammation, laryngitis, leprosy, malaria, miasma, phthisis, rhinitis, sores, sorethroat, spasms, tuberculosis, tumors, vaginitis, wounds, and worms (Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk, 1962; Duke and Wain, 1981; List and Horhammer, 1969–1979; Morton, 1981). Venezuelans take leaf decoction for cheat airments or colds, inhaling the vapors or drinking the decoction. Guatemalans use the leafy shoots for coughs and grippe, Jamaicans put the leaves in the bed, the bath, or the teapot for colds and fever. Cubans use the essential oil for bronchitis, bladder and liver infections, lung ailments, malaria, and stomach trouble. Mexicans chew the fresh leaves to strengthen the gums. Mexicans also use the leaf decoction as a vaginal douche. They argue that daily drinking of the leaf infusion can reverse diabetes in 8 days. Leaves are placed in the bath for rheumatism (Morton, 1981). Homeopaths use the plant for bronchitis, colds, flu, laryngitis, and rheumatism. In Asia, the leaf oil, clearly poisonous in large quantities, is regarded as anesthetic, antibiotic, antiperiodic, expectorant, febrifuge, and vermifuge, and it is used for asthma, bronchitis, influenza, and tuberculosis (Perry, 1980). In Australila, the leaves of the bluegum are still widely used as a household remedy in the treatment of many diseases and minor complaints. In Britain and Europe the essential oil, which is powerfully antiseptic, was given for fevers and febrile conditions, for pulmonary tuberculosis, and was applied or inhaled for relieving asthma, bronchitis, sorethroat, croup, whooping-cough, scarlet fever, and even diptheria and typhoid. The dried leaves were also smoked like cigarettes for asthma while the oil in the form of an aperitif was taken as a digestive (Brooker et al., 1981). Europeans in Africa and Africans themselves may wear the leaf in the hat or place it around the residence as a flu preventative. It is also regarded as a malaria preventitive. African herbalists believe the root is purgative.

Chemistry

Leaves contain 70–80% eucalyptol (cineol). Also includes terpineol, sesquiterpene alcohols, aliphatic aldehydes, isoamyl alcohol, ethanol, and terpenes (Morton, 1981). Tannin is not so copious in the leaves as of many other Eucalyptus species. The kino, containing 28.7% kino-tannin and 47.9% catechin contains the very antibiotic citriodorol (Watt and Bryer-Brandwijk, 1962). Verma et al. (1978) found 20.2% a -pinene, 25.2% b -pinene, and only 16.8% cineole in the cv 'Mysore'. Fresh leaves contain caffeic and gallic acids, dry leaves, ferulic and gentisic (Boukef et al., 1976), and quercetol, quercitrine, rutin, and a mixture of quercetol hyperoside and glaucoside. N-titriacontan-16, 18-dione was identified as the compound responsible for antioxidant activity in the leaf wax (Osawa and Namik, 1981).

Toxicity

In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, like so many essential oils has caused fatalities from intestinal irritation (Morton,1981). Death is reported from ingestion of 4–24 ml of essential oils, but recoveries are also reported for the same amount. Symptoms include gastroenteric burning and irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, oxygen deficiency, ,weakness, dizziness, stupor, difficult respiration, delirium, paralysis, convulsions, and death, usually due to respiratory failure (Duke, 1984b). Reported to cause contact dermatitis (Brooker et al, 1981). Sensitive persons may develop urticaria from handling the foliage and other parts of the plant (Watt and Bryer- Brandwijk, 1962).

Description

Evergreen tree 40–70 m tall with straight massive trunk 0.6–2 m in diameter with narrow, irregular crown of large branches and drooping aromatic, camphoraceous foliage. Root system deep and spreading. Bark smoothish, mottled gray, brown, and greenish or bluish, peeling in long strips, at base becoming gray, rough and shaggy, thick, and finely furrowed; inner bark light yellow within thin green layer. Leaves alternate, drooping on flattened yellowish petioles 1.5–4 cm long, narrowly lanceolate, 10–30 cm long, 2.5–5 cm wide, mostly curved, acuminate at tip, acute at base, entire, glabrous, thick, leathery, with fine straight veins and vein inside marlin, shiny dark green on both surfaces. Flowers 1 (rarely 2–3), at leaf base, more than 5 cm across, the very numerous, white stamens ca 12 mm long. Buds top-shaped, 12–15 mm long, 12–25 mm wide. Stamens many, threadlike, white, anthers oblong opening in broad slits with round gland. Pistil with inferior 3–5-celled ovary and long stout style. Capsules single at leaf base, broadly top-shaped or rounded, 1–1.5 cm long, 2–2.5 cm wide, 4-angled, warty. Seeds many, irregularly elliptical, 2–3 mm long, dull black (Little, 1983).

Germplasm

Reported from the Australian Center of Diversity, bluegum, or cvs thereof is reported to tolerate narrower extremes of temperature and soil than many of the more tropical species. (2 n = 20, 22, 28)

Distribution

The most extensively planted eucalypt species in the world...a total of 800,000 ha in dozens of countries...About half the world's plantation area is in Portugal and Spain (Little, 1983). Also cultivated in California, Arizona, and Hawaii.

Ecology

Ranging from Cool Temperate Moist to Wet through Subtropical Dry to Moist Forest Life Zones, bluegum eucalyptus is reported to tolerate annual precipitation of 8 to 16 dm and annual temperature of ca 16 to 20°C. Major successes have been in mild temperate climates and in cool highlands. Elsewhere it fails (NAS, 1980a).

Cultivation

Propagated by seed and basket transplants ca 6 mos old. No seed treatment is required. Fresh seeds germinate well but deteriorate rapidly. The tree is readily established, easily reproducing from self-sown seed. In California, seed collections from a single tree exhibit wide variation (2–80%) in germinative capacity after a 30-day germination period (Ag. Handbook 450). Seedlings like the adults are susceptible to drought, fire, and frost. Grasses need to be weeded, as the tree does not compete well with grasses (NAS, 1980a). Tree grows rapidly and coppices readily (reaching a meter or more in a few months).

Harvesting

Usually grown on rotations of 5–15 years. In India's Nilgiris, bluegum plantations are worked for fuel purposes on a 15-year coppice (C.S.I.R., 1948–1976).

Yields and Economics

Annual wood production of 10–30 m 3 has been reported from sites in Italy, Peru, Portugal, and Spain (NAS, 1980a). Verma et al (1978) estimated essential oil yields between ca 40 and 45 kg/ha from 6–8 MT green leaves. Completely dry leaves contain 1.27% oil in the cv 'Mysore'. The Wealth of India suggests 30 MT biomass/ha/yr in the Nilgiris (C.S.I.R., 1948–1976).

Energy

About 30 MT/ha biomass are reported. Verma et al. (1978) calculated little more than 7 MT leaves per hectare, green, or 6–8 MT for the cv 'Mysore', 3–4 MT dry leaves. In his compilation, Cannell (1982) cites data on trees 9.5 years old, spaced at 2,196 trees/ha. The stem wood on a DM basis weighed 19–58 MT/ha, the stem bark 5–11, the branches 2.6–5.5, the foliage 4.0–6.7, for a total standing aerial biomass of 35–110 MT/ha. The CAI (current annual increment) of stem wood was 2.9–7.7 m 3 /ha/yr, stem bark 0.7–1.5, branches 0.5–0.7, foliage 2.6–ca 6 for a total aerial CAI of 6.7–15.6 MT/ha/yr, the low figures representing unfertilized trees, the high reflecting ca 200 kg/ha N and 90 kg/ha P. These data were taken at Victoria, Australia (38°20'S, 146°20'E, elev. 150 m). The wood burns freely, leaving little ash, and carbonizes easily, making good charcoal. With calorific value of 4,800 kcal/kg, the heavy wood (sp. grav. 0.8–1.0) is widely used for fuelwood and charcoal (NAS, 1980). Even the dead leaves and fallen bark are highly flammable. The charcoal is used for producer gas plants (C.S.I.R., 1948–1976). Cromer and Williams (Austr. J. Bot. 30:265. 1982) report that it took 9.5 years to accumulate 30 MT/ha biomass unfertilized, but only 4 years in heavily fertilized plots.

Biotic Factors

Listed as affecting Eucalyptus globulus are the following: Actinopelte dryina, Armillaria mellea, Cercospora epicoccoides, C. eucalypti, Corticium salmonicolor, Cryptosporium eucalypti, Cytospora australiae, C. eucalyptina, Diaporthe medusaea, Didymosphaeria circinnans, Diplodia australiae, Fomes applanatus, F. scruposus, Fusarium oxysporum var. aurantiacum, Ganoderma lucidum, Harknessia uromycoides, Hendersonia eucalypticola, Laetiporus sulphureus, Macrophoma molleriana, Macrophomina phaseoli, Monochaetia desmazierii, Mycosphaerella molleriana, Pestalotia truncata, Pestalotiopsis funerea, Pezizella carneo-rosea, Pezizella oenotherae, Phellinus gilvus, Phyllostica extensa, Physalospora latitans, P. rhodina, P. suberumpens, Polyporus gilvus, P. hirsutus, P. schweinitzii, P. sulphureus, P. versicolor, Poria cocos, P. versipora, Sclerotinia fuckeliana, Septonema multiplex, Septosporium scyphophorum, Stereum hirsutum , and Valsa eucalypti (Ag. Handbook 165; Browne, 1968). Also listed in Browne (1968) are the following: Angiospermae: Dendrophthoe, neelgherensis, and Viscum album. Coleoptera: Gonipterus scutellatus, Paropsis obsoleta, Phoracantha semipunctata, and Triphocaris mastersi. Hemiptera: Ctenarytaina eucalypti and Eriococcus coriaceus. Hymenoptera: Rhinopeltella eucalypti. Lepidoptera: Metanastria hyrtaca, Mnesampela privata, and Spilonota macropetana. Foliage unpalatable to livestock. The oil rich wood is resistant to termites (NAS, 1980a).

References

  • Agriculture Handbook 165. 1960. Index of plant diseases in the United States. USGPO. Washington.
  • Agriculture Handbook 450. 1974. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Forest Service, USDA. USGPO. Washington.
  • Boukef, K., Balansard, G., Lallemand, M., and Brenard, P. 1976. Study of flavonic heterosides and agylcones isolated from leaves of Eucalyptus globulus . (Hort. Abstract 47:1899.)
  • Brooker, S.G., Cambie, R.C., and Cooper, R.C. 1981. New Zealand medicinal plants. Heinemann Publishers, Auckland.
  • Browne, F.G. 1968. Pests and diseases of forest plantations trees. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • C.S.I.R. (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research). 1948–1976. The wealth of India. 11 vols. New Delhi.
  • Cannell, M.G.R. 1982. World forest biomass and primary production data. Academic Press, New York.
  • Duke, J.A. 1984b. Borderline herbs. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL
  • Duke, J.A. and Wain, K.K. 1981. Medicinal plants of the world. Computer index with more than 85,000 entries. 3 vols.
  • List, P.H. and Horhammer, L. 1969–1979. Hager's handbuch der pharmazeutischen praxis. vols 2–6. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Little, E.L. Jr. 1983. Common fuelwood crops: a handbook for their identification. McClain Printing Co., Parsons, WV.
  • Morton, J.F. 1981. Atlas of medicinal plants of middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. C.C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.
  • N.A.S. 1980a. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.
  • Osawa, T. and Namiki, M. 1981. A novel type of antioxidant isolated from leaf wax of eucalyptus leaves. Agr. Biol. Chem. 45(3):735–739.
  • Perry, L.M. 1980. Medicinal plants of east and southeast Asia. MIT Press, Cambridge.
  • Verma, V.P.S., Shiva, M.P., Subrahmanyam, I.V., and Suri, B.K. 1978. Utilization of eucalyptus hybrid oil from forest plantations. Indian Forester 104(12):846–850.
  • Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. 2nd ed. E.&S. Livingstone, Ltd., Edinburgh and London.
Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops
Last update Tuesday, January 6, 1998 by aw

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=EUGL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=EUGL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=EUGL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=EUGL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=EUGL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=EUGL
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Tasmanian bluegum

Image of Eucalyptus globulus

General Information
Symbol: EUGL
Group: Dicot
Family: Myrtaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Eucalyptus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, San Francisco, Golden Gate Park, Strybing Arboretum. October 1, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, San Francisco, Golden Gate Park, Strybing Arboretum. October 1, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, San Francisco, Golden Gate Park, Strybing Arboretum. October 1, 2002. Usage Requirements .

W. Hutchinson. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1903. Usage Requirements .

H.D. Tiemann. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA, Piedmont. 1912. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA, Santa Clara Co. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Marin Co., Pt. Reyes National Seashore. February 2, 1995. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Napa Co., Carneros, Hwy. 121, Sebastiani Marsh. June 22, 1996. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Myrtales
Family Myrtaceae – Myrtle family
Genus Eucalyptus L'Hér. – gum
Species Eucalyptus globulus Labill. – Tasmanian bluegum

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Eucalyptus globulus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Eucalyptus globulus</i>
Labill. ssp. <i>
bicostata</i>
(Maiden et al.) J.B. Kirkp.
Eucalyptus globulus ssp. bicostata
eurabbie Distribution of <i>
Eucalyptus globulus</i>
Labill. ssp. <i>
globulus </i>
Eucalyptus globulus ssp. globulus
Tasmanian bluegum Distribution of <i>
Eucalyptus globulus</i>
Labill. ssp. <i>
maidenii</i>
(F. Muell.) J.B. Kirkpat.
Eucalyptus globulus ssp. maidenii
Tasmanian bluegum

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Eucalyptus globulus bluegum eucalyptus This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. 1999. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (EUGL)
CalPhotos (EUGL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (EUGL)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (EUGL)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (EUGL)
Related Websites
New Zealand Environment Bay of Plenty: abstract & images (EUGL)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (EUGL)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (EUGL)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Eucalyptus+globulus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Eucalyptus+globulus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 58
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Eucalyptus globulus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum, Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 1000 0427 [detail]
© 2000 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum, Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0789 [detail]
© 2001 Tony Morosco

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum, Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0791 [detail]
© 2001 Tony Morosco

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Tasmanian Blue Gum
ID: 8253 3202 3491 0006 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum, Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0798 [detail]
© 2001 Tony Morosco

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum, Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0792 [detail]
© 2001 Tony Morosco

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum, Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0790 [detail]
© 2001 Tony Morosco

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 8120 3181 4564 0084 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 8120 3181 4564 0086 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum, Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0799 [detail]
© 2001 Tony Morosco

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 8120 3181 4564 0085 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Bluegum Eucalyptus
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0514 [detail]
© 2003 David A. Tharp

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum Eucalyptus
ID: 0000 0000 0305 0695 [detail]
© 2005 Brian L. Anacker

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 1105 1054 [detail]
© 2005 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 1105 1055 [detail]
© 2005 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0616 1385 [detail]
© 2016 Michael O'Brien

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
ID: 0000 0000 0616 2245 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 0616 1725 [detail]
© 2016 Michael O'Brien

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 1108 1849 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 1108 1850 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 1108 1851 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum
ID: 0000 0000 1108 1852 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum Eucalyptus
ID: 0000 0000 1208 0470 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus globulus
Blue Gum Eucalyptus
ID: 0000 0000 1208 2411 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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