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Fumaria officinalis L.
COMMON FUMITORY
Drug fumitory

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fumariaceae   Fumaria

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Fumaria officinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Fumaria officinalis
Fumaria officinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Fumaria officinalis

Fumaria officinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Fumaria officinalis
Fumaria officinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Fumaria officinalis

Fumaria officinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Fumaria officinalis
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis

Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis

Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis

Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis

Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Fumaria officinalis ssp officinalis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora affinis @ BPI (27)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Fumaria officinalis L.

Earthsmoke, Drug Fumitory

Fumaria officinalis plant

Family - Fumariaceae

Stems - No info yet.

Fumaria officinalis stem

Leaves - No info yet.

Inflorescence - No info yet.

Fumaria officinalis inflorescence

Flowers - No info yet.

Fumaria officinalis flowers

Fumaria officinalis fruits Developing fruits.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Waste places, disturbed sites, fields, roadsides.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - This weedy but striking introduced species has only recently been found in Missouri and is currently only reported for one county (Hickory). The plant is easy to identify because if its angled stems, finely divided leaves, and zygomorphic, dark-pink flowers. The common name for the plant is "Earthsmoke" presumably called such from the nitrous odor the roots emit when first pulled from the ground. The plant was used medicinally in its native range.

Photographs taken on the Auburn University Campus, AL., 3-6-05.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Ranunculales  
 Family Papaveraceae  
 Genus Fumaria  
  Fumaria officinalis    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Fumaria officinalis officinalis Fumaria officinalis wirtgenii Fumaria vaillantii   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 2: 733, 1996; Yang et al.(1997)
Name Code: 203831
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FUOF ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FUOF
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FUOF ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FUOF
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FUOF ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FUOF
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Fumaria officinalis L.
drug fumitory

Image of Fumaria officinalis

General Information
Symbol: FUOF
Group: Dicot
Family: Fumariaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Fumaria thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 146. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Papaverales
Family Fumariaceae – Fumitory family
Genus Fumaria L. – fumitory
Species Fumaria officinalis L. – drug fumitory

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Fumaria officinalis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Fumaria officinalis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
officinalis </i>
Fumaria officinalis ssp. officinalis
drug fumitory Distribution of <i>
Fumaria officinalis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
wirtgenii</i>
(W.D.J. Koch) Arcang.
Fumaria officinalis ssp. wirtgenii
drug fumitory

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (FUOF)
CalPhotos (FUOF)
Flora of North America (FUOF)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (FUOF)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (FUOF)
Related Websites
MT-Montana State University Weed Science (FUOF)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fumariaceae | Fumaria

2. Fumaria officinalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 700. 1753.

Fumitory, fumeterre officinal

Plants 1-7 dm. Inflorescences , excluding peduncle, 3-7 cm; bracteoles 1/2 to nearly as long as pedicels. Flowers : pedicel straight and ascending in fruit, ca. 3 mm; corolla 6-9.5 mm, spur ca. 2.5 mm; petals purplish pink or white near base, deep reddish purple to maroon apically. Capsules subglobose, sometimes slightly depressed, 1.5-2 mm diam., ± warty or pebbled. 2 n = 32, 48.

Flowering spring. Waste places, cultivated or fallow fields, thin woods, ditches, roadsides; 0-2100 m; introduced, scattered localities; St. Pierre et Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask; Ala., Calif., Colo., Conn., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Kans., La., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., W.Va., Wyo.; Europe; n Africa.

Some plants in North America have conspicuously warty capsules with persistent styles. Similar plants in Europe were treated by M. Lidén (1986) as Fumaria officinalis subsp. wirtgenii (Koch) P. D. Sell. In all other characters, those plants are not significantly different from other members of the species, and they are not distinguished formally in this treatment.

Weaker, somewhat scandent plants with smaller, perhaps cleistogamous, white flowers and smaller fruits seem to be correlated with shaded situations. They are otherwise indistinguishable from other members of the species.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Fumaria+officinalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Fumaria+officinalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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