Dorsal and anal fins covered with skin, but clearly evident; dorsal fin origin before gill opening; rear nostril not tubular, at most a raised rim; teeth pointed and well developed; a single row of long fang-like canines at front between top jaws and the usual canines anteriorly in jaws; young with a few canines in middle row of upper jaw.
Head variable, often yellowish, but also brown, grey or whitish; young brown with diffuse yellowish bars on body forming "chain-link" pattern; adults irregularly mottled.
Size: attains at least 150 cm.
Habitat: rocky bottoms.
Depth: 1-30 m.
Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas; in the eastern Pacific it occurs from Costa Rica to Colombia, and the Revillagigedos Islands.
Attributes Abundance: Common. Cites: Not listed. Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo). Depth Range Max: 30 m. Depth Range Min: 1 m. Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish; bony fishes. Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=20; Southern limit=3; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=17; Longitudinal range=37. Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva. Feeding Group: Carnivore. FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated. Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species. Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only. Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only. IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed. Length Max: 150 cm. Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species. Residency: Resident. Salinity: Marine; Marine Only. Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;
Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leˇn:153-170.
Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
LacepŔde, B. G. E., 1803., Histoire naturelle des poissons., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 5:1-803.
Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
A review of muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zoological studies 33(1):44-64(Chen, Shao & Chen, 1994)
HL 6.8-8.1, DGO 13.9-16.5, TR 3.0-3.5 in TL, Vert 131-133. Ground color blackish brown to greenish brown body with numerous wavy, net-like whitish lines across the body. Darker snout; Yellowish green top of head when alive; darker mouth corner in some individuals.
A common species on reef flats among rocks, rubble, or in lagoons and seaward reefs. Nocturnal species that feeds on fishes, octopi, and probably crustaceans. Used in Chinese medicine.
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa, north to southern Japan, Taiwan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef; throughout Micronesia.
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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa, including Walters Shoal (Ref.
) and Persian Gulf (Ref.
) to French Polynesia, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef. Eastern Central Pacific: Costa Rica and Panama (Ref.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 77 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
A common species on reef flats among rocks, rubble, or debris and also occurs in lagoons and seaward reefs to depths of 26 m or more. Cavernicolous (Ref.
). Benthic (Ref.
). Nocturnal species that feeds on fishes, octopi, and probably crustaceans. Reported to be an aggressive species and prone to bite. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior