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Halichoeres malpelo Allen and Robertson, 1992
MALPELO WRASSE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Halichoeres

Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo

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Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo
Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo

Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo
espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • initial phase : pink, yellow operculum, white belly
  • terminal phase : blue-grey, dark tail fin red eye
Dorsal rays IX, 12; anal rays III, 12; pectoral rays 13; lateral line with 27 pored scales; teeth caniniform; pair of enlarged and curved canines at front of upper jaw with a smaller canine just behind on each side; tip of of lower jaw with single large projecting canine that fits in slot between large pair of canines at front of upper jaw; no canines present at rear corner of jaws.

Terminal adult males mainly pale greenish blue, iris pink, outer 1/3 of tail fin dark grey; initial phase adults largely pinkish white with mainly yellow head.

Size: attains at least 18 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs.

Depth: 10-20 m.

Known only from Isla Malpelo, Colombia.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 10 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=5; Southern limit=4; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-82; Latitudinal range=1; Longitudinal range=1.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Reef and soft bottom; Reef (rock &/or coral).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 18 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Island (s) only; TEP endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Malpelo Island endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1992., Deux nouvelles especes de Girelles (Labridae: Halichoeres) du Pacifique oriental tropical., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 19:47-52.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Halichoeres malpelo Allen & Robertson , 1992

Malpelo wrasse Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Halichoeres malpelo (Malpelo wrasse) Halichoeres malpelo
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 10 m (Ref. 9311 ).   Tropical; 5°N - 4°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Malpelo Island.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9311 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over coarse sand and gravel bottoms. Does not form schools (Ref. 9311 ). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Gomon, M.F. , 1995. Labridae. Viejas, doncellasas, se├▒oritas. p. 1201-1225. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9311 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Vulnerable (VU)  (D2); Date assessed: 23 May 2007

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00203 - 0.01236), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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