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Hermosilla azurea Jenkins and Evermann, 1889
ZEBRA-PERCH SEA CHUB
Zebra Perch; Zebra seachub

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Kyphosidae   Hermosilla

Hermosilla azurea
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Hermosilla azurea

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Overview
Main identification features
  • oval
  • 8 bars;pectoral base - black spot
  • operculum - blue spot
Oval, compressed; dorsal rays XI, 9; anal rays III, 10; scales in oblique series below lateral line about 55; jaw teeth fixed, not freely movable; head scaleless; tail forked.

Sides with about 8 greyish-brown bars with light grey spaces between them; a blue spot on upper edge of gill cover and a black spot below pectoral-fin base; ventral portion of head and body whitish.

Size: grows to 45 cm.

Habitat: often seen in schools on shallow weed-covered reefs.

Depth: 0-15 m.

California (Monterey southwards) to Baja California, and Gulf of California, particularly in the northern and central parts.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 15 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: benthic microalgae; benthic macroalgae.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=21; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-106; Latitudinal range=12; Longitudinal range=12.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Herbivore; Omnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Macroalgae; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 45 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; California province, primarily; Continent only; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • De la Cruz , J. , Galvan , F. , Abitia , L. A. , Rodriguez , J. and Gutierrez, F. J., 1994., Lista sistematica de los peces marinos de Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico). Systematic List of marine fishes from Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico)., Ciencias Marinas, 20:17-31.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Jenkins , O.P. and Evermann, B.W., 1889., Description of eighteen new species of fishes from the Gulf of California., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 11:137-158.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Osburn , R. C. and Nichols, J. T., 1916., Shore Fishes Collected by the 'Albatross' Expedition in Lower California with Descriptions of New Species., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35:139-181.
  • Pondella II, D.J., 1997., The first occurrence of the panamic sergeant major, Abudefduf troschelii (Pomacentridae), in California., Calif. Fish & Game, 83:84-86.
  • Pondella II, D.J., Gintert, B.E., Cobb, J.R., Allen, L.G., 2005., Biogeography of the nearshore rocky-reef fishes at the southern and Baja California islands., Journal of Biogeography, 32:187-201.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Kyphosus azureus   (Jenkins & Evermann , 1889)

Zebra-perch sea chub Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Kyphosus azureus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Kyphosus azureus (Zebra-perch sea chub) Kyphosus azureus
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae (Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Evermann .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 8 m (Ref. 9310 ).   Subtropical; 37°N - 20°N, 123°W - 105°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Monterey Bay in California, USA to Gulf of California.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9310 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 10; Vertebrae : 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: interorbital region scaleless; mouth terminal; teeth incisiform; 5-9 vertical dark bands on body; D XI,10-11 rays; A III,10; gill rakers 4-5 + 11-12; 49-55 lateral line scales, of which 45-49 have pores; longitudinal row 43-49 scales; cheek scales 5-6; postorbital scales 7-8; precaudal vertebrae 10, caudal vertebrae 15; pterygiophores, 19-20 on dorsal, 11 on anal (Ref. 95491 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit shallow inshore areas to 8 m depth (Ref. 9310 ); coastal rocky reefs and reef flats with algal growth (Ref. 95491 ). Exclusively herbivorous (Ref. 95491 ). Encountered frequently in schools near Abudefduf troschelii . Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049 ). Also caught with harpoons (Ref. 9310 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Knudsen, S.W. and K.D. Clements , 2013. Revision of the fish family Kyphosidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Zootaxa 3751(1):001-101. (Ref. 95491 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
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Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
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References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
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Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
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Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
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Otoliths
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Tools

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 18.2 - 26.9, mean 23.2 (based on 114 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00788 - 0.03339), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily Fish Forum
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