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Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
EASTERN WATERLEAF
Virginia waterleaf

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Hydrophyllaceae   Hydrophyllum

Hydrophyllum virginianum, Eastern or Virginia Waterleaf
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Hydrophyllum virginianum, Eastern or Virginia Waterleaf

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Hydrophyllum virginianum, VA Waterleaf
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Hydrophyllum virginianum, VA Waterleaf
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrophyllum virginianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Hydrophyllum virginianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrophyllum virginianum, whole plant - in flower - general view

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 1
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena dunningi @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena geranii @ CUIC_ENT (7); AMNH_BEE (10); UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena milwaukeensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena nivalis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Apidae  Bombus ashtoni @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus borealis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus fervidus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus perplexus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Bombus terricola @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Ceratobasidium anceps @ BPI (2)
Colletidae  Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (3)
Halictidae  Augochlorella aurata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum admirandum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum albipenne @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum imitatum @ AMNH_BEE (10)

Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum versans @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria hydrophylli @ BPI (3)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora hydrophylli @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia hydrophylli @ BPI (19)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (7)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (2)
_  Ascochyta hydrophylli-virginiana @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Hydrophyllum virginianum L. Eastern Waterleaf
Hydrophyllaceae — Waterleaf family
Uncommon native
Hydrophyllum virginianum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
May 2009 Hydrophyllum virginianum
Brandywine Creek State Park
May 2002

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Hydrophyllum virginianum  L.

Waterleaf

Hydrophyllum virginianum plant

Family - Hydrophyllaceae

Stems - From rhizomes and fleshy roots, erect, herbaceous, multiple from the base, winged from decurrent leaf tissue, retrorse strigose on wing margins, purple at the nodes, to +/-60cm tall.

Hydrophyllum virginianum stem Stem.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, deeply pinnatifid, with 3-5-7 lobes. Petioles reduced upward, those of basal leaves to +/-14cm long. Blade lobes coarse dentate, scabrous adaxially and deep green, appressed pubescent and silvery green abaxially, to +6cm long.

Hydrophyllum virginianum leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal scorpoid to capitate cyme. Peduncles to -10cm long, antrorse strigose. Pedicels to 5mm long, antrorse strigose.

Hydrophyllum virginianum inflorescence Inflorescence.

Flowers - Corolla white to pale lavender, deeply 5-lobed, glabrous externally. Corolla tube to 4mm long. Lobes oblong, 7mm long, 4mm broad. Fornices 6mm long, -1mm broad. Stamens 5, adnate at the base of the corolla tube, alternating with the corolla lobes. Filaments white basally, purple at the apex, with floccose hairs in the middle portion of their length, other wise glabrous, to 1.4cm long. Anthers purplish, 2.1mm long. Ovary superior, conic, 1.5mm long and in diameter, with dense erect white pubescence, unilocular. Placentation parietal. Style lilac, glabrous, 1.2cm long. Stigma whitish, 2-lobed. Calyx deeply 5-lobed. Calyx tube to 1mm long. Lobes linear, 1mm broad, 5-6mm long, ciliate and antrorse strigose.

Hydrophyllum virginianum calyx Calyces.

Hydrophyllum virginianum flower Flower.

Hydrophyllum virginianum fruits Immature fruits.

Flowering - April - July.

Habitat - Moist, rich, or low woods, thickets, ravine bottoms, base of bluffs, river flood plains, stream valleys.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species can be found throughout much of Missouri but is mostly absent from the southeast corner of the state. This is an easy species to identify in the field because of its divided leaves and striking flowers held above the foliage.
The young leaves and shoots of this plant can be cooked and eaten. Natives used a root tea as an astringent for diarrhea and dysentery. The raw roots were chewed to treat mouth sores.
Missouri plants are ascribed to var. virginianum . Another variety (var. atranthum ) having purple corollas is found in states to our southeast.

Photographs taken off the MKT Trail, Columbia, MO., 5-12-04 (DETenaglia); also at Shaw Nature Reserve, Franklin County, MO, 4-27-2010, and at Danville Conservation Area, Montgomery County, MO, 5-23-2018 (SRTurner).


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYVI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYVI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYVI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYVI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
eastern waterleaf

Image of Hydrophyllum virginianum

General Information
Symbol: HYVI
Group: Dicot
Family: Hydrophyllaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Other Common Names: Shawnee salad
Virginia waterleaf
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Hydrophyllum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Jackson Co., Eden Valley Refuge. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Jackson Co., Eden Valley Refuge. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 65. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Hydrophyllaceae – Waterleaf family
Genus Hydrophyllum L. – waterleaf
Species Hydrophyllum virginianum L. – eastern waterleaf

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Hydrophyllum virginianum . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Hydrophyllum virginianum</i>
L. var. <i>
atranthum</i>
(Alexander) Constance
Hydrophyllum virginianum var. atranthum
eastern waterleaf Distribution of <i>
Hydrophyllum virginianum</i>
L. var. <i>
virginianum </i>
Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum
eastern waterleaf

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut Virginia waterleaf Special Concern
Kentucky Virginia waterleaf Special Concern
New Hampshire northern waterleaf Threatened
Tennessee Appalachian waterleaf Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HYVI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (HYVI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (HYVI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (HYVI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (HYVI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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