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Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson
Hygro; Indian swampweed; Miramar weed; Justicia polysperma Roxb; Hemiadelphis polysperma Roxb Nees

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Acanthaceae   Hygrophila


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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora hygrophilae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, University of Florida
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/node/191

Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=4&page=660

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Lamiales  
 Family Acanthaceae  
 Genus Hygrophila  
  Hygrophila polysperma    (Roxb.) T. Anderson 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 660, 1998
Name Code: 204507
  IUCN Red List:LC       Wang,2012:EN   Wang,2012:EN   
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)    Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)    Nature Campus  
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYPO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYPO3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYPO3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYPO3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYPO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYPO3
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Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson
Indian swampweed

General Information
Symbol: HYPO3
Group: Dicot
Family: Acanthaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   





Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Scrophulariales
Family Acanthaceae – Acanthus family
Genus Hygrophila R. Br. – swampweed
Species Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson – Indian swampweed

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
United States : Miramar weed Noxious weed
Alabama Miramar weed Class A noxious weed
California Miramar weed Quarantine
Florida hygrophila Prohibited aquatic plant, Class 2
Massachusetts Miramar weed Prohibited
North Carolina Miramar weed Class A noxious weed
Oregon Miramar weed Quarantine
South Carolina Miramar weed Invasive aquatic plant Indian hygrophila, Miramar weed Plant pest
Vermont East Indian hygrophila Class A noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Hygrophila polysperma East Indian hygrophila Indian swampweed Miramar weed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
US USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). 2012. Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ. Washington, DC.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1999. Invasive plant list . Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Florida.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Great Plains OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (HYPO3)
CalPhotos (HYPO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HYPO3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (HYPO3)
Related Websites
Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Info. System: abstract & image (HYPO3)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (HYPO3)



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Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hygrophila+polysperma&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hygrophila+polysperma&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Hygrophila polysperma%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Hygrophila polysperma
Hygrophila polysperma
Indian Swampweed
ID: 0175 3301 2284 0068 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Hygrophila polysperma
Hygrophila polysperma
Indian Swampweed
ID: 0175 3301 2284 0069 [detail]

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   

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