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Juglans cinerea L.
BUTTERNUT
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Juglandaceae   Juglans

Juglans cinerea, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

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Juglans cinerea, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

Juglans cinerea, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, leaf - whole upper surface
Juglans cinerea, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, twig - orientation of petioles

Juglans cinerea, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - general
Juglans cinerea, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, bark - of a large tree

Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
Juglans cinerea, seed - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, seed - general view

Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - winter
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - winter
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

Juglans cinerea, twig - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, twig - unspecified
Juglans cinerea, twig - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Juglans cinerea, twig - unspecified

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Arthopyreniaceae  Arthopyrenia @ GAL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia juglandis @ BPI (2)

Sphaeropsis juglandicola @ BPI (5)

Sphaeropsis juglandis @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Eratoneura affinis @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (2)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura calamitosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (2)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (2)

Eratoneura direpta @ III (1)

Eratoneura lenta @ III (1)

Eratoneura macra @ III (1)

Eratoneura marilandicae @ III (1)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (1)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (1)

Erythridula electa @ III (1)

Erythridula kanza @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)
Collemataceae  Leptogium cyanescens @ GAL (1)

Leptogium milligranum @ GAL (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium lacteum @ BPI (1)

Corticium porosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium radiosum @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium juglandis @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium juglandis @ BPI (4)

Marssonina juglandis @ BPI (87)

Tapesia fusca @ BPI (1)

Tapesia sanguinea @ BPI (2)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe bicincta @ 402475B (1); BPI (4)

Diaporthe juglandis @ BPI (4)

Phomopsis @ 357867A (1); 357867B (1)
Diaspididae  Clavaspis herculeana @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Diatrypaceae  Cryptosphaeria juglandina @ BPI (1)

Eutypella deusta @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Oidium aureofulvum @ BPI (1)

Oidium ramosissimum @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (2)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (5)

Daedalea quercina @ BPI (14)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia leptostyla @ BPI (9)

Gnomonia @ BPI (2)
Hapalopilaceae  Irpiciporus lacteus @ BPI (2)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium juglandis @ BPI (1)

Pseudohelotium fibrisedum @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus virgineus @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum stenodon @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete spreta @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Gloniopsis praelonga @ BPI (1)

Glonium simulans @ BPI (1)

Glonium stellatum @ BPI (4)

Hysterium gerardii @ BPI (1)

Hysterium hyalinum @ BPI (1)

Hysterographium mori @ BPI (1)
Lachnocladiaceae  Vararia effuscata @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria ovina @ BPI (1)

Lasiosphaeria @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis juglandis @ 614954B (1); 614954A (1); BPI (10)

Melanconium juglandinum @ BPI (5)

Melanconium magnum @ BPI (1)

Melanconium obliquum @ BPI (1)

Melanconium oblongum @ 402480A (1); BPI (46); 402480B (1); 402475A (1)

Melogramma fuliginosa @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Carynota mera @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Meruliaceae  Merulius rufus @ BPI (1)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (1)
Microstromataceae  Microstroma brachysporum @ BPI (3)

Microstroma juglandis @ 408251A (1); 408251B (1); BPI (57)

Microstroma leucosporum @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella convexula @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (1)

Nectria ditissima @ BPI (3)

Nectria galligena @ BPI (2)

Nectria sanguinea @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Coronophora angustata @ BPI (2)
Orbiliaceae  Orbilia coccinella @ BPI (2)
Parmeliaceae  Parmotrema reticulatum @ GAL (1)
Patellariaceae  Lecanidion tetrasporum @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora allescheri @ BPI (3)

Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora heterocystidia @ BPI (1)

Peniophora mutata @ BPI (2)

Peniophora sambuci @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria ovina @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes conchatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes everhartii @ BPI (1)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (29)

Fomes lobatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus admirabilis @ BPI (2)

Polyporus biformis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (7)

Polyporus distortus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pocula @ BPI (11)

Polyporus pubescens @ BPI (3)

Polyporus spraguei @ BPI (3)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (2)

Poria cinerascens @ BPI (2)

Poria lacteus @ BPI (1)

Poria medulla-panis @ BPI (3)

Poria mutans @ BPI (1)

Poria reticulata @ BPI (1)

Poria spissa @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (1)

Poria unita @ BPI (2)

Poria versipora @ BPI (1)

Poria @ BPI (3)

Trametes malicola @ BPI (1)
Reticulariaceae  Lycogala epidendrum @ BPI (2)
Rhytismataceae  Propolis faginea @ BPI (1)

Propolis versicolor @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (3)
Tricholomataceae  Collybia velutipes @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Valsa @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon crocopeplum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon howeianum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon quadratum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (4)

Nummularia regia @ BPI (1)

Nummularia repanda @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia subiculata @ BPI (3)

Sphaeria diffusa @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria lixivia @ BPI (1)
_  Karschia stygia @ BPI (3)

Melanops @ BPI (2)

Mucronoporus ferruginosus @ BPI (1)

Myxosporium juglandicola @ BPI (1)

Rhinotrichum curtisii @ BPI (1)

Rhinotrichum ramosissimum @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum @ BPI (2)

Sphaeronaema infuscans @ BPI (1)

Stilbospora magna @ BPI (1)

Thyrsidium botryosporum @ BPI (1)

Thyrsidium hedericola @ BPI (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

Valsaria exasperans @ BPI (8)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=JUCI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=JUCI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=JUCI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=JUCI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=JUCI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=JUCI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Juglans cinerea L.
butternut

Image of Juglans cinerea

General Information
Symbol: JUCI
Group: Dicot
Family: Juglandaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Juglans thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 579. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
WACI Wallia cinerea (L.) Alef.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Juglandales
Family Juglandaceae – Walnut family
Genus Juglans L. – walnut
Species Juglans cinerea L. – butternut

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Kentucky white walnut Special Concern
New York butternut Exploitably Vulnerable
Tennessee butternut Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (JUCI)
Flora of North America (JUCI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (JUCI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (WACI)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (JUCI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (JUCI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (JUCI)
Native Plants Network (JUCI)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (JUCI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (JUCI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (JUCI)
Related Websites
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (JUCI)
IN-Center for New Crops & Plants Products (Purdue Univ.) (JUCI)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (JUCI)
USDA FS Eastern Region-Species Conservation Assessments (JUCI)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (JUCI)
USFS-Silvics of North America (JUCI)
Virginia Tech Dendrology (JUCI)
WI-Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (JUCI)
Wood Is Good Library (JUCI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow

Sources

Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Juglandaceae | Juglans

1. Juglans cinerea Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 1272. 1759.

Butternut, white walnut, noyer cendré

Wallia cinerea (Linnaeus) Alefeld

Trees , to 20(-30) m. Bark light gray or gray-brown, shallowly divided into smooth or scaly plates. Twigs with distal edge of leaf scar straight or nearly so, bordered by well-defined, tan-gray, velvety ridge; pith dark brown. Terminal buds conic, flattened, 12-18 mm. Leaves 30-60 cm; petiole 3.5-12 cm. Leaflets (7-)11-17, ovate to lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, ± symmetric, (2.5-)5-11(-17.5) × 1.5-6.5 cm, margins serrate, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially with abundant 4-8-rayed fasciculate hairs, scales, and sometimes capitate-glandular hairs, axils of proximal veins with prominent tufts of fasciculate hairs, adaxially with scattered fasciculate hairs or becoming glabrescent; terminal leaflet present, usually large. Staminate catkins 6-14 cm; stamens 7-15 per flower; pollen sacs 0.8-1.2 mm. Fruits 3-5, ellipsoid to ovoid or cylindric, 4-8 cm, smooth, with dense capitate-glandular hairs; nuts ellipsoid to subcylindric or ovoid, 3-6 cm, surface with ca. 8 high, narrow, longitudinal main ridges, with narrow, interrupted, longitudinal ridges or lamellae between main ridges.

Flowering spring (Apr-Jun). Rich woods of river terraces and valleys, also dry rocky slopes; of conservation concern; 0-1000 m; N.B., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

The butternut canker is killing Juglans cinerea across its range. Because the trees do not root-sprout, the range is contracting.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Juglans+cinerea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Juglans+cinerea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 10
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Juglans cinerea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1909 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1910 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1911 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1912 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2565 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2566 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2567 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2568 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2569 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Juglans cinerea
Juglans cinerea
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2570 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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