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Kalmia latifolia L.
MOUNTAIN-LAUREL
Mountain laurel

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Kalmia

Kalmia latifolia
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Kalmia latifolia

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Kalmia latifolia, Mountain laurel flowers, Howard County, Md, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Kalmia latifolia, Mountain laurel flowers, Howard County, Md, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Kalmia latifolia, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, fruit - as borne on the plant

Kalmia latifolia, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, twig - orientation of petioles
Kalmia latifolia, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Aleuroplatus plumosus @ CSCA_TCN (5)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia artocreas @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia kalmicola @ BPI (3)

Pestalotia vaccinii @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena bradleyi @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena kalmiae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena mandibularis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (4)
Aphididae  Illinoia ( @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Apidae  Bombus bimaculatus @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Bombus impatiens @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus sandersoni @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Xylocopa virginica @ BBSL (1)
Boliniaceae  Endoxyla macrostoma @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Guignardia vaccinii @ 598506B (1); 598506A (1)

Phyllosticta kalmicola @ BPI (44)

Phyllosticta latifolia @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta latifoliae @ BPI (18)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Menispora glauconigra @ BPI (1)
Cladoniaceae  Cladonia caespiticia @ GAL (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Cordyceps militaris @ BPI (1)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora byssoidea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora dryina @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium alboflavescens @ BPI (3)

Corticium polyporoideum @ BPI (2)

Corticium roseum @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (1)

Dacrymyces minor @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Tapesia fusca @ BPI (1)

Tapesia subiculata @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe kalmiae @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis kalmiae @ BPI (35); 358561A (1)

Phomopsis kalmicola @ 358561B (1); BPI (1)

Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspis texensis @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Exidiaceae  Exidia recisa @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon texanus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum acuminatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Helotiaceae  Sporonema oxycocci @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum membranaceum @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocreopsis lichenoides @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora kalmiae @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium kalmiae @ BPI (1)

Hysterium @ BPI (1)
Lygaeidae  Kleidocerys resedae @ NCSU (1)
Margarodidae  Icerya purchasi @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Megachilidae  Osmia virga @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Membracidae  Cyrtolobus pallidifrontis @ NCSU (1)

Platycotis vittata @ NCSU (2)
Miridae  Deraeocoris quercicola @ NCSU (1)

Dicyphus famelicus @ NCSU (5)

Hyaliodes vitripennis @ NCSU (6)

Lygus rubroclarus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Neolygus belfragii @ AMNH_ENT (7)

Neolygus laureae @ NCSU_ENT (45); AMNH_IZC (4)

Neolygus omnivagus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Phytocoris salicis @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus obscurus @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Rhinocapsus rubricans @ NCSU_ENT (10)

Rhinocapsus vanduzeei @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Stenotus binotatus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Tupiocoris rhododendri @ NCSU (10)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora kalmiae @ BPI (51)

Cercospora sparsa @ BPI (2)

Cercospora @ BPI (3)

Mycosphaerella colorata @ BPI (54)

Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)

Rhabdospora kalmiarum @ BPI (5)

Septoria angustifolia @ BPI (1)

Septoria kalmicola @ 380712B (1); 380712A (1); BPI (56)

Septoria @ BPI (2)
Parmeliaceae  Hypotrachyna taylorensis @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis horrescens @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis minarum @ GAL (1)

Punctelia subrudecta @ GAL (1)
Pentatomidae  Acrosternum hilare @ NCSU (1)

Podisus maculiventris @ NCSU (1)
Phacidiaceae  Ceuthospora foliicola @ BPI (1)

Ceuthospora @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium arctesporum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (2)

Poria friesiana @ BPI (2)

Poria inermis @ BPI (3)

Poria punctata @ BPI (1)

Poria sinuosa @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (2)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia aspera @ BPI (1)

Odontia @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum rameale @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Cryptodiscus foveolaris @ BPI (1)
Tingidae  Stephanitis rhododendri @ NCSU (51)
Trichogrammatidae  Ufens ceratus @ UCRC_ENT (5)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium subvenosum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora @ BPI (2)

Diplodina @ BPI (1)

Valsa peckiana @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia kalmiae @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria andromedae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria kalmicola @ BPI (1)
_  Cercoseptoria @ BPI (1)

Chaunopycnis pustulata @ BPI (1)

Chromocrea gelatinosa @ BPI (1)

Clithris @ BPI (1)

Colletogloeum @ BPI (1)

Depazea kalmicola @ BPI (1)

Fumago vagans @ BPI (1)

Massilieurodes americanus @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Monochaetia @ BPI (1)

Valsaria peckii @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/klatifolia.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=KALA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=KALA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=KALA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=KALA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Kalmia latifolia L.
mountain laurel

Image of Kalmia latifolia

General Information
Symbol: KALA
Group: Dicot
Family: Ericaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Kalmia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Quantico, Prince William Forest Park. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Quantico, Prince William Forest Park. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Boxford, Walte. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Boxford, Walte. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, GA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, GA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, GA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, GA. Usage Requirements .

Daniel O. Todd. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NC, Nantahala National Forest. 1961. Usage Requirements .

W.H. Shaffer. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NC, Pisgah National Forest. 1940. Usage Requirements .

E.S. Shipp. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA, George Washington National Forest. 1932. Usage Requirements .

E.S. Shipp. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WV, Monongahela National Forest. 1927. Usage Requirements .

Daniel O. Todd. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NC. 1952. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 684. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
KALAL Kalmia latifolia L. var. laevipes Fernald

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Ericaceae – Heath family
Genus Kalmia L. – laurel
Species Kalmia latifolia L. – mountain laurel

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida mountain laurel Threatened
Maine mountain-laurel Special Concern
New York mountain laurel Exploitably Vulnerable

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (KALA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (KALA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (KALAL)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (KALA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (KALA)
Native Plants Network (KALA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (KALA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (KALA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (KALA)
Related Websites
CT-State Plants (KALA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Low Minor Minor
Miller Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Miller Moderate Moderate

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 480, 481, 482 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Kalmia

1. Kalmia latifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 391. 1753.

Mountain laurel

Chamaedaphne latifolia (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Kalmia latifolia var. laevipes Fernald

Shrubs or, rarely, trees, erect, (1-)2-8(-12) m. Twigs terete, viscid, stipitate-glandular, glabrescent. Leaves alternate (seemingly whorled on slow-growing twigs); petiole 10-30 mm, glabrous or puberulent, sometimes stipitate-glandular; blade elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 4-12 × 1.5-5 cm, margins plane, apex acute, surfaces stipitate-glandular, glabrescent abaxially, glabrous, midrib puberulent adaxially. Inflorescences terminal, panicles, (12-)20-40-flowered. Pedicels 20-40 mm. Flowers: sepals green to reddish, usually oblong, 3-3.5 mm, apex acute, surfaces glabrous or stipitate-glandular; petals connate nearly their entire lengths, usually pink (ranging from deep red to white) with purple spots around each anther pocket, 20-25 × 15-30 mm, abaxial surface usually lightly stipitate-glandular, adaxial puberulent; filaments 4-5 mm; style 10-18 mm. Capsules 5-locular, 3-5 × 4-7 mm, stipitate-glandular. Seeds winged, obovoid and curved, 0.5-1 mm. 2 n = 24.

Flowering Apr-Jun. Rocky or sandy hardwood forests on mountain slopes, stream bluffs, ravines, or in pure, dense thickets; 0-1900 m; Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.; introduced in Europe (England).

Kalmia latifolia is a showy and beautiful American indigenous plant. E. S. Rand (1871) wrote that "no words can describe the beauty of this plant on the mountains of the Middle States, where it covers acres, and sheets whole hillsides with pink and white."

SELECTED REFERENCE Kress, A. 1988. Beobachtungen an Blüten von Kalmia latifolia L. (Ericaceae). Phytologia 65: 249-284.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Kalmia+latifolia+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Kalmia+latifolia+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 19
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Kalmia latifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3567 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3568 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3569 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3570 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3571 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3572 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3573 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3574 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3575 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3576 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3577 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3578 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3579 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3580 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3581 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3582 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3583 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3584 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3585 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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