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Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch
AMERICAN LARCH
Tamarack; Eastern larch; Black larch; Red larch; Eastern tamarack; Hackmatack

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Larix

Larix laricina, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Larix laricina, pollen

Click on map for details about points.

Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Auriculariaceae  Auricularia auricula @ BPI (2)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium galactinum @ BPI (2)

Corticium giganteum @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces palmatus @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Durella @ BPI (1)

Tympanis laricina @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus calycinus @ BPI (69)

Dasyscyphus oblongosporus @ BPI (20)

Dasyscyphus occidentalis @ BPI (17)

Dasyscyphus resinarius @ BPI (4)

Dasyscyphus willkommii @ BPI (2)

Dasyscyphus @ BPI (3)

Lachnellula hahniana @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula willkommii @ BPI (4)

Lachnellula @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Polystictus aurantiacus @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora laricis @ BPI (1)
Margarodidae  Icerya purchasi @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora bigelowii @ BPI (10)

Melampsora medusae @ BPI (16)

Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (9)
Miridae  Atractotomus magnicornis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ceratocapsus luteus @ AMNH_IZC (3)

Ceratocapsus modestus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus uhleri @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Plagiognathus laricicola @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Plagiognathus suffuscipennis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mytilinidiaceae  Mytilinidion resinicola @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Nectria cucurbitula @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes carneus @ BPI (2)

Fomes pini @ BPI (11)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (5)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (4)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (10)

Polyporus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (4)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (1)

Poria rixosa @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (4)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Trametes odorata @ BPI (1)

Trametes subrosea @ BPI (1)

Trametes tenuis @ BPI (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsoridium betulinum @ BPI (7)
Reduviidae  Rhynocoris @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypodermella laricis @ BPI (3)

Lophodermium laricinum @ BPI (3)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus weirii @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (2)
Tremellaceae  Tremella mesenterica @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Valsa abietis @ BPI (1)

Valsa pini @ BPI (1)

Valsa @ BPI (1)
_  Sclerophoma @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus conigenus @ BPI (3)

Trichoscyphella hahniana @ BPI (1)

Trichoscyphella willkommii @ BPI (1)

Zythia resinae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LALA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LALA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LALA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LALA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LALA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LALA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch
tamarack

Image of Larix laricina

General Information
Symbol: LALA
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Larix thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ME. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ME. 1961. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ME. 1961. Usage Requirements .

F.H. Eyre. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MN, Big Falls. 1938. Usage Requirements .

P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WI, Nicolet National Forest. 1971. Usage Requirements .

P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WI, Nicolet National Forest. 1971. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 60. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
LAAL6 Larix alaskensis W. Wight
LALAA9 Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch ssp. alaskensis (W. Wight) Silba
LALAA5 Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch var. alaskensis (W. Wight) Raup

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Larix Mill. – larch
Species Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch – tamarack

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Illinois tamarack Threatened
Maryland larch Endangered
Rhode Island American larch Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LALA)
CalPhotos (LALA)
Flora of North America (LALA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LAAL6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LALA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LALAA5)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LALA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (LALA)
Native Plants Network (LALA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (LALA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (LALA)
Related Websites
BorealForest.org (LALA)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (LALA)
IL-Selecting Trees for your Home (University of Illinois) (LALA)
IL-vPlants (LALA)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (LALA)
Nearctica-Native Conifers of North America (LALA)
Ruhr Botanical Garden: Image (LALA)
Texas A&M Vascular Plant Image Gallery (LALA)
UCLA Botanical Garden: Image (LALA)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (LALA)
USFS-Silvics of North America (LALA)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (LALA)
WI-Trees of Wisconsin (University of Wisconsin-Green Bay Herbarium (LALA)
www.conifers.org (LALA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Moderate

Sources

Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife . Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Anchorage.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Larix

1. Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch, Dendrologie. 2(2): 263. 1873.

Tamarack, mélèze laricin

Pinus laricina DuRoi, Diss. Observ. Bot., 49. 1771; Larix alaskensis W.Wight; L . laricina var. alaskensis (W.Wight) Raup

Trees to 20m; trunk to 0.6m diam.; crown narrow, branches sparse. Bark of young trees gray, smooth, becoming reddish brown and scaly, inner layer red-purple. Branches horizontal or slightly ascending; twigs orange-brown, glabrous. Buds dark red, subtended by ring of hairlike bracts, glabrous. Leaves of short shoots 1--2cm × 0.5--0.8mm, 0.3--0.5mm thick, keeled abaxially, rounded adaxially, pale blue-green; resin canals 10--20µm from margins. Seed cones 1--2 × 0.5--1cm, usually on curved stalks 2--5 × 2--2.5mm, sometimes sessile on long shoots; scales 10--30, margins entire, brown-strigose to -tomentose at base; bracts mucronate or tipped by awn to 1mm, hidden by mature scales, at first dark red to violet, later turning yellow-brown. Pollen 53--65µm diam. Seeds with bodies 2--3mm, wings 4--6mm. 2 n =24.

Boreal forests in wet, poorly drained sphagnum bogs and muskegs, also on moist upland mineral soils; 0--1200m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Conn., Ill., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., W.Va., Wis.

Disjunct Alaskan populations of Larix laricina , originally described as Larix alaskensis on the basis of narrower cone scales and bracts, are indistinguishable from other populations of the species.

The wood of tamarack is used for railway ties, pilings, and posts; it formerly was used for boat construction. Slow-growing trees develop wood with high resin content, making it decay resistant but limiting its value for pulpwood. The bark contains a tannin, which has been used for tanning leather. Although tamarack is the most rapidly growing boreal conifer under favorable conditions, it is of little commercial interest because of insect and disease problems and its poor pulping properties. Plants of this species are often stunted in the far north and on mountain slopes.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Larix+laricina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Larix+laricina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 40
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Larix laricina%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0696 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0697 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2260 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2261 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2262 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2263 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2264 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2265 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1023 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1024 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1025 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1026 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1027 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1028 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1526 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1527 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1528 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1529 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1530 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1531 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1532 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1533 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1534 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Larix laricina
Larix laricina
Tamarack
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1535 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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