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Lethrinus rubrioperculatus Sato, 1978
SPOTCHEEK EMPEROR
Red-eared Emperor; Red-ears; Red-edged Emperor; Scarlet-cheek Emperor; Spot Cheek Emperor

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Lethrinidae   Lethrinus


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/6dc3672c-8b03-47de-8bc2-d3de33b0e17f/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/6dc3672c-8b03-47de-8bc2-d3de33b0e17f/
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Lethrinidae  
 Genus Lethrinus  
  Lethrinus rubrioperculatus    Sato, 1978 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Lethrinella variegatus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays X, 9; anal-fin rays III, 8; pectoral-fin rays 13. Body depth 2.94 to 3.18 times in standard length. Body color is olive-gray or brown, with scattered irregular small black blotches. The upper edge of the operculum usually has a red spot. Lips are usually red. Fins are pale or pinkish. 
Habitat: Found over sand and rubble areas of outer reef slopes. Feeds mainly on crustaceans, fish, echinoderms and mollusks. In New Caledonia, spawning peaks are observed in December, and a fairly high percentage of gonads in advanced stages of maturity occurs bet 
Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa to southern Japan and the Marquesas. Taiwan: South, East.  
Utility: Commercial fishery species. 
Name Code: 382078
  
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Lethrinus rubrioperculatus   Sato, 1978

Spotcheek emperor Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Lethrinus rubrioperculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Lethrinus rubrioperculatus (Spotcheek emperor) Lethrinus rubrioperculatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Lethrininae
Etymology: Lethrinus: Greek, lethrinia, a fish pertaining to genus Pagellus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 10 - 198 m (Ref. 86942 ).   Tropical; 38°N - 31°S, 30°E - 139°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to south Korea in the Yellow Sea, and the Marquesas Islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 20 - 26 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295 ); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Body color is olive-gray or brown, with scattered irregular small black blotches. The upper edge of the operculum usually has a red spot. Lips are usually red. Fins are pale or pinkish.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over sand and rubble areas of outer reef slopes (Ref. 30573 ). Feeds mainly on crustaceans, fish, echinoderms and mollusks (Ref. 30573 ). In New Caledonia, spawning peaks are observed in December and a fairly high percentage of gonads in advanced stages of maturity occurs between October and February. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9775 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205 ). Also Ref. 103751.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen , 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 2295 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 22.4 - 28.3, mean 26.9 (based on 844 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.01199 - 0.01742), b=2.99 (2.95 - 3.03), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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