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Liquidambar styraciflua L.
SWEET GUM
Sweetgum

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Hamamelidaceae   Liquidambar

Liquidambar styraciflua, Sweet Gum
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Liquidambar styraciflua, Sweet Gum

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Liquidambar styraciflua, Sweet Gum
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Liquidambar styraciflua, Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liquidambar styraciflua

Liquidambar styraciflua
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liquidambar styraciflua

Liquidambar styraciflua
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Liquidambar styraciflua

Liquidambar styraciflua, Sweet Gum
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Liquidambar styraciflua, Sweet Gum
Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - as borne on the plant

Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - as borne on the plant
Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - immature
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - immature

Liquidambar styraciflua, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Liquidambar styraciflua, inflorescence - whole - male
Liquidambar styraciflua, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Liquidambar styraciflua, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Liquidambar styraciflua, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Liquidambar styraciflua, whole tree or vine - general
Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Liquidambar styraciflua, fruit - as borne on the plant

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma @ BPI (1)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella capillifera @ BPI (4)

Ceratostomella moniliformis @ BPI (6)

Ceratostomella pluriannulata @ BPI (4)
Anthocoridae  Calliodis temnostethoides @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Aporpiaceae  Aporpium caryae @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (2)

Dothiorella berengeriana @ BPI (2)

Macrophoma @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis liquidambaris @ BPI (1)
Brigantiaeaceae  Brigantiaea leucoxantha @ GAL (1)
Candelariaceae  Candelariella reflexa @ GAL (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis pluriannulata @ BPI (1)
Cerococcidae  Cerococcus parrotti @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Cicadidae  Magicicada tredecim @ CSUC_TCN (5)
Coccidae  Parthenolecanium corni @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Parthenolecanium pruinosum @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Cordycipitaceae  Isaria flabelliformis @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium albulum @ BPI (1)

Corticium caeruleum @ BPI (1)

Corticium confluens @ BPI (1)

Dendrothele microspora @ BPI (2)
Cryphonectriaceae  Cryphonectria gyrosa @ BPI (1)

Endothia gyrosa @ BPI (11)

Endothia radicalis @ BPI (3)

Endothia @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Calocera cornea @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium nervisequum @ BPI (2)

Pezicula @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (4)
Diaspididae  Aspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Diaspidiotus juglansregiae @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Diaspidiotus liquidambaris @ CSCA_TCN (9); MEMU_ENT (25)
Diatrypaceae  Anthostoma dryophilum @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea ambigua @ BPI (2)

Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (8)

Daedalea elegans @ BPI (1)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma resinaceum @ BPI (2)

Ganoderma sessile @ BPI (2)
Gnomoniaceae  Cryptodiaporthe liquidambaris @ BPI (6)

Cryptosporella beltsvillensis @ BPI (1)

Gnomonia amoena @ BPI (3)

Gnomonia petiolorum @ BPI (3)

Gnomoniella amoena @ BPI (1)
Haematommataceae  Haematomma @ GAL (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Velutaria rufo-olivacea @ 662723A (1); 662723B (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum membranaceum @ BPI (1)

Hydnum septentrionale @ BPI (2)

Hydnum @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Polystictus versicolor @ BPI (1)
Hyphodermataceae  Hyphoderma nudicephalum @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Diplocladium @ BPI (1)

Gliocladium luteolum @ BPI (6)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium mori @ BPI (1)
Issidae  Thionia elliptica @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria rickii @ BPI (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora hybocarpa @ GAL (6)

Lecanora @ GAL (1)

Pyrrhospora varians @ GAL (3)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophiotrema nucula @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis amygdalina @ BPI (1)
Melanommataceae  Aposphaeria pezizoides @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Cyrtolobus dixianus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus tuberosus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Heliria cornutula @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Heliria cristata @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Stictocephala militaris @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Stictocephala palmeri @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Stictocephala stimulea @ NCSU (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius confluens @ BPI (1)

Merulius tremellosus @ BPI (1)

Phlebia cinnabarina @ BPI (1)
Microascaceae  Graphium aureum @ BPI (3)

Graphium rigidum @ BPI (7)
Miridae  Acratheus punctiger @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ceratocapsus blatchleyi @ AMNH_PBI (14)

Ceratocapsus quadrispiculus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Dampierella schwartzi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp10 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp11 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Gn_orthotylinigp16 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp28 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp9 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Gn_orthotylinigp9 sp_003 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Goodeniaphila cassisi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Goodeniaphila schuhi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Microtechnites inesalti @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myrmecophyes geniculatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus sp_ms_schuhi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus sp_ms_sydneyensis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora liquidambaris @ BPI (21)

Cercospora tuberculans @ BPI (7)

Hormodendrum griseum @ BPI (9)

Septoria liquidambaris @ BPI (4)
Myriangiaceae  Myriangium curtisii @ BPI (1)
Ochrolechiaceae  Ochrolechia africana @ GAL (3)
Ophiostomataceae  Leptographium lundbergii @ BPI (2)
Pannariaceae  Parmeliella pannosa @ GAL (1)
Papilionidae  Graphium atrovirens @ BPI (6)

Graphium carneum @ BPI (1)

Graphium rubrum @ BPI (3)

Graphium smaragdinum @ BPI (5)
Parmeliaceae  Bulbothrix goebelii @ GAL (1)

Hypotrachyna croceopustulata @ GAL (1)

Hypotrachyna livida @ GAL (3)

Parmelinopsis minarum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema cristiferum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema reticulatum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema tinctorum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema @ GAL (1)

Punctelia rudecta @ GAL (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (3)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria multipunctoides @ GAL (1)

Pertusaria texana @ GAL (2)
Pezizaceae  Peziza repanda @ BPI (1)
Physciaceae  Buellia stillingiana @ GAL (1)

Heterodermia albicans @ GAL (1)

Physcia millegrana @ GAL (2)

Physcia pumilior @ GAL (3)

Pyxine subcinerea @ GAL (4)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus silvanus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Favolus alveolarius @ BPI (1)

Fomes geotropus @ BPI (5)

Fomes graveolens @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (10)

Lenzites klotzschii @ BPI (1)

Lenzites trabea @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus albellus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus avellaneialbus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus biennis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus chioneus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (2)

Polyporus ectypus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fissilis @ BPI (3)

Polyporus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus graveolens @ BPI (5)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (9)

Polyporus humilis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus licnoides @ BPI (1)

Polyporus mutabilis @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus perplexus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sanguineus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus sector @ BPI (4)

Polyporus spraguei @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus supinus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus velutinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (7)

Polyporus vinosus @ BPI (2)

Poria borbonica @ BPI (1)

Poria rhoadsii @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (1)

Poria undata @ BPI (1)

Poria @ BPI (2)

Trametes rigida @ BPI (1)
Porinaceae  Pseudosagedia cestrensis @ I_GBP (1)
Pseudococcidae  Ferrisia setosa @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Ferrisia virgata @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula pseudobufonia @ GAL (1)
Ramalinaceae  Bacidia @ GAL (1)

Ramalina americana @ GAL (1)
Rhytismataceae  Propolis faginea @ BPI (1)
Roccellaceae  Leciographa floridana @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Monilia aureofulva @ BPI (5)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium castaneum @ BPI (16)

Septobasidium cremeum @ BPI (2)

Septobasidium fumigatum @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium leprieurii @ BPI (2)

Septobasidium patouillardii @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum @ BPI (12)

Septobasidium rugulosum @ BPI (2)

Septobasidium sinuosum @ BPI (17)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex cinnamomeus @ BPI (1)

Irpex obliquus @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum albobadium @ BPI (1)

Stereum bicolor @ BPI (4)

Stereum complicatum @ BPI (2)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (2)

Stereum fuscum @ BPI (5)

Stereum lobatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum ochraceoflavum @ BPI (2)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (1)

Stereum rugosum @ BPI (1)

Stereum striatum @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium liquidambaris @ BPI (3)
Teloschistaceae  Caloplaca cerina @ GAL (1)
Tremellaceae  Hormomyces aurantiacus @ BPI (1)
Tubeufiaceae  Thaxteriella corticola @ BPI (1)

Thaxteriella pezizula @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia poriaeformis @ BPI (1)

Solenia villosa @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cytospora @ BPI (5)

Valsa ceratophora @ BPI (1)

Valsa liquidambaris @ BPI (1)

Valsa pauperata @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon caries @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon glomeratum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon hypomiltum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon investiens @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (6)

Hypoxylon sclerophaeum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon serpens @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon stygium @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon tinctor @ BPI (2)

Rosellinia corticium @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria liquidambaris @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria petiolorum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria racodium @ BPI (1)

Xylaria persicaria @ BPI (1)
_  Actinopelte dryina @ BPI (1)

Ambarignomonia petiolorum @ BPI (4)

Carldrakeaninae nov @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Coccospora aurantiaca @ BPI (1)

Cylindrocolla @ BPI (2)

Dendrophoma therryana @ BPI (1)

Dictyosporium oblongum @ BPI (1)

Didymosporium liquidambaris @ BPI (2)

Discosporium liquidambaris @ BPI (2)

Endoconidiophora adiposa @ BPI (2)

Endoconidiophora coerulescens @ BPI (7)

Endoconidiophora moniliformis @ BPI (7)

Exosporium liquidambaris @ BPI (1)

Grandinia crustosa @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus botryoides @ BPI (1)

Monodictys lepraria @ BPI (1)

Pteridiospora spinosispora @ BPI (1)

Sarcinella @ BPI (1)

Schizoparme straminea @ BPI (2)

Scoleconectria polythalama @ BPI (1)

Sporidesmium antiquum @ BPI (1)

Valsaria exasperans @ BPI (1)

Xenosporella berkeleyi @ BPI (1)

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Liquidambar styraciflua L.
sweetgum

Image of Liquidambar styraciflua

General Information
Symbol: LIST2
Group: Dicot
Family: Hamamelidaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Liquidambar thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Berkeley, University of California Berkeley Botanical Garden. March 24, 2004. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, TN, Gage. Usage Requirements .

©Erica Asai. United States, FL, Columbia Co, Osceola National Forest. April 8, 2007. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

E.R. Mosher. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1914. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 235. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Hamamelidales
Family Hamamelidaceae – Witch-hazel family
Genus Liquidambar L. – sweetgum
Species Liquidambar styraciflua L. – sweetgum

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut sweet gum Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

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USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (LIST2)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (LIST2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Moderate Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Hamamelidaceae | Liquidambar

1. Liquidambar styraciflua Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 999. 1753.

Sweetgum, redgum

Liquidambar barbata Stokes; L . gummifera Salisbury; L . macrophylla Oersted; L . styraciflua var. mexicana Oersted

Trees , to 41 m. Leaves : stipules linear-lanceolate, 3-4 mm, early deciduous, leaving 2 stipular scars adaxially near base of petiole; petioles (44-)60-100(-150) mm. Leaf blade palmately lobed, main lobes sometimes again dentate-lobed, 7-19(-25) × 4.4-16 cm; surfaces glabrous, except young leaves hairy on veins and main vein-axils at base with persistent reddish brown simple hairs. Staminate flowers in pedunculate clusters, 3-6 cm; perianth absent; stamens 4-8(-10) per flower, 150-176(-300) per cluster, falling after anthesis. Pistillate flowers without perianth; hypanthium disclike, with 5-8 staminodes around cycle of disc lobes; ovary (1-)2-locular; styles 2; stigmas introrsely curved. Capsular heads brown at maturity, globose, 2.5-4 cm diam. (including indurate styles). Seeds apically winged, 8-10 mm, marked with resin ducts; aborted seeds brownish, 1-2 mm, unwinged, irregular, resembling sawdust. 2 n = 32.

Flowering spring (Mar-May). Fields, woodlands, flood plains, low hammocks, swamps, riverbanks; 0-800 m; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.; Mexico; Central America (Belize and Honduras to Nicaragua).

The leaves of Liquidambar styraciflua , fragrant when bruised, turn deep red to crimson in autumn. Although leaf variation is common in L . styraciflua , this deviation is randomly distributed and without any definable geographic correlation. Liquidambar styraciflua is often cultivated; a number of cultivars have been introduced in cultivation.

Liquidambar styraciflua was well known as a medicinal plant by Native Americans. Cherokee, Choctaw, Houma, Koasati, and Rappahannock tribes used it in various ways, especially the gum, bark, and root, as an antidiarrheal, dermatological aid, gynecological aid, sedative, febrifuge, and for related uses (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Liquidambar styraciflua produces a balsamic oleo-resin called American styrax or storax, a thick, clear, brownish yellow, semisolid or solid with a pronounced aromatic odor. It is chewed as a sweet, natural gum. The balsam is collected from the inner bark of the tree after wounding or deliberate gashing. It is used in soaps and cosmetics, as a fixative in perfumes, adhesives, lacquers, and incense, and as a flavoring in tobacco. The wood is used for cabinet making, furniture, veneer, interior finish, barrels, and wooden dishes. Medicinally the gum has been used for catarrh, coughs, dysentery, sores, and wounds of both humans and domestic animals.

The largest known tree of Liquidambar styraciflua , 41.4 m in height with a trunk diameter of 2.25 m, is recorded from Craven County, North Carolina (American Forestry Association 1994).

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Liquidambar+styraciflua&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Liquidambar+styraciflua&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 39
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Liquidambar styraciflua%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0740 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0305 0211 [detail]
© 2005 Matthew MacManes

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum Tree
ID: 0000 0000 0409 1761 [detail]
© 2009 Margo Bors

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 0213 1814 [detail]
© 2013 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 0213 1815 [detail]
© 2013 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3431 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3432 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3433 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3434 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3435 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3436 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3437 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3438 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3439 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
American Sweetgum
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3440 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 1115 3914 [detail]
© 2015 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 1215 2094 [detail]
© 2015 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 1215 2890 [detail]
© 2015 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 1016 2394 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0849 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 0316 2637 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 0316 2643 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 0316 2645 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Liquidambar styraciflua
Liquidambar styraciflua
ID: 0000 0000 0316 3696 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

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