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Lophiodes caulinaris
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lophiodes caulinaris
Lophiodes spilurus Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Lophiodes spilurus

Lophiodes caulinaris
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Lophiodes caulinaris
Lophiodes caulinaris
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Lophiodes caulinaris

© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Lophiodes caulinaris Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Lophiodes caulinaris

© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12

Main identification features
  • head: wide, flat, spiny; eyes on top
  • head: fish pole
  • teeth large, sharp
  • gill opening behind pectoraal


The lophiid anglerfishes are somewhat similar to their cousins, the frogfishes (family Antennariidae). Both have a globular appearance with limb-like pectoral fins; a large mouth with large sharp teeth in anglerfishes; the first dorsal spine modified to form a fishing-pole apparatus (illicium) with a bait-like esca at its tip; and a gill opening situated in or near the "armpit" of the pectoral fins. However, the lophiid anglers are easily distinguished by their flattened head which is armed with bony spines, and IV-VI dorsal spines, the first three being single and isolated, the last 3 being connected by a membrane, but are isolated from the soft dorsal. Anglerfishes are "lie and wait" predators of small fishes and crustaceans. They inhabit soft sand or mud bottoms generally below depths frequented by divers, with maximum depths of most species between 400-1,560m.

The family occurs worldwide in tropical and temperate seas. Caruso (1981; 1983) recognized four genera and 25 species. Only two species of Lophiodes are known from the tropical eastern Pacific, with one in shallow water and one deeper.

  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Caruso, J.H., 1981., The systematics and distribution of the lophiid anglerfishes: I. A revision of the genus Lophiodes with the description of two new species., Copeia, 1981:522-549.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lea, R.N., Keating, T., Dykhuizen, G.V. and Lehtonen, P.B., 1984., Records of goosefishes (family: Lophiidae, genus Lophiodes) from Californian waters., Calif. Fish & Game, 70:250:251.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Pérez-Mellado, J., Findley, LL. F., 1985., Evaluación de la ictiofauna acompañante del camarón capturado en las costas de Sonora y norte de Sinaloa, México. In Yáñez-Arancibia, A. (Ed.) Recursos pesqueros potenciales de México: La pesca acompañante del camarón., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Cap. 5:201-254.
  • Rojas , J. R. , Pizarro , J. F. and Castro, M.V., 1994., Diversidad y Abundancia íctica en tres áreas de manglar en el Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42:663-672.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.


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