|California Fungi—Lyophyllum decastes
(Photo: © Taylor F. Lockwood)
(Fries: Fries) Singer
Lilloa 22: 165. 1951.
fried chicken mushroom
Cap 4-14 cm broad, convex, becoming plane; margin incurved when young, lobed to irregular, sometimes upturned in age; surface smooth, grey to grey-brown, moist to lubricous; flesh thin, white, odor mild.
Gills adnate to subdecurrent, close, white.
Stipe 5-10 cm long, 1-3 cm, thick, smooth, white to pallid, sometimes with brown discolorations below, equal to tapered at the base; veil absent.
Spores 5-7 x 5-6 µm, smooth, nearly round. Spore print white.
Clustered on disturbed ground, e.g. lawns, trails, and dirt parking lots; from fall to spring.
Edible and popular in some regions, but several forms of this species may occur in California, and little is known of the edibility of the local populations.
is a species complex. In the San Franciso Bay Area, the common form has grey-brown caps. It often fruits in large clumps which are sometimes mistaken for
when the latter fruits in clusters from buried wood. The Honey Mushroom, however, differs by having a yellow-brown to reddish-brown cap with a slightly scaly disc and an annulus.
Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F
. (1991). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 3: Boletes and Agarics (1st Part). Strobilomycetaceae, Boletaceae, Paxillaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Tricholomataceae, Polyporaceae (lamellate). Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 361 p.
Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A.
(2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
Moncalvo, J.-M. , Rehner, S.A. & Vilgalys, R.
(1993). Systematics of
Based on Evidence from Culture Studies and Ribosomal DNA Sequences. Mycologia 85(5): 788-794.
Other Descriptions and Photos
Arora (1986): p. 174 (D), p. 175 (P)
Arora (1991): p. 62 (D & CP)
Jordan: p. 161 (D & CP)
Lincoff: p. 768 (D), plate 266 (CP)
: p. 84 (D), p. 85 (CP)
Miller: sp. 156 (D & CP)
Phillips: p. 48 (D). p. 49 (CP)
Smith & Weber: sp. 103 (D & CP)
(D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)
The Fungi of California
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