|California Fungi—Mycena galericulata
(Photo: © Fred Stevens)
(Scop.: Fr.) S. F. Gray
Nat. Arrang. Br. Pl. 1: 619. 1821.
Cap 2.0-5.0 cm broad, obtuse-conic to bell-shaped, expanding to plano-convex, sometimes plano- depressed; margin incurved, then decurved, eventually plane to raised, occasionally wavy; surface moist, striate-wrinkled to near the disc at maturity, color: buff-brown, tan-brown, pale brownish-grey, the margin lighter than the disc, darker overall with age; context white, unchanging, thin, up to 2.5 mm at the disc; odor and taste farinaceous.
Gills adnexed to notched with a decurrent tooth, close when young, subdistant at maturity, ventricose, up to 8.0 mm wide, intervenose, pallid to white in youth, pale-grey to buff-brown in age, sometimes tinged pinkish, lamellulae up to 4-seried, edges smooth, not marginate.
Stipe 3-14 cm long, 2.0-5.0 mm thick, more or less equal, slender, often sinuose, stuffed to hollow, cartilaginous; surface glabrous when young, becoming appressed-striate to twisted-striate, hairy at the base, the latter root-like and prolonged into the substrate; color pallid to cream at the apex, lower portion cream-buff to light-brown, dull grey-brown in some specimens, especially near the base; partial veil absent.
Spores 8.5-10.5 x 6.0-7.5 µm, broadly ellipsoid to ovoid, smooth, thin-walled, hilar appendage conspicuous, amyloid; spore print white.
Scattered to clustered on hardwood logs and stumps; fruiting from after the fall rains to mid-winter.
Edible, but untried locally.
One of the larger members of the genus,
is recognized by a pale-brown, striate-wrinkled cap, clustered habit on decaying hardwood logs, and a rooting, hairy stipe. It is most likely to be confused with two other wood-rotting Mycenas,
is similarly colored and equally common, but can be distinguished by sordid reddish-brown discolorations which develop in age.
differs in having a vinaceous-brown cap with a minutely scalloped margin, and has a stipe that bleeds reddish-brown juice when injured.
Aronsen, A. & Læssøe, T.
(2016). The Genus
s.l. Danish Mycological Society: Copenhagen, Denmark. 373 p.
Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F
. (1991). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 3: Boletes and Agarics (1st Part). Strobilomycetaceae, Boletaceae, Paxillaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Tricholomataceae, Polyporaceae (lamellate). Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 361 p.
Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A.
(2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
Mass Geesteranus, R. A.
(1992). Mycenas of the Northern Hemisphere. II. Conspectus of the Mycenas of the Northern Hemisphere. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Vetenschappen: Amsterdam, Netherlands. 493 p.
Perry, Brian A.
(2002). A Taxonomic Investigation of
in California. Masters Thesis, San Francisco State University: San Francisco, CA. 157 p. (
D'Europa. Associazione Micologica Bresadola: Trento, Italy. 728 p.
(1947). North American Species of
. University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor, MI. 521 p.
(1949). Mushrooms in their Natural Habitats. Sawyer's Inc: Portland, OR. 626 p.
Other Descriptions and Photos
(D & CP)
Arora (1986): p. 235 (D), p. 236 (P)
Jordan: p. 175 (D & CP)
Lincoff: p. 780 (D), plate 6 (CP)
Miller: sp. 152 (D & CP)
Smith & Weber: sp. 128 (D & CP)
(D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)
The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1999-2019 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens