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Myrica gale L.
BOG-MYRTLE
Sweetgale

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Myricaceae   Myrica

Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

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Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale
Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale
Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale
Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale
Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale
Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale
Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale
Myrica gale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Myrica gale

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Macrosteles lepidus @ NCSU (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium asclepiadeum @ BPI (3)

Cronartium comptoniae @ BPI (42)
Dermateaceae  Mollisia benesuada @ BPI (1)

Tapesia undulata @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe aubertii @ BPI (1)

Diaporthe prominula @ BPI (1)

Diaporthe valida @ BPI (8)

Diaporthe wibbei @ BPI (2)

Phomopsis myricariae @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria myricae @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Cryptodiaporthe aubertii @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus cruciferus @ BPI (1)

Lachnum myricaceum @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophiostoma turritum @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ovularia destructiva @ BPI (33)

Ovularia monilioides @ BPI (5)

Ovularia sommeri @ BPI (3)

Phacellium rufibasis @ BPI (1)

Ramularia destructiva @ BPI (10)

Ramularia monilioides @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Gymnosporangium ellisii @ BPI (3)
Valsaceae  Cytospora sororia @ 365743B (1); 365743A (1)

Valsa myricae @ BPI (2)

Valsella myricae @ BPI (1)
_  Mycoglaena myricae @ BPI (3)

Trichopezizella myricae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MYGA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MYGA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MYGA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MYGA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MYGA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MYGA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Myrica gale L.
sweetgale

Image of Myrica gale

General Information
Symbol: MYGA
Group: Dicot
Family: Myricaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Myrica thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Mary Clay Stensvold. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AK, S.E. region, Prince of Wales Island, McLean Arm. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 584. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
GAPA8 Gale palustris A. Chev.
MYGAS2 Myrica gale L. var. subarctica J. Rousseau
MYGAS Myrica gale L. var. subglabra (A. Chev) Fernald
MYGAT Myrica gale L. var. tomentosa C. DC.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Myricales
Family Myricaceae – Bayberry family
Genus Myrica L. – sweetgale
Species Myrica gale L. – sweetgale

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
North Carolina sweet gale Endangered
Pennsylvania sweet bayberry Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MYGA)
CalPhotos (MYGA)
Flora of North America (MYGA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (GAPA8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MYGA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MYGAS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MYGAS2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MYGAT)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (MYGA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (MYGA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (MYGA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low

Sources

Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife . Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Anchorage.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Myricaceae | Myrica

1. Myrica gale Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1024. 1753.

Sweet gale, meadow-fern, myrique baumier, bois-sent-bon

Gale palustris (Lamarck) A. Chevalier; G . palustris var. denticulata A. Chevalier; G . palustris var. lusitanica A. Chevalier; G . palustris var. subglabra A. Chevalier; G . palustris var. tomentosa (C. de Candolle) A. Chevalier; Myrica gale var. subglabra (A. Chevalier) Fernald; M . gale var. tomentosa C. de Candolle; M . palustris Lamarck

Shrubs , deciduous, much branched, to 1.5(-2) m. Branchlets purple-black, gland-dotted, glands brownish yellow. Leaf blade oblanceolate to obovate, 1.5-6.5 × 0.5-1.5 cm, ± leathery, base cuneate, margins usually minutely serrate, with 1-4 pairs of teeth usually restricted to distal 1/3 of blade, occasionally entire throughout, apex rounded or obtuse; surfaces abaxially pale green, glabrous to densely pilose, adaxially dark green, glabrous to pilose, both surfaces variously gland-dotted; glands bright yellow to orange. Inflorescences: staminate ca. 1-1.5 cm; pistillate to 1.5 cm. Flowers unisexual, staminate and pistillate mostly on different plants, occasionally on same plants. Staminate flowers: bract of each flower longer than stamens, stamens mostly 3-5. Pistillate flowers: bracteoles 2, accrescent and adnate to base of fruit wall, laterally compressed, glabrous but gland-dotted; ovary glabrous. Fruits ovoid, flattened, 2.5-3 mm; fruit wall smooth (no protuberances), without waxy deposit, with glandular deposit, enclosed by spongy bracteoles. 2 n = ca. 96.

Flowering spring-early summer, fruiting in summer. Coastal and inland swamps, bogs, borders of lakes, ponds, and streams; 0-670 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Conn., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Oreg., Pa., R.I., Vt., Wash., Wis.; Eurasia.

I have seen at least two specimens of Myrica gale from Seneca County, Ohio, although they could have been very old collections. They apparently do not represent the current situation in Ohio.

The spongy bracteoles that surround the fruits aid in dispersal by acting as flotation devices in water. A. J. Davey and C. M. Gibson (1917), as well as others, have commented on the sexual distribution in this species. A. D. MacDonald and R. Sattler (1973) and A. D. MacDonald (1977) have used this species to investigate the nature of the flower/inflorescence in Myricaceae.

The pounded branches of Myrica gale were utilized by the Bella Coola to prepare decoctions taken as a diuretic or as a treatment for gonorrhea (D. A. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Myrica+gale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Myrica+gale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 20
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Myrica gale%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0758 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2446 [detail]
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Myrica gale
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Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2449 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2450 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2451 [detail]
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Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1132 [detail]
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Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1133 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1134 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
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ID: 0000 0000 0107 1135 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1136 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1137 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1138 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1139 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1406 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1407 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1408 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1409 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Myrica gale
Myrica gale
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1410 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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