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© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hoplunnis pacifica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hoplunnis pacifica

© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12

Main identification features
  • elongate;tail slender, pointed;snout long, pointed
  • dorsal and anal finsjoin c
  • jaws long, pointed, upper overhangs, teeth exposed when closed
  • lateral linecomplete


Elongate with a long narrow snout and a slender tail; jaws long and pointed, with top jaw overhanging, no flanges on sides of jaws; jaw teeth of varying sizes, exposed when mouth is closed; large eye; front nostril tubular, at front of snout, rear nostril a slit or hole in front of eye; pectoral fins present or absent; head and body <1/2 total length; dorsal fin origin near level of gill opening; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin; lateral line complete on head and body; no scales.

The family, which occurs worldwide in tropical to subtropical areas, contains about three dozen species in six genera. In our area there is one endemic species in shallow water

  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lane, E. D., Stewart, K. W., 1968., A revision of the genus Hoplunnis Kaup (Apodes, Muraenesocidae), with a description of a new species., Contrib. Mar. Sci., 13:51-64.


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