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Novaculichthys taeniourus (Lacépède, 1801)
CARPET WRASSE
Bar-cheeked Wrasse; Olive-scribbled Wrasse; Reindeer Wrasse; Rockmover Wrasse; Labrus taeniourus Lacépède, 1801; Rock-mover wrasse

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Novaculichthys

Novaculichthys taeniourus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Novaculichthys taeniourus

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Novaculichthys taeniourus
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Novaculichthys taeniourus
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Resumen
  • cabeza gris; cuerpo negro + blanco manchitas
  • c blanca y negra
  • juvenil: aletas filamentosas; manchitas cafés y blancas

Peine payaso, Doncella alguera, Cuchillo dragón

Radios dorsales IX, 12; radios anales III, 13; radios pectorales 13; línea lateral interrumpida, 19-20 escamas con poros en la sección supero anterior y 5-6 en la base de la aleta caudal; la mayor parte de la cabeza sin escamas; la frente angular, sin cresta carnosa; cuerpo oblongo, comprimido; ojo mas cerca de la boca que el perfil de la cabeza; un par de caninos grandes, curvos al frente de cada mandíbula; primeras 2 espinas dorsales muy prolongadas en los juveniles.

Adultos color verdusco oscuro con una mancha blanca en cada escama; cabeza gris con varias bandas cafés radiando desde el ojo; juveniles con un patrón de motas y bandas, ya sea verde, rojizo o café y con manchas blancas.

Tamaño: crece hasta 30 cm.

Hábitat: fondos de escombros y de arena. Puede voltear rocas grandes con sus fuertes mandíbulas cuando anda en busca de invertebrados; los individuos jóvenes asemejan masas de algas a la deriva.

Profundidad: 3-30 m.

Distribuido ampliamente en el Indo-Pacífico desde el Este de África a América; el Golfo de California central a Colombia, y las Revillagigedos, Clipperton, Malpelo, del Coco y Galápagos.


Attributes
Abundance: Común.
Cites: No listado.
Climate Zone: Subtropical Norteño (Provincia de Cortez + Brecha de Sinaloa); Tropical Norteño (Provincia Mejicana hasta Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Ecuatorial (Costa Rica hasta Ecuador + Galápagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 30 m.
Depth Range Min: 3 m.
Diet: pulpos/calamares/sepias; gastropodos/bivalvos móviles bentónicos; estrellas de mar/pepinos/anemonas; crustáceos móviles bentónicos (camarones/cangrejos); gusanos móviles bentónicos.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=28; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=30; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelágico; Larva pelágica.
Feeding Group: Carnívoro.
FishBase Habitat: Asociado a Arrecifes.
Global Endemism: Todo Pacífico (Oeste + Central + Este); Indo-Pacífico solo (Océanos Indico + Pacífico); POT no endémico; "Transpacífico" (Pacífico Este + Central y/u Oeste); Todas las especies.
Habitat: Asociado a arrecife (arrecife + bordes-columna de agua y fondo suave); Arena y grava; Rocas; Fondo suave (fango, arena, grava, playa, estero y manglar); Arrecife (rocoso y/o coralino); Arrecife y fondo suave.
Inshore Offshore: Costeros; Solamente Costeros.
IUCN Red List: No evaluado / Listado.
Length Max: 30 cm.
Regional Endemism: Isla (s); Continente; Continente + Isla (s); Pacífico Oriental Tropical (POT) no endémico; Pacífico Oriental no endémico; Todas las especies.
Residency: Residente.
Salinity: Marino; Solo Marino.
Water Column Position: Fondo; Fondo solamente;


Names
Scientific source:

Vinculos a otros sitios

Literatura
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Bussing, W.A., 1987., Los peces de la familia Labridae de la Costa Pacífica de Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 33:81-98.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J. L. , Balart , E. F. and Arvizu-Martínez, J., 1995., Contribución al conocimiento del origen y distribución de la ictiofauna del Golfo de California, México., Hidrobiologica, 5:57-78.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Edgar, G.J. Banks, S., Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M. and Martínez, C., 2004., Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago., Journal of Biogeography, 31:1107-1124.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Lacepède, B. G. E., 1802., Histoire naturelle des poissons., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 4:i-xliv + 1-728.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1986., Notas sobre la ictiofauna de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia., Boletin Ecotropica. Univ. Bog. Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 13:86-112.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1990., Ictiofauna Indopacifica asociada a los corales de la Isla de Gorgona., Revista de Ciencias, 2:97-105.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Victor , B. C. , Wellington , G. M. , Robertson , D. R. and Ruttenberg, B., 2001., The effect of the EL Niño-Southern oscilation event in the distribution of reef-associated labrid fishes in the Eastern Pacific ocean., Bull. Mar. Sci., 69:279-288.
  • Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.
  • Victor, B. C., 1986., Durtation of the planktonic larval stage of one hundred species of Pacific and Atlantic wrasses (family Labridae)., Marine Biology, 90:317-326.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3183c2be-77a9-4f2c-88ba-cfe0112d17bb/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3183c2be-77a9-4f2c-88ba-cfe0112d17bb/
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3183c2be-77a9-4f2c-88ba-cfe0112d17bb/

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Labridae  
 Genus Novaculichthys  
  Novaculichthys taeniourus    (Lacepède, 1801) 
Provider: Chen, Li-Shu 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Hemipteronotus taeniourus Hemipteronotus taeniurus Julis bifer Labrus taeniours Labrus taeniourus Novaculichthys bifer Novaculichthys taeniorus Novaculichthys taeniurus Novaculichtys taeniorus Xyrichthys taeniouris   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993) Fishbase(2006) Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea.. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p.
Name Code: 382002
  
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Novaculichthys+taeniourus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Novaculichthys+taeniourus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Novaculichthys taeniourus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Novaculichthys taeniourus
Novaculichthys taeniourus
Dragon Wrasse
ID: 0000 0000 0203 0467 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Novaculichthys taeniourus
Novaculichthys taeniourus
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0161 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Novaculichthys taeniourus
Novaculichthys taeniourus
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0162 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Novaculichthys taeniourus
Novaculichthys taeniourus
Dragon Wrasse
ID: 0000 0000 0908 1408 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Novaculichthys taeniourus
Novaculichthys taeniourus
Dragon Wrasse
ID: 0000 0000 0908 1418 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Novaculichthys&speciesname=taeniourus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Novaculichthys-taeniourus.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Novaculichthys-taeniourus.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Novaculichthys-taeniourus.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Novaculichthys taeniourus (Lacepède , 1801)

Rockmover wrasse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Novaculichthys taeniourus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Novaculichthys taeniourus (Rockmover wrasse) Novaculichthys taeniourus
Picture by Cook, D.C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Cheilininae
Etymology: Novaculichthys: Latin, novacula = razor + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 30573 ), usually ? - 14 m (Ref. 27115 ).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115 ); 30°N - 30°S, 32°E - 77°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to South Africa (Ref. 35918 ) and the Tuamoto Islands, north to Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to Lord Howe Island. Excluding Persian Gulf (Ref. 86689 ). Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Panama and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5227 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 12 - 13. Juveniles have long extended dorsal fin spines (Ref. 48636 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit semi-exposed reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602 ). Common in areas of mixed sand, and rubble that are subject to mild surge (Ref. 1602 , 58466 ). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302 ). Juveniles shallow on rubble amongst large bommies or protected open patches on reef crests and swim as if were a leaf floating along the bottom; large adults move along over large reef section, usually in pairs and typically turn or shift large pieces of rubble or debris that they grab and pull with their mouth or push over with their snout. Often, while one works the piece, the other grabs exposed prey. They are sometimes called rock-mover wrasse, but they don't move real rocks (Ref. 48636 ). Highly territorial (Ref. 9823 ). Feed on mollusks, sea urchins, brittle stars, polychaetes, and crabs (Ref. 5213 ); feeding is done by overturning large rocks to expose target preys. The young imitate drifting masses of algae (Ref. 2334 ). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9311 ). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene , 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.3 (based on 3357 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.01081 - 0.03858), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.40 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

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